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Democracy and human rights in Latin America.  2002.  Westport:  Praeger. 

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Dilla Alfonso, Haroldo.  1996.  "Los municipios cubanos y los retos del futuro." La participación en Cuba y los retos del futuro.  1996.  La Habana:  Centro de Estudios sobre América.  Pages 139-145.

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Domínguez, Jorge.  1989.  "Leadership changes, factionalism, and organizational politics in Cuba since 1960."  Leadership change in communist states.  1989.  Boston:  Unwin Hyman.  Pages 129-155.

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Drachman, Edward.  2002.  "Rethinking U.S. policy toward Fidel Castro:  can implementation of best business practices better promote political and economic liberalization in Cuba?" Democracy and human rights in Latin America.  2002.  Westport:  Praeger.  Pages 179-213.

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Enciclopedia de Cuba.  1975.  San Juan:  Enciclopedia y Clásicos Cubanos.  Volume 9 Gobiernos republicanos.    Volumes 7 and 8 cover individual municipalities and provide information on municipal governments, including mayors and councils.

Estrade, Paul.  2000.  José Martí:  los fundamentos de la democracia en Latinoamérica.  Madrid:  Ediciones Doce Calles.

Farber, Samuel.  1976.  Revolution and reaction in Cuba, 1933-1960:  a political sociology from Machado to Castro.  Middletown:  Wesleyan University Press.

Fernández, Damián J.  1996. "Cuba."  Latin America and Caribbean contemporary record VIII:B351-B363 (1988-1989).

Fernández, Julio. 1986.  "El sistema electoral cubano."  Sistemas electorales y representación política en Latinoamérica.  1986.  Madrid:  Fundación Friedrich Ebert, Instituto de Cooperación Iberoamericana.  Volume 1 pages 205-226.

Fitzgibbon, Russell H. and H. Max Healey. 1936.  "Foreign government and politics:  the Cuban elections of 1936."   The American political science review 30, 4:724-735 (August 1936).

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García Brigos, Jesús P.  1998.  Gobernabilidad y democracia:  los [rganos del Poder Popular en Cuba:  reflexiones para un análisis a veinte años de su constitución.  La Habana:  Editorial de Ciencias Sociales.

García Brigos, Jesús Pastor.  2001.  "People's Power in the organization of the Cuban socialist state."  Socialism and democracy 15:113-136 (spring/summer 2001). 

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Gellman, Irwin F.  1973.  Roosevelt and Batista:  good neighbor diplomacy in Cuba, 1933-1945.  Albuquerque:  University of New Mexico Press.

Granma.  Primary source of election information.

Griffiths, John.  1988.  "The Cuban Communist Party." Political parties in the third world.  1988.  London:  SAGE Publications Ltd.  Pages 155-173.

Halperin, Ernst.  1970.  Fidel Castro's road to power.  Boston:  Research Project on Communism, Revisionism, and Revolution, Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  Volume I.  Cuban politics from Machado to Moncada.

Hargrove, Claude.  1979.  Fulgencio Batista:  politics of the electoral process in Cuba, 1933-1944.  Washington, D.C.:  Howard University.  Unpublished dissertation.

Healy, David.  1988.  Drive to hegemony:  the United States in the Caribbean, 1898-1917.  Madison:  University of Wisconsin Press.

Helg, Aline.  1991.  "Afro-Cuban protest:  the Partido Independiente de Color, 1908-1912."  Cuban studies 21:101-121 (1991).

Hernández, José M.  1993.  Cuba and the United States:  intervention and militarism, 1868-1933.  Austin:  University of Texas Press.

Hernández, Rafael and Haroldo Dilla.  1991.  "Political culture and popular participation in Cuba."  Latin American perspectives 18, 2:38-54 (spring 1991).

Hitchman, James H.  1971.  Leonard Wood and Cuban independence:  1898-1902.  The Hague:  Martinus Nijhoff. 

Ibarra, Jorge.  1998.  Prologue to revolution:  Cuba, 1898-1958.  Boulder:  Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Jackson, John Alexander.  1969.  United States policy and the Cuban election of 1916.  Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  Unpublished master's thesis.

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Jensen, Larry R.  1988.  Children of colonial despotism:  press, politics, and culture in Cuba, 1790-1840.  Tampa:  University of South Florida Press.

Kapcia, Antoni. 1996. "The politics of change in Cuba:  retrenchment, reform or redefinition?" Problems of democracy in Latin America. 1996.  Stockholm:  Institute of Latin American Studies, Stockholm University.  Pages 124-158.  "An earlier version of this chapter appeared in January 1995, published by the Institute of Latin America Studies of the University of London (Occasional Papers, no. 9:  "Political change in Cuba:  before and after the exodus."

Kapcia, Antoni.  1997.  "The Cuban revolution in crisis." Latin America and the Caribbean:  prospects for democracy.  1997.  Aldershot:  Ashgate Publishing Limited, Research Institute for the Study of Conflict and Terrorism.  Contains articles originally published 1983-1996.  Pages 179-206.  Reprinted from Conflict studies 256:1-28 (1992).

Kapcia, Antoni.  1997a.  "Cuba after the crisis:  revolutionising the revolution." Latin America and the Caribbean:  prospects for democracy.  1997.  Aldershot:  Ashgate Publishing Limited, Research Institute for the Study of Conflict and Terrorism.  Contains articles originally published 1983-1996.  Pages 301-331.  Reprinted from Conflict studies 289:1-31 (1996).

Kapcia, Antoni.  2000.  Cuba:  island of dreams.  Oxford:  Berg.

Keesing's record of world events.

Kirk, John M.  1989.  Between God and the party:  religion and politics in revolutionary Cuba.  Tampa:  University of South Florida Press.

Lancís, Antonio.  1955.  El proceso electoral de 1954.  La Habana.

Langley, Lester D.  1983.  The banana wars:  an inner history of American empire, 1900-1934.  Lexington:   University Press of Kentucky.

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Lanic (Latin American Network Information Center) http://www.lanic.utexas.edu  .  "Government" section has links to many useful resources on elections.

Latell, Brian.  1988.  "Cuba."  Latin America and Caribbean contemporary record V:B489-B505 (1985-1986).

Latell, Brian.  1989.  "Cuba."  Latin America and Caribbean contemporary record VI:B459-B476 (1986-1987).

Latin America and the Caribbean:  prospects for democracy.  1997.  Aldershot:  Ashgate Publishing Limited, Research Institute for the Study of Conflict and Terrorism.  Contains articles originally published 1983-1996.

Latin America between the Second World War and the Cold War, 1944-1948.  1992.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.

Latin America:  the struggle with dependency and beyond.  1974.  New York:  John Wiley & Sons.

Latin American politics and development.  1996.  Boulder:  Westview Press.  Fourth edition, revised and updated. 

Leadership change in communist states.  1989.  Boston:  Unwin Hyman.

LeoGrande, William M.  1978.  "Mass political participation in socialist Cuba." Political participation in Latin America.  1978.  New York:  Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc.  Volume I:  Citizen and state.  Pages 114-128.  Also published in The Cuba reader:  the making of a revolutionary society.  1989.  New York:  Grove Press.  Pages 186-199. 

LeoGrande, William M.  1978a.  "Continuity and change in the Cuban political elite."  Estudios cubanos/Cuban studies 8, 2:1-31 (July 1978).

LeoGrande, William.  1981.  "Republic of Cuba."  Marxist governments:  a world survey.  1981.  New York:  St. Martin's Press.  Volume 2.  Pages 237-260.

LeoGrande, William.  1986.  "The Communist Party of Cuba since the First Congress." Communist politics:  a reader.  1986.  New York:  New York University Press.  Pages 173-191.

"Reprinted with adaptations from the Journal of Latin American Studies 12, 2 (November 1980)."

LeoGrande, William.  1989.  "Party development in revolutionary Cuba."  The Cuba reader:  the making of a revolutionary society.  1989.  New York:  Grove Press.  Pages 156-172.  Also published in Journal of inter-American studies and world affairs 21, 4:457-480 (November 1979).

Lockmiller, David A.  1969.  Magoon in Cuba:  a history of the second intervention, 1906-1909.  New York:  Greenwood Press.  Reprint of 1938 edition.

Lutjens, Sheryl L.  1992.  "Democracy and socialist Cuba." Cuba in transition:  crisis and transformation.  1992.  Boulder:  Westview Press.  Pages 55-76.

Lutjens, Sheryl L.  1995.  "Reading between the lines:  women, the state, and rectification in Cuba."  Latin American perspectives 22, 2:100-124 (spring 1995). 

Madan, Nora.  1993.  Extraordinary circumstances bring people together:  Cuban electoral process, November 1992-March 1993.  Havana:  Editora Política.  Not reviewed.

Marxist governments:  a world survey.  1981.  New York:  St. Martin's Press.  Volume 2.

McDonald, Ronald H. and J. Mark Ruhl.  1989.  Party politics and elections in Latin America.  Boulder:  Westview Press.

Mujeres latinoamericanas en cifras:  Cuba.  1992.  Madrid; Santiago:  Instituto de la Mujer; FLACSO.

Munro, Dana Gardner.  1974.  The United States and the Caribbean republics, 1921-1933.  Princeton:  Princeton University Press.

Musicant, Ivan.  1990.  The banana wars:  a history of United States military intervention in Latin America from the Spanish-America War to the invasion of Panama.  New York:  Macmillan Publishing Company.

Nickson, R. Andrew.  1995.  Local government in Latin America.  Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Nohlen, Dieter.  1993a.  Enciclopedia electoral latinoamericana y del caribe.  San Jose:  IIDH.  (Spanish edition of Nohlen 1993b).

Nohlen, Dieter.  1993b.  Handbuch der Wahldaten Lateinamerikas und der Karibik.  Opladen: Leske + Budrich.   (German edition of Nohlen 1993a).

NotiCen:  Central & Caribbean political & economic affairs, including Cuba.  Latin American Data Base.

Órganos de poder popular:  documentos rectores para la experiencia de Matanzas.  1974.  La Habana:  Editorial Orbe.  Not reviewed. 

Osterling, Jorge P.  1987.  "The society and its environment."   Cuba:  a country study.  1987.  Washington, D.C.:  Department of the Army.  Third edition, 1985, first printing 1987.  Pages 63-107.

Pardo Suárez, Vicente.  1923.  La elección presidencial en Cuba.  Habana.

La participación en Cuba y los retos del futuro.  1996.  La Habana:  Centro de Estudios sobre América.

Paterson, Thomas G.  1994.  Contesting Castro:  the United States and the triumph of the Cuban Revolution.  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Pérez, Louis A., Jr.  1973.  "The military and electoral politics:  the Cuban election of 1920."  Military affairs 37, 1:5-8 (February 1973).

Pérez, Louis A., Jr.  1978.  Intervention, revolution, and politics in Cuba, 1913-1921.  Pittsburgh:  University of Pittsburgh Press.

Pérez, Louis A., Jr.  1983.  Cuba between empires, 1878-1902.  Pittsburgh:  University of Pittsburgh Press.

Pérez, Louis A., Jr.  1986.  Cuba under the Platt Amendment, 1902-1934.  Pittsburgh:  University of Pittsburgh Press.

Pérez, Louis A., Jr.  1993.  "Cuba, c.1930-1959."   Cuba:  a short history.  1993.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.  Pages 57-93.

Pérez, Louis A., Jr.  1995.  Cuba:  between reform and revolution.  New York:  Oxford University Press.  Second edition.

Pérez, Louis A., Jr.  1999.  On becoming Cuban:  identity, nationality, and culture.  Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press. 

Pérez-Stable, Marifeli.  1990.  "Socialism and democracy:  some thoughts after 30 years."  Transformation and struggle:  Cuba faces the 1990s.  1990.  New York:  Praeger.   Pages 21-34.

Pérez-Stable, Marifeli.  1993.  "'We are the only ones and there is no alternative."  Conflict and change in Cuba.  1993.  Albuquerque:  University of New Mexico Press.  Pages 67-85.

Pérez-Stable, Marifeli.  1993a.  The Cuban revolution:  origins, course, and legacy.  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Pérez-Stable, Marifeli.  1997.  "The invisible crisis:  the exhaustion of politics in 1990s Cuba." 

Toward a new Cuba?  Legacies of a revolution.  1997.  Boulder:  Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.  Pages 25-38.

Pérez-Stable, Marifeli.  1999.  The Cuban revolution:  origins, course, and legacy.  New York:  Oxford University Press.  Second edition, includes new chapter.

Political participation in Latin America.  1978.  New York:  Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc.  Volume I:  Citizen and state.

Political parties in the third world.  1988.  London:  SAGE Publications Ltd.

Prevost, Gary.  2002.  "Cuba." Vanden, Harry E. and Gary Prevost.  2002.  Politics of Latin America:  the power game.  New York:  Oxford University Press.  Pages 324-355.

Problems of democracy in Latin America. 1996.  Stockholm:  Institute of Latin American Studies, Stockholm University.

Problems of the new Cuba:  report of the Commission on Cuban Affairs.  1935.  New York:  Foreign Policy Association.

El proceso electoral en Cuba:  1992-1998.  1998.  La Habana:  Sección de Información Cientifica del Centro de Estudios sobre América.  "(C)ompilación de los principales artículos publicados en la prensa cubana sobre el proceso electoral y su perfeccionamiento" (introduction).

Rabkin, Rhoda P.  1991.  Cuban politics:  the revolutionary experiment.  New York:  Praeger, Hoover Institution Press.

Reed, Gail.  1992.  Island in the storm:  the Cuban Communist Party's Fourth Congress.  Melbourne, Australia:  Ocean Press, Center for Cuban Studies.

Riera Hernández, Mario.  1953.  Cincuenta y dos años de política:  Oriente, 1900-1952.  La Habana. 

Riera, Mario.  1955.  Cuba política, 1899-1955.  La Habana:  Impresora Modelo, S.A.

Riera Hernández, Mario.  1968.  Cuba libre:  1895-1958.  Miami:  Colonial Press of Miami, Inc.

Riera Hernández, Mario.  1974.  Cuba repúblicana:  1899-1958.  Miami:  Editorial AIP.

Robinson, Craig H.  1987.  "Government and politics." Cuba:  a country study.  1987.  Washington, D.C.:  Department of the Army.  Third edition, 1985, first printing 1987.  Pages 157-224.

Roman, Peter.  1987.  "A preliminary report on the October 1986 municipal elections in Cuba."  Socialism and democracy  5:89-102 (fall/winter 1987).

Roman, Peter.  1993.  "Representative government in socialist Cuba."  Latin American perspectives 20, 1:7-27 (winter 1993).

Roman, Peter.  1994.  The Cuban municipal assembly:  local representative government under socialism.  Princeton:  Princeton University.  Unpublished dissertation. 

Roman, Peter.  1999.  People's power:  Cuba's experiment with representative government.  Boulder:  Westview Press.

Rowe, L.S.  1904.  "The reorganization of local government in Cuba."  Proceedings of the American Political Science Association 1:164-175 (1904).

Saxberg, Kelly.  1989.  Women and power structures in Cuba and Nicaragua.  Winnipeg:  University of Manitoba.  Unpublished master's thesis. 

Schroeder, Susan.  1982.  Cuba:  a handbook of historical statistics.  Boston:  G.K. Hall & Co.

Seminario sobre elecciones y derechos humanos en Cuba y América Latina:  24-25 de noviembre de 1997, Centro Capitolio de La Habana. 1998.  San José:  Instituto Interamericano de Derechos Humanos.  Not reviewed.

Simons, Geoff.  1996.  Cuba:  from conquistador to Castro.  New York:  St. Martin's Press.

Sims, Harold.  1992.  "Cuba." Latin America between the Second World War and the Cold War, 1944-1948.  1992.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.  Pages 217-242.

Sistemas electorales y representación política en Latinoamérica.  1986.  Madrid:  Fundación Friedrich Ebert, Instituto de Cooperación Iberoamericana.  Two volumes.

Smith, Lois M. and Alfred Padula.  1996.  Sex and revolution:  women in socialist Cuba.  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Statistical abstract of Latin America.  Los Angeles:  Latin American Center, University of California, Los Angeles.

Stoner, K. Lynn.  1991.  From the house to the streets:  the Cuban woman's movement for legal reform, 1898-1940.  Durham:  Duke University Press.

Suárez, Andrés. 1967.  Cuba:  Castroism and Communism, 1959-1966.  Cambridge:  The M.I.T. Press. 

Suárez Hernández, Georgina.  1991.  "Political leadership in Cuba:  background and current projections."  Latin American perspectives 18, 2:55-68 (spring 1991).

Suárez Hernández, Georgina.  1992.  "Political leadership in Cuba."  The Cuban revolution into the 1990s:  Cuban perspectives.  1992.  Boulder:  Westview Press.  "Edited by Centro de Estudios Sobre América."  Pages 47-60. 

Suchlicki, Jaime.  1997.  Cuba:  from Columbus to Castro and beyond.  Washington:  Brassey's.  Fourth edition.

Suchlicki, Jaime. 2000.  "Castro's Cuba:  continuity instead of change." Cuba:  the contours of change.  2000.  Boulder:  Lynne Rienner Publishers.  Pages 57-79.

Sznajder, Mario and Luis Roniger.  2001.  Politics, social ethos and identity in contemporary Cuba.   Jerusalem:  the Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 

Tarragó, Rafael.  1996.  Experiencias políticas de los cubanos en la Cuba española:  1512-1898.  Barcelona:  Puvill Libros, S.A.

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