1890


About the 1890 census

Highlights

  • 11th decennial census
  • US population: 62,947,714
  • California population: 1,213,398
  • Electrical tabulating machines first used.
  • First census to use a separate questionnaire for each household.

Questions asked

Address; name; relationship to head of family; race; sex; age; marital status; number of families in house; number of persons in house; number of persons in family; whether a soldier, sailor or marine during Civil War (Union or Confederate) or widow of such person; whether married during census year; for women, number of children born, and number now living; place of birth of person and parents; if foreign born, number of years in the U.S., whether naturalized or whether naturalization papers had been taken out; profession, trade, or occupation; months unemployed during census year; months attended school during census year; literacy; whether able to speak English, and if not, language or dialect spoken; whether suffering from acute or chronic disease, with name of disease and length of time afflicted; whether defective in mind, sight, hearing or speech, or whether crippled, maimed, or deformed, with name of defect; whether a prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper; home rented or owned by head or member of family; if owned by head or member, whether mortgaged; if head of family a farmer, whether farm rented or owned by him or member of his family; if owned, whether mortgaged; if mortgaged, post office address of owner. Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for persons who died during the year; insane; feeble-minded and idiots; deaf; blind; diseased and physically defective; inmates of benevolent institutions; prisoners; paupers and indigent persons; surviving soldiers, sailors, and marines, and widows of such; inmates of soldier's homes.

For more information:

Coverage

 

For more information:

  • Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920 (SSHL Ref G 1201 .F7 T5 2005)

Guides & Documentation

Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census. (Ref Desk HA 37 .U55 C66 2000)
See the entry under "decennial census". Includes bibliography for each census.

See: list of all Guides and Documentation


Statistics

Original printed reports (& online equivalents)

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Vol I: Report on population of the United States (2 pts)
[C 3.14:890/1/pt.1-2]

From the Census Bureau

Vol II: Report on the Insane, feeble-minded, deaf and dumb, and blind in the United States
[C 3.14:890/2]

From the Census Bureau

Vol III: Report on crime, pauperism, and benevolence (2 pts)
[C 3.14:890/3/pt.1-2]

From the Census Bureau

Vol IV: Report on vital and social statistics (4 pts)
[C 3.14:890/4/pt.1-4]

From the Census Bureau

Vol V: Reports on the statistics of agriculture
[C 3.14:890/5]

From the Census Bureau

Vol VI: Report on manufacturing industries (3 pts)
[C 3.14:890/6/pt.1-3]

From the Census Bureau

Vol VII: Report on mineral industries
[C 3.14:890/7, C 3.14:890/7/reprint]

From the Census Bureau

Vol VIII: Report on population and resources of Alaska
[C 3.14:890/8]

From the Census Bureau

Vol IX: Report on statistics of churches
[C 3.14:890/16/Ch/rep]
(Note: pages 713 and 795-812 missing from edition on Census website)

From the Census Bureau

Vol X: Report on Indians taxed and Indians not taxed
[C 3.14:890/17/In/rep, Spec E77 .U52 1894]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XI: Report on insurance business (2 pts)
[ C 3.14:890/11/pt.1-2]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XII: Report on real estate mortgages
[C 3.14:890/12]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XIII: Report on farms and homes: Proprietorship and indebtedness
[ C 3.14:890/13]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XIV: Report on transportation business (2 pts)
[ C 3.14:890/14/pt.1-2]

From the Census Bureau

Vol XV: Report on wealth, debt, and taxation (2 pts)
[C 3.14:890/15/pt.1-2]

From the Census Bureau

Compendium of the Eleventh Census (3 pts)
[C 3.14:890/17/pt.1-3, C 3.14:890/17/pt1-3/reprint]

From the Census Bureau

Abstract
[C 3.14:890/16]

n/a

Statistical atlas of the United States
[C 3.14:890/18 (print vol. missing - purchase)]

From American Memory

Special census report on the occupations of the population of the United States
[C 3.14:890/19/O 33]

From the Census Bureau

Vital Statistics of New York and Brooklyn covering a period of six years ending May 31, 1890
[C 3.14:890/19/V 58]

From the Census Bureau

Vital statistics of the District of Columbia and Baltimore covering a period of six years ending…
[C 3.14:890/19/V 59]

From the Census Bureau

The five civilized tribes in Indian territory: The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Nations.
[C 3.14:890/19/T 75, XX 568 LAC no.40051]

From the Census Bureau

Indians. Eastern bank of Cherokees of North Carolina
[XX 568 LAC no.40051]

From the Census Bureau

Indians. The Six Nations of New York. Cayugas, Mohawks (Saint Regis), Oneidas, Onondagas, Senecas, Tuscaroras.
[E99.I7 S55 1995]

From the Census Bureau

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years)

These tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (eg states) but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

See: list of all census compilations


Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical sofware for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

See list of raw data sources.


Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. Virtually all of the 1890 schedules were destroyed by a fire in 1921. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


Contact

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