1790


About the 1790 census

Highlights

  • 1st decennial census
  • US population: 3,929,625

Questions asked

Name of head of family; free white males of 16 years and up, free white males under 16; free white females; slaves; other persons.

For more information:

Coverage

 

For more information:

  • Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 (SSHL Ref G 1201 .F7 T5 2005)


Guides & Documentation

Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census. (Ref Desk HA 37 .U55 C66 2000)
See the entry under "decennial census". Includes bibliography for each census.

See: list of all Guides and Documentation


Statistics

Original printed reports (& online equivalents)

 

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Return of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States
[C 3.14:790 and C 3.14:790/rep and XP 510]

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years)

These tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (eg states) but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

See: list of all census compilations


Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical sofware for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

See: list of raw data sources.


Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


 

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Connecticut
[C 3.14:790/C 76]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Maine
[C 3.14:790/ M28]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790 : Massachusetts
[C 3.14:790/ M 38]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United states, taken in the year 1790: New Hampshire
[C 3.14:790/N 42 H]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United states, taken in the year 1790: New York
[n/a]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, North Carolina
[C 3.14:790/N 81 c]

From the Census Bureau

From HeritageQuest

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790. Pennsylvania
[n/a]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Rhode Island
[C 3.14:790/R 34]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, South Carolina
[C 3.14:790/So 8 c]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Vermont
[C 3.14:790/V 59]

From the Census Bureau

Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790 : records of the state enumerations, 1782 to 1785 : Virginia
[C 3.14:790/V 81]

From the Census Bureau

From HeritageQuest

List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States
[GS 4.7:34]

n/a

Contact

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