1990


About the 1990 census

Highlights

  • 21st decennial census
  • US population: 248,709,873
  • California population: 29,760,021

Questions asked

Information obtained from all persons: Age, Sex, Color or Race, If American Indian, name of Tribe, Relationship to head of family or household, Marital Status

Information obtained from a sample of the population: Ancestry/ Ethnic Origin, Ill or Disabled, School Attendance, Educational Attainment, Place of Birth, Citizenship, If Foreign Born, year of immigration, language, Spanish origin or descent, Number of children ever born to mother, Veteran status, Length of Service, In service date, Place of residence in a previous year, Year moved to present residence, Industry, Occupation, Class of Worker, Employment Status, Duration of Unemployment, Year last worked, Weeks worked in preceding year, Hours worked in preceding week, Value of Real Estate, Income, Place of work, Means of transportation to work

For more information:


Guides & Documentation

Encyclopedia of the U.S. Census. (Ref Desk HA 37 .U55 C66 2000)
See the entry under "decennial census". Includes bibliography for each census.

See: list of all Guides and Documentation


Statistics

Available from: American FactFinder

Note: Almost all of the information from the original reports is available via American FactFinder. More information about using American FactFinder is available in 4 Easy Steps to Census 2000 Data (the steps are the same for 1990 data).

Original printed reports (& online equivalents)

Print Versions in the Library

Online Versions

Census of Population:

General Population Characteristics
[C 3.223/6:990 CP-1-]

From the Census Bureau

Social and Economic Characteristics
[ C 3.223/7:990 CP-2-]

From the Census Bureau

The Foreign-Born Population in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-1]

From the Census Bureau

Ancestry of the Population in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-2 ]

From the Census Bureau

Persons of Hispanic Origin in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-3]

From the Census Bureau

Education in the United States
[ C 3.223/10: 990 CP-3-4]

From the Census Bureau

Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States
[ C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-5 ]

From the Census Bureau

Characteristics of the Black Population
[ 3.223/10:990 CP-3-6 ]

From the Census Bureau

Characteristics of American Indians by Tribe and Language (2 pts)
[C 3.223/10:990 CP-3-7]

From the Census Bureau

Detailed Occupation and Other Characteristics From the EEO File for the United States

From the Census Bureau

Detailed Ancestry Groups for States
[C 3.223/12:990 CP-S-1-2]

From the Census Bureau

Census of Population and Housing:

Summary Population and Housing Characteristics
[C 3.223/18:990 CPH-1-]

From the Census Bureau

Population and Housing Unit Counts
[C 3.223/5:990 CPH-2-]

From the Census Bureau

Population and Housing Characteristics for Census Tracts and Block Numbering Areas
[C 3.223/11:990 CPH-3-]

From the Census Bureau

Population and Housing Characteristics for Congressional Districts of the 103rd Congress
[C 3.223/20:990 CPH-4-]

From the Census Bureau

Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics
[ C 3.223/23:990 CPH-5-]

From the Census Bureau

Census of Housing:

General Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/3:990 CH-1-]

From the Census Bureau

Detailed Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/3:990 CH-2-]

From the Census Bureau

Metropolitan Housing Characteristics
[C 3.224/4-2:990]

From the Census Bureau

Residential Finance
[C 3.224/13:990 CH-4-1]

From the Census Bureau

Original electronic files released (& online versions)

Online Versions

Summary Tape Files

Public Law 94-171 data.
[C 3.281:]

From the Census Bureau

STF1A
[ C 3.282:990/]

**Download from the Census Bureau

STF1B
[ C 3.282/3:CD 90-1 B-]

**Download from the Census Bureau

STF1C
[ C 3.282:990-1 C]

**Download from the Census Bureau

STF 1D
[C 3.282/4:104-2]

**Download from the Census Bureau

STF 3A
[C 3. 282/ 2 :Cd 90- 3a-]

**Download from the Census Bureau

STF 3B
[ C 3.282/2:CD 90-3 B-]

**Download from the Census Bureau

STF 3C
[C 3. 282/ 2 :Cd 90- 3c- ]

**Download from the Census Bureau

STF 3D
[C 3.282/4:104-2]

**Download from the Census Bureau

Subject Summary Tape Files (SSTFs)

SSTF 1: Foreign Born Population of the United States

From UC Berkeley

SSTF 2: Ancestry of the population in the United States
[ 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 02]

From UC Berkeley

SSTF 3: Persons of Hispanic Origins in the United States

From UC Berkeley

SSTF 4: Characteristics of adults with work disabilities, mobility limitations, or self-care limitations
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 04]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 5: Characteristics of the Asian and Pacific Islander population in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90-SSTF 05]

From UC Berkeley

SSTF 6: Education

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 7: Metropolitan housing characteristics
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 07 ]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 8: Housing of the elderly
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 08]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 9: Housing characteristics of new units
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 09]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 10: Housing characteristics of mobile homes
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 10]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 12: Employment Status, Work Experience, and Veteran Status

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 13: Characteristics of American Indians by tribe and language
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 13]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 14: Occupation and industry : industry by occupation alphabetical index
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 14]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 15: Geographic mobility in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 15]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 16: Fertility
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 16 ]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 17: Poverty areas in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 17]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 18: Housing characteristics of condominium housing
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 18]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 19: The older population of the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 19]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 20: Journey to work in the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 20]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 21: Characteristics of the Black population of the United States
[C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 21]

**Download from UC Berkeley

SSTF 22: Earnings by Occupation and Education

**Download from UC Berkeley

Special Tabulations

The Comprehensive housing affordability strategy (CHAS) database
[C 3.275:H 81/CD/CORR-2]

Equal employment opportunity file
[C 3.283:CD 90-EEO-]

From the Census Bureau

**Download from UC Berkeley

Special tabulation on aging
[C 3.281/2:CD-90-AOA ]

County-to-county migration flow files
[C 3.284:CD 90-MIG-]

** Indicates that these files are available for download only. They cannot be used online.

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years)

These tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (eg states) but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

See: list of all census compilations


Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical sofware for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

See list of raw data sources.


Population Schedules

Note: 1990 Population schedules have not been released.

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


Contact

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