Common Library Terms & Acronyms
Brief summary of the content of a book, article, speech, or other material.
Name, term, heading, or code in a bibliographic record with which library materials may be searched, identified, and retrieved.
Identifying number for a document in a database.
UCSD’s Academic Computing & Media Services; visit this page for information on passwords and printing accounts.
Materials are purchased for library use. Activities related to obtaining library materials by purchase, exchange, or gift, including pre-order bibliographic searching, ordering and receiving materials, processing invoices, and the maintenance of the necessary records related to acquisitions.
Annual compendium of facts & statistics, current & retrospective, of practical use to readers.
Bibliographic record for a part of a publication, such as part of a book, or an individual volume of a multi-volume work or monographic series, where each volume has its own unique title.
Off-site storage facility for UCSD library materials. Request delivery of materials from the annex to campus through the online catalog.
List of works with descriptions and a brief summary or critical statement about each.
Critical or explanatory note, sometimes included in a bibliography or citation.
Collection of stories, plays, or poems, selected by an editor.
Set of rules and guidelines for citing references, as well as preparing & submitting manuscripts for publication from the American Psychological Association; detailed in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
Part of a written work, not essential to the completeness of the text, which contains complementary information such as statistical tables or explanatory material.
Organized collection of documents and records of an institution, government, organization, or corporate body, or the personal papers of an individual, family, or group, preserved in a repository for their historical value.
Service allowing library users to ask questions through email or live-chat instead of visiting the library reference desk to ask in person. Also referred to as online, digital, or e- reference.
Book of maps and geographic tables.
Writer of a book, essay, story, play, poem or other work. Some works have two or more co-authors, while authorship for others is attributed to an organization, conference symposium, or institution. Other individuals such as an editor, playwright, director, composer, performer, or other, may also be considered an author.
Security process that typically employs usernames and passwords to validate the identity of users before allowing them access to certain information.
Account of one's life written by oneself. See also biography.
Electronic photocopy delivery service that lets you request articles for transmission to you via the web; visit this page for eligibility, restrictions, and other details.
Printed label containing machine-readable data in the form of vertical lines or bars. Used to identify books & other materials in the library; read by a scanner when item is checked out. Also the 14-digit number found on the back of one’s campus ID card.
Description of a specific document consisting of the title, statement of responsibility (author, editor, etc.), edition, type of publication, publisher, date and place of publication, physical description, series, notes, and standard numbers (ISBN, ISSN).
List of references used in a book or article. Long bibliographies may be published separately as books or online.
Books that need repair and loose issues of journals that are combined or bound into a single volume are sent out of the library system to a company which binds them. These items are not available to users until they come back to the library system.
Account of a person's life, written by another person, referred to as the biographer.
UCSD’s Biomedical Library.
Place to return books borrowed from the library; located near library front desks, main entrances, and other locations on campus.
Evaluation of a new book expressing an opinion on the quality of the material.
Method of marking and retrieving specific Web sites. Many Web browsers enable you to store bookmark collections on your personal machine; tagging allows you to store favorite sites in a web-based bookmark account (example: del.icio.us).
Using special commands (operators) to tell a database system how words being searched relate to one another. The three basic Boolean operators are AND, OR, and NOT. AND will narrow a search. OR will broaden a search. NOT will remove a concept from a search.
Older issues of periodicals that have been bound together as a book to preserve them and make storage easier.
Software used to access the World Wide Web. Browsers are client software that accesses information from the World Wide Web Servers. Examples include Firefox, Internet Explorer, Netscape, Mozilla, etc.
Unique location code that appears on the spine of a book or other item to tell you where it should be found on the shelves. UCSD uses the Library of Congress call number system.
Online database with detailed descriptions and location information for materials in the library collection. UCSD’s local catalog is called Roger. The UC-wide catalog is called Melvyl.
Real-time service provided by librarians over the Internet that allows you to ask reference questions from anywhere. UCSD offers an Ask-A-Librarian chat service, as well as reference & information by email and text.
Borrow materials from a library for a fixed period of time. Loan periods, borrowing limits, and renewal policies vary depending upon the status of the borrower (faculty, graduate student, undergraduate).
To loan library materials to users. Most UCSD library materials circulate (can be checked out).
Library materials that can be borrowed/checked out.
Circuit, San Diego:
Service allowing UCSD library cardholders to borrow books from local partner libraries (San Diego State University, Cal State San Marcos, University of San Diego, and San Diego County). If a book is not available at UCSD, link to Circuit from the UCSD catalog and use the Request feature. Additional details here.
The area where you can check out, return, or renew library materials; generally near the main entrance; also referred to as the Front Desk.
Brief description of a text (book, article, web page, etc.) that has been quoted or used as a source. Exact arrangement and formatting of a citation is dictated by a style manual, which varies by discipline or subject matter. A citation in MLA style would appear as follows: Burns, Tom, and Sandra Sinfield. Essential Study Skills: The complete guide to success at university. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2003. The same citation in APA style would appear as follows: Burns, Tom, & Sinfield, Sandra. (2003). Essential Study Skills: The complete guide to success at university. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Special type of index which lists works cited in later works, with a list of the sources from which the citations were gathered. Used by researchers to locate sources related by subject to a previously published work (e.g., Science Citation Index).
Online form that lets you input a citation for an article, dissertation, book chapter, etc. to see if the library owns or has access to it.
Formerly the Center for Library & Instructional Computing Services in Galbraith Hall; closed as part of the UCSD libraries in summer 2011.
A method of arranging materials like books or journals, often by topic. The UCSD library uses Library of Congress (LC) Classification for most materials. Use of classification allows library users to browse shelves to find additional items on the same or related subjects.
Book of works by different authors (essays, stories, poems, plays) selected for publication by an editor.
Type of library shelving using movable shelves to maximize storage capacity and space.
List of descriptors or subject headings used to describe items in a bibliographic database.
Built-in computer mechanism which remembers passwords, computer addresses, and other personal information and repeats it when needed; may be disabled.
Card that enables its user to print from a computer, or to make copies of a document at a photocopy machine. At UCSD, student, faculty and staff ID cards also serve as copy cards.
Course management system
Integrated online applications that allow users to view and complete class materials and post messages, which facilitate discussion beyond the classroom. May also be referred to as “Learning Management System” or “Course Management Software.”
Legal right granted to an author, editor, composer, playwright, publisher, or distributor to exclusive publication, production, sale, or distribution of a literary, musical, dramatic, or artistic work.
Service in which, at faculty request, certain library materials are temporarily assigned a much shorter loan period, to ensure that all students taking a course can share materials. Restrictions on use of reserve materials vary.
In a catalog or index, a direction that leads a user from one entry or subject heading to another.
Most recent issues of a journal or magazine that a library has received.
Device using telephone lines that allows a computer to access the Internet.
Comprehensive collection of related data (articles or other materials) organized for convenient, online access.
Library legally designated to receive all or some the government publications provided free by the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) and other federal agencies.
Subject terms, usually from a thesaurus, used in a database to describe the content of a book or article.
Alphabetical list of words and generally accepted definitions, etymologies, pronunciations, and other information.
List of names, addresses, and telephone numbers of a specific group of persons, companies, organizations, or publications.
Formal and lengthy written discourse, required by universities in partial fulfillment of requirements for a Ph.D.
Service that retrieves, or provides photocopies or electronic delivery of information sources for library users.
Date on which materials must be returned to the library.
East Asia Collection
Collection located on 4th floor of Geisel Library which focuses collecting modern and contemporary Chinese, Japanese, and Korean (CJK) language materials in the humanities and social sciences, including literature, history, sociology, linguistics, and philosophy pertaining to the region. With over 150,000 volumes in print, 1,200,000 digital titles (in 12 CJK databases), 19,000 visual images, and 3,000 films, this expanding collection is rapidly becoming recognized as a new regional as well as national resource center for researchers and students in the field of East Asia area studies.
Also known as an electronic book, it is a traditional print book that is made available digitally, in which format it is searchable. Available through the library's catalog and through subscription services make available by the library system, e.g., NetLibrary: www.netlibrary.com.
Some books are revised and republished, with new versions often called "revised" or "second" editions, and later editions numbered sequentially.
Person who selects, prepares, and compiles the works of other writers for publication.
Web site graphically modeled on an existing print journal, or which provides access to an online journal for which there is no print counterpart; also called electronic journal.
Period during which articles in a periodical are not available in full-text online; usually the 3, 6, or 12 most recent months.
Method of encoding data so that it cannot be read except by someone with the key to decode it. Theoretically, encryption could guarantee the privacy of information sent over the Internet, but some encryption codes have been broken by unauthorized people.
Reference book (one or more volumes; sometimes available online) containing information on all subjects, or limited to a special field or subject.
Citation management tool similar to RefWorks; learn more here.
Notes (or statements explaining the text or indicating the basis for an assertion or the source of material quoted) that appear at the end of a work.
Online system used for library course reserves; look up your course reserve materials here.
Also known as electronic or online reserves, these are academic materials the library has made available to students in digital format at faculty request. E-reserves are accessed through the library catalog or here. ID & password supplied by the professor are needed to obtain the material.
Acronym for Frequently Asked Questions, generally a web page addressing questions asked regularly by new users.
Category of information, such as title, author, abstract, or subject which the user can specify to be searched in an online catalog or database.
Designation after the call number of a book that indicates that the item is large or oversize, often shelved separately from other materials.
Explanatory information about material in the text, numbered consecutively, and usually placed below the text.
Refers to a database or other electronic resource which provides the entire text of the works it contains (e.g., journal articles), in addition to the citation and abstract of each work.
Dictionary or index of geographical names with locations.
Large library building at UCSD which was renamed Geisel Library in 1995 in honor of Audrey & Theodor Geisel (Dr. Seuss) for the generous contributions they have made to the library and their devotion to improving literacy.
Geographic information systems; library service allowing you to organize, explore, visualize and analyze information geographically, by using a system based on layers. Located on 2nd floor of Geisel Library. Learn more here.
Publication created by a government (hearings, reports, treaties, periodicals, statistics, etc.). The government documents collection for the UCSD library are on the 2nd floor of Geisel Library to the left of the main entrance.
Reference book providing concise data & other information on a specific subject.
Printed material, as opposed to information in microform or digital format.
Service of the Libraries by which a user may request to be emailed as soon as a book that has been checked out becomes available. The book is kept at the Front Desk for a limited time for pickup. Holds can generally be placed on any regularly circulating library materials.
All materials (print, non-print, and electronic) owned by a library.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
Coding language focusing on data-display, used to create web pages so that information (text and graphics) can be displayed in various different web browsers.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
Internet Protocol used to transfer hypertext documents from an internet server to a client computer. Other common Internet Protocols are gopher and ftp.
Document that has links to other documents imbedded in it.
Place of publication, the name of the publisher, and the date of publication of a book.
Campus unit offering digital document service for campus faculty, administration, and students (including document capture, retrieval, and printing). Main Imprints service is in Price Center; smaller unit on 2nd floor of Geisel Library.
Information Desk just inside the Geisel Library building; this is one place to ask questions about the library.
Ability to define problems in terms of information needs, and subsequently locate, evaluate, and apply information effectively and ethically.
Alphabetical list of names, places, and subjects discussed in a book and page number(s) on which each is discussed.
interlibrary loan (ILL)
Library service whereby students, faculty, and staff may request to borrow materials from another library if the item is not owned at UCSD.
IP stands for "Internet Protocol". An IP Address is a four part number used to uniquely identify a particular computer on a network using the TCP/IP (Internet) Protocol. For example, 220.127.116.11 could be an IP address.
Formerly the International Relations & Pacific Studies Library at UCSD; closed as part of the library in summer 2011; library collections from there were primarily moved into Geisel Library.
ISBN (International Standard Book Number)
Unique 10- or 13-digit number given to every book or edition of a book before publication to identify the publisher, title, edition, and volume number. The four-part code identifies the item concisely, uniquely, and unambiguously. The four parts of the ISBN are: Group identifier (e.g., national, geographic, language, or other convenient group), publisher identifier, title identifier, and check digit.
ISSN (International Standard Serial Number)
International numerical code that identifies concisely, uniquely, and unambiguously a serial publication.
All copies of a specific periodical title published on the same date.
Publication distributed periodically (weekly, monthly, quarterly, etc.), devoted to a specific field or subfield of knowledge. Journals usually contain scholarly articles written by professors, researchers, or experts in a subject area.
Word used in searching catalogs and databases to describe a topic in a document.
Research assistance, subject guides, and useful resources compiled by librarians to assist with particular classes, subjects, and more.
Person responsible for the care of a library and its contents, including selection and processing of materials, delivery of information, instruction, loan services, and more.
Your UCSD ID cards serves as your library card; no special library activation is needed prior to use. Always have your ID card available for checkout of library materials.
Library of Congress (LC) Classification
Classification system used by the Library of Congress, and also for most UCSD library collections.
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)
Standard list of words or groups of words under which books and other material on a subject are entered in a catalog. These are helpful when searching the online catalog and are included in catalog records.
Books or articles that discuss and/or judge an author's writing.
Amount of time library materials may be borrowed; varies depending on type of material borrowed and the borrower's status (student, faculty, staff).
Needed to access protected databases or services, these character strings provide information that indicates that you are a valid user. For example, you may be required to supply an appropriate user-ID and password to use library services from off-campus.
Periodical intended for the general public rather than for scholars (e.g., Newsweek, Time, Business Week).
Mandeville Special Collections Library (MSCL)
Special collections are part of the library system dedicated to collecting and preserving material of historical importance to the state or the university, or that are rare or unique. These materials will not be lent or checked out, but may be consulted in the library. UCSD’s Mandeville Special Collections Library (MSCL) is on the 2nd floor of Geisel Library.
Non-print materials such as films, filmstrips, videocassettes, audio compact discs, audiocassettes, and vinyl LPs. Many of these materials are kept in the Arts Library on the 1st floor of Geisel Library.
“Medical Subject Headings" used to provide consistent access to medical resources; used in online catalog, the MEDLINE database, and other related medical databases.
4x6 inch sheet of film used for storage of miniaturized text. Many of these materials are kept in the Social Sciences & Humanities Library on the 2nd floor of Geisel Library.
Continuous roll of film used for storage of miniaturized text (usually journals or magazines). Many of these materials are kept in the Social Sciences & Humanities Library on the 2nd floor of Geisel Library.
Film medium for storage of miniaturized text, including both microfiche and microfilm.
Device that connects a PC to the Internet and converts digital signals from the computer to a form that can be sent using a voice (analog sound signal) telephone line and vice versa. Short for modulator/demodulator.
Publication that appears one-time only. Books or reports are usually monographs; periodicals are not.
My ILL / My ILL Requests
The list of resources you currently have checked out from the library through interlibrary loan (ILL). Visit this page to access your ILL account or read more details about the service. You can view and request renewal of materials from here.
My Library Account
The list of resources you currently have checked out from the library. Click on My Library Account from within the catalog or from the upper right of the library homepage and log in using your barcode (14-digit number on the back of your ID card) and password. You can view and renew materials from here.
Serial publication printed & distributed daily or weekly containing news, opinions, advertising, and other items of general interest. UM Libraries subscribe to newspapers, including the Washington Post, New York Times, and Wall Street Journal.
Items that must be used in the library such as reference books, periodicals, and some reserve materials.
Short for the Northern Regional Library Facility, a large cooperative library storage facility housing infrequently used library materials belonging to northern California libraries. Use Melvyl to request physical items from NRLF be delivered to campus, or to request delivery of an electronic or paper copy of articles/excerpts.
To access most library e-journals and databases from off campus, you need to set up your computer using the instructions provided here.
OPAC (online public access catalog) / online catalog
Electronic database with information describing materials contained in the library; indexed by keyword, author, title, and subject. Access tool used to learn whether the library owns a particular book, government document, or periodical and to find out where it is located. UCSD’s local catalog is called Roger. The UC-wide catalog is called Melvyl.
Item checked out that the borrower has kept past its due date. Overdue reserve items are subject to a fine.
Pagers may be given at the front desk to alert users when a checked out reserve item of interest is returned and available for the next user (with the pager)
Term often used to indicate a library user.
Data kept by a library's electronic system containing information about a borrower's account (address, telephone number, items checked out, holds, unpaid fines, etc.).
PDF (Portable Document File)
File format requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader to download & view; often used by resources to make a copy of an item such as a journal article available online. PDF files can preserve the exact duplication of the original paper copy, including graphics, tables, fonts, layout, colors and pagination, in effect serving as a photocopy.
peer review process
Method used by scholarly journals to assure the quality and relevance of the articles they publish. When an article is submitted, the editor sends copies to several reviewers (or "referees") who are recognized experts in the subject of the article. Each reads the article and offers an opinion on whether it is worthy of publication in the journal, using such criteria as soundness of investigative method, whether the author shows adequate knowledge of research on the subject to date, and whether the articles adds to knowledge in the field. Only if the reviewers agree that it meets the relevant criteria will the article be published.
Scholarly article published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Also called a "refereed" journal. A scholarly journal that used the peer review process to select material for publication.
Publication distributed on a regular schedule (e.g., weekly or monthly). Popular periodicals are called magazines and scholarly periodicals are called journals. Newspapers are also periodicals.
Using another person's ideas or exact wording without due credit; learn more here.
PLUS information Service
Library service [ITD: make L lowercase, with same link] providing research & document delivery to businesses & individuals on a cost-recovery basis; service no longer available.
Digital audio file either hosted on a webpage or, strictly speaking, distributed to the listeners via RSS subscription.
Process of maintaining library and archival materials in condition suitable for use, either in their original form or in some other, usually more durable, form.
Source providing first-hand knowledge used in the preparation of a later, derivative work. Primary sources include correspondence, diaries and other personal papers, photographs, interviews and transcripts, government documents, historical records, and newspaper clippings. (See also secondary and tertiary sources.)
Enables a UCSD user who is off-campus to access databases that are restricted to UCSD use only. Visit this page to set up your home computer using the proxy server.
Material in the public domain is not copyrighted and may be used freely for any legal purpose. Works may be in the public domain for several reasons, including when copyright has expired or the owner has given up the copyright. Material published by the federal government is not copyrighted.
Valuable book which so difficult to find that it seldom appears in the antiquarian market. Most libraries keep their rare books in special collections to which access is restricted.
All borrowers of UCSD library materials are entitled to use the materials for a minimum of two weeks. After that, if another user makes a recall/hold, library staff will email the borrower to return the material for the next user.
Each item or document in a database (could be a citation, table, or complete full-text document).
Said of a periodical or other serial when manuscripts are evaluated by at least one subject specialist in addition to the editor before being accepted for publication.
Resources that allow users to locate facts or identify information quickly; housed as a separate reference collection. They contain many sources of information, such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, bibliographies, indexes, abstracts, almanacs, directories, or statistical compilations. Reference materials usually cannot leave the library.
reference (or service) desk
Place in the library where reference librarians and assistants give directions, answer questions, and show how to find and use library materials.
Reference librarians have a master's degree in library science and often other graduate degrees as well. They help you find materials needed for research, show you how to use online and other resources, and teach you about the research process.
Citation management tool similar to EndNote; learn more here.
Extend the loan period of library material; multiple renewals are generally permitted for UCSD library material unless another user has requested the item; reserves may not be renewed.
Location, usually within a library or archive, where manuscripts, rare books, papers, photographs, government documents, and other records of historical interest are usually stored. Digital repositories are accessible electronically.
Service in which, at faculty request, certain library materials are temporarily assigned a much shorter loan period, to ensure that all students taking a course can share materials. Restrictions on use of reserve materials vary. E-reserves are accessed through the library catalog or here; call numbers for physical reserves are also found in those locations. Take the call number to the designated service desk.
Critical commentary in a material typically including analysis, evaluation, interpretation, or critique of the content and quality of books, movies, software, etc.; often includes the author's/reviewer's opinion.
Edition of a book which incorporates changes made by its author or editor since the publication of an earlier edition. In certain fields where timeliness is very important (science, medicine, technology, etc.), the reader should be particularly alert to updated, revised editions of earlier works.
Name of UCSD’s Library catalog; named after Roger Revelle.
Rich site summary or really simple syndication. XML-based application that allows a "subscriber" to get automatic notification when content on a website is updated.
Science & Engineering Library, located on the 1st and 2nd floors of Geisel Library.
San Diego Circuit
Service that allows UCSD library cardholders to request books from local partner libraries for delivery and pick-up at UCSD. If a book is not available at UCSD, link to Circuit from the UCSD catalog and use the Request feature. Additional details here.
Periodical containing scholarly articles on research and development, usually characterized by a list of references at the end of the articles and written by person (s) trained in the subject area.
Navigational tool to search the Web by topic or keyword using natural language searching; examples include Google, Ask, Yahoo, etc. Note: Search engines will return a list of sites containing your search terms, but the results are not "reviewed" for you. Be sure to review all search engine results for credibility and reliability.
Methodology for focusing your research on a particular topic; plan or steps taken to locate research materials. Creating a search strategy involves determining the information needed and kinds of resources needed (primary, secondary, books, articles, etc.), and establishing appropriate keywords and concepts.
Interpretations & commentary on primary sources; these may include biographies, dissertations, journal articles, and indexes or bibliographies.
Machines for self-service checkout of library materials are located near the entrances of both Geisel Library and the Biomedical Library. UCSD ID card is required, but a PIN is not.
Term describing a wide range of publications issued in successive parts with no predictable end in sight. Magazines, journals, newspapers, annual reports, some conference proceedings, and annual reviews are examples.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, located on the SIO campus; library has limited hours.
Part of the library system dedicated to collecting and preserving material of historical importance to the state or the university, or that are rare or unique. These materials will not be lent or checked out, but may be consulted in the library. UCSD’s Mandeville Special Collections Library (MSCL) is on the 2nd floor of Geisel Library.
Short for the Southern Regional Library Facility, a large cooperative library storage facility housing infrequently used library materials belonging to southern California libraries. Use Melvyl to request physical items from SRLF be delivered to campus, or to request delivery of an electronic or paper copy of an article.
SSHL or SS&HL
Social Sciences & Humanities Library, located in Geisel Library.
Areas of a library where books & periodicals are shelved.
Words which cannot be used as a search term in a particular database; they tend to be small, frequently occurring words like from, or, in, and of that are often ignored when entered as search terms.
Guide providing rules & formats for arranging footnotes, citations, and bibliographies. Examples include MLA, APA, Chicago, etc. Choice of style manual depends on discipline or subject matter.
Portion of a work's title following the semicolon or colon.
Classification number assigned to and used to arrange U.S. federal government documents.
Section added to a book or journal after it has been published to provide more up-to-date information or to focus on a special topic.
These consist of information which is a distillation & collection of primary and secondary sources. Examples include almanacs, encyclopedias, and fact books.
- Book of synonyms and sometimes antonyms.
- Alphabetical list of terms and concepts representing the specialized vocabulary of a particular field. One example is Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms. Used by librarians and others to conduct focused searches in online databases.
Publication(s) reporting original research typically required for a Masters Degree.
First important page in a book; contains the title, author(s), editor(s), or organization responsible for the intellectual content of the work, edition (unless it is the first), and place of publication, publisher, and date of publication. (The date is sometimes located on the reverse side of the title page.)
Periodical restricted to the interests of a trade or industry. Examples include Manufacturing Chemist and Aerosol News.
Search technique in which you use a symbol to search for variations on a word. For example, use ? or * at the left, right, or middle of a search term to retrieve multiple possible words (furni? to retrieve furniture or furnishings; cardio*y for cardiology or cardiopulmonary; or ?pane for windowpane or counterpane). Or use # to find words with alternative spellings (arch#eology for archeology or archaeology), or use ! to find single-letter spelling variations (wom!n for woman or women).
University of California Office of the President.
Complete (not shortened) version of a novel or dictionary.
URL (uniform resource locator)
Distinct address of a web site; method for stating the exact address or location of resources on the Web. URLs are case sensitive, so they must be entered exactly as given. For example, the URL for the UCSD library is http://libraries.ucsd.edu/.
Single book or bound periodical, often part of a set of books or series of periodicals.
VPN (Virtual Protected Network)
Enables a UCSD user who is off-campus to access databases that are restricted to UCSD use only. Visit this page to set up your home computer using the VPN.
Symbol used in searching to represent one or more letters; most often used to find plurals & other variants of words. Commonly used symbols include "?" "*" and "+". A wildcard symbol may replace a single letter (as in wom*n to search for women or woman in one search) or any number of letters (as in psycholog* to search for psychology, psychologist, and psychological). See also truncation.
Name given to any electronic device that sends messages through space via electric or electromagnetic waves instead of via power cords.
Items no longer in the library collection.
Name for references or bibliography hen using MLA citation style.
eXtensible Markup Language: Coding language designed to focus on describing data rather than on displaying data (like HTML). In describing data, XML makes the content/data of an XML document more "portable." (For example, an RSS feed in XML allows the content/data of a web page to be displayed in any number of ways in RSS readers.)
Annual documentary, historical, or memorial publication containing information about the previous year.
Prepared by the National Information Standards Organization, Z39.50 is an information retrieval service definition & protocol specification for library applications which defines how one computer system can co-operate with other systems for the purpose of searching databases & retrieving records.
Free tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources, which in the web browser itself where you do your work.
Last updated: K. Goodson, December 2011
Your ID card is also your Library card!