1970


About the 1970 census

Highlights

  • 19th decennial census
  • US population: 203,302,031
  • California population: 19,971,069
  • The Summary Tape Files which were released were the first time tabulations were disseminated in electronic format.

Questions asked

Information obtained from all persons: Address; name; relationship to head of household; sex; race; age; month and year of birth; marital status; if American Indian, name of tribe.

Information obtained from 20-percent sample: Whether residence is on a farm; place of birth; educational attainment; for women, number of children ever born; employment status; hours worked in week preceding enumeration; year last worked; industry, occupation, and class of worker; state or country of residence 5 years ago; activity 5 years ago; weeks worked last year; earnings last year from wages and salary, from self-employment; other income last year.

Information obtained from 15-percent sample: Country of birth of parents; county, and city or town of residence 5 years ago ( and whether in city limits or outside); length of residence at present address; language spoken in childhood home; school or college attendance, and whether public, parochial, or other private school; veteran status; place of work--street address, which city or town (and whether in city limits or outside), county, State, ZIP code; means of transportation to work.

Information obtained from 5-percent sample: Whether of Spanish descent; citizenship; year of immigration; whether married more than once and date of first marriage; whether first marriage ended because of death of spouse; vocational training; (for persons of working age) presence and duration of disability; industry, occupation, and class of worker 5 years ago.

Supplemental schedule for Americans overseas.

For more information:


Guides & Documentation

Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census. (Ref Desk HA 37 .U55 C66 2000)
See the entry under "decennial census". Includes bibliography for each census.

See: list of all Guides and Documentation


Statistics

Note: Much of the information from the original reports is available via Geolytics (a CD available on the SSHL Superstation). Please ask at the Reference Desk for access.

Original printed reports (& online equivalents)

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Census of Population

Vol. I: Characteristics of the Population
A. Number of Inhabitants
[C3.223/9:970/v.1/pt 6/sec. 1]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. I: Characteristics of the Population
B. General Population Characteristics
[C3.223/9:970/v.1/pt 6/sec. 2 and C 3.223/6:970/B1 and C 3.223/6:970/B6]

From the Census Bureau

Vol I: Characteristics of the Population
C. General Social and Economic Characteristics
[C3.223/9:970/v.1/pt 6/sec. 3 and C 3.223/7:970/C1 and C 3.223/7:970/C6]

From the Census Bureau

Vol I: Characteristics of the Population
D. Detailed Characteristics
[C 3.223/8:970/D1 and C 3.223/8:970/D6/sec 1]

From the Census Bureau

Vol II: Subject Reports

National Origin and Language> [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 1A]
Negro Population [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 1B]
Persons of Spanish Origin [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 1C]
Persons of Spanish Surname [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 1D]
Puerto Ricans in the United States [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 1E]
American Indians [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 1F]
Japanese, Chinese, and Filipinos in the United States [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 1G]
State of Birth [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 2A]
Mobility for States and the Nation [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 2B]
Mobility for Metropolitan Areas [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 2C]
Lifetime and Recent Migration [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 2D]
Migration Between State Economic Areas [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 2E]
Women by Number of Children Ever Born [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 3A]
Childspacing and Current Fertility [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 3B]
Family Composition [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 4A]
Persons by Family Characteristics [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 4B]
Marital Status [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 4C]
Age at First Marriage [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 4D]
Persons in Institutions and Other Group Quarters [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 4E]
School Enrollment [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 5A]
Educational Attainment [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 5B]
Vocational Training [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 5C]
Employment Status and Work Experience [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 6A]
Persons Not Employed [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 6B]
Persons With Work Disability [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 6C]
Journey to Work [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 6D]
Veterans [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 6E]
Occupational Characteristics [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 7A]
Industrial Characteristics [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 7B]
Occupation by Industry [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 7C]
Government Workers [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 7D]
Occupation and Residence in 1965 [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 7E]
Occupations of Persons with High Earnings [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 7F]
Sources and Structure of Family Income [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 8A]
Earnings by Occupation and Education [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 8B]
Income of the Farm-Related Population [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 8C]
Low-Income Population [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 9A]
Low-Income Areas in Large Cities [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 9B]
Americans Living Abroad [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 10A]
State Economic Areas [C 3.223/10:970 v. 2 PT. 10B]

From the Census Bureau

Population Supplementary Report, PC(S1)
[C 3.223/12:970/1-108]

From the Census Bureau

Census of Population and Housing:

Census Tracts
[ C3.223/11:970/1-241]

From the Census Bureau

General demographic trends for metropolitan areas, 1960 to 1970
[ C 3.223/13:970/1-52]

From the Census Bureau

Employment profiles of selected low-income areas
[C 3.223/17:970 v.1-76]

From the Census Bureau

Census of Housing

Vol. I: Housing Characteristics for States, Cities, and Counties.
A. General Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/3:970  v. 1 pt.1-58 and C 3.224/3:970/A1 and C 3.224/3:970/A6]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. I: Housing Characteristics for States, Cities, and Counties
B. Detailed Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/3:970  v. 1 pt.1-58 and C 3.224/3:970/B1 and C 3.224/3:970/B6]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. II: Metropolitan Housing Characteristics
[ C 3.224/4:970/1-248]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. III: Block Statistics
[C 3.224/5:970/1-278]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. IV: Components of Inventory of Change
[ C 3.224/6:970/1-16]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. V: Residential Finance
[ C 3.224/7:970]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. VI: Plumbing Facilities and Estimates of Dilapidated Housing
[C3.224/9:970/v.6. ]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. VI: Plumbing Facilities and Estimates of Dilapidated Housing Addendum: Accuracy of Estimates
[ C3.224/9:970/v.6/add. ]

From the Census Bureau

Vol. VII: Subject Reports
[3.224/10:970/]

From the Census Bureau

Original electronic files released (& online versions)

Online Versions

Summary Statistic Files

First Count Special Tabulation

**Download from ICPSR [UCSD only]

Fourth Count Special Tabulation

**Download from ICPSR [UCSD only]

Fifth Count Special Tabulation

**Download from UC Berkeley

** Indicates that these files are available for download only. They cannot be used online.

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years)

These tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (eg states) but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

See: list of all census compilations


Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical sofware for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

See list of raw data sources.


Population Schedules

Note: 1970 Population schedules have not been released.

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


Contact

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