Elections and Events 1994-1995

1994

January

Grayson 1994: "Of the 500 members of the Chamber of Deputies, only 40 are women [gives party breakdown]. Only a handful of women serve in the 60-member senate [gives party and name of each]" (page 47).

The 1994 Mexican election: a question of credibility 1994: "The Pact for Peace, Justice and Democracy, a January 27 agreement of all of the main political parties contending for the presidency, includes the following among the essential conditions for credible elections in August: the impartiality of electoral authorities, the reliability of the voter registry,...and the punishment of those who violate the electoral laws" (page 7).

Vázquez-Gómez 1997: The "Tratado de Libre Comercio" between Mexico, Canada, and the United States goes into effect on January 1, 1994 (page 153).

Chiapas

Country profile. Mexico 1995-96: "(O)n January 1, 1994, a peasant and Indian army calling itself the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (Zapatista National Liberation Army) started an uprising in Chiapas to demand ‘democracy, land, food, housing and justice’" (page 5).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: On January 18, 1994 in Chiapas the "gobernador interino Elmar Setzer renunció al cargo y en su lugar el Congreso estatal eligió al priísta Javier López Moreno" (page 56).

March

Keesing’s record of world events March 1994: "Mexico’s political system was plunged into crisis on March 23 by the assassination of the presidential candidate of the embattled ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Luis Donaldo Colosio" (page 39904).

Local elections

Morelos

Arroyo 1992: Elections for governor, municipal councils, and state deputies will be held in Morelos in March 1994 (page 229).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: On March 19, 1994 in Morelos "Se realizaron las elecciones estatales para elegir gobernador, 25 diputados locales y 33 presidentes municipales. La jornada se caracterizó por la escasa afluencia de votantes e irregularidades denunciadas por la oposición" (page 377).

May

Elections in Mexico: third report 1994: "The one event that appeared to increase confidence [in the credibility of the electoral process] was the unprecedented televised debate among the three main presidential candidates (PRI, PAN, PRD) on May 12" (page 8).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: The presidential candidates of the PRI, PAN, and PRD debate on May 12, 1994. "Cerca de 40 milliones de mexicanos siguieron de cerca el debate que se difundió por radio y televisión" (page 153).

June

Elections in Mexico: third report 1994: "In response to the tense climate, a diverse group of fifty intellectuals and political leaders organized themselves out of concern that the results of the election may be questioned. Calling themselves the ‘Grupo de San Angel,’ on June 29, they issued a public declaration, ‘La Hora de la Democracia,’ in which they committed themselves to work toward clean elections and to develop an agenda to promote a post-electoral transition to democratic modernization" (page 10).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: On June 9, 1994 "Se creó el Grupo San Ángel. Lo integraron intelectuales y políticos preocupados por la transición democrática del país" (page 158). On June 30, 1994 "El IFE entregó a los partidos políticos la lista nominal de electores definitiva, 45 millones 729 mil 057 ciudadanos con fotocredencial para votar. Fue aprobada la instalación de 96,438 casillas electorales" (page 163).

August 21: Federal election (Zedillo Ponce de León / PRI)

Aguilar 1994: "Elecciones presidenciales, 1994 (porcentajes)" (page 257). Gives percent of vote for PAN, PRI, PRD, and "otros" by state. "Elecciones presidenciales, 1994: votación priísta (votos validos)" (page 258). Gives number of votes and percent of vote by state. "Resultados de las elecciones presidenciales, 1994" (page 266). Gives number of votes and percent of vote for each presidential candidate. "Las ocho entidades federativas con mayor presencia del PRI: elecciones federales, 1994 (porcentajes)" (page 266). Gives percent of vote by region and state. "Las ocho entidades federativas con mayor presencia del PAN: elecciones federales, 1994 (porcentajes)" (page 267). Gives percent of vote by region and state. "Las ocho entidades federativas con mayor presencia del PRD: elecciones federales, 1994 (porcentajes)." Gives percent of vote by region and state. "Lista nominal definitiva, 1994" (page 271). Gives number of registered voters for each state.

Análisis del proceso federal electoral (1994) 1995: Analyzes the August 21, 1994 federal elections for the Chamber of Deputies in each state and the D.F.

Arredondo Ramírez 1995: "A partir de las elecciones del 21 de agosto, Jalisco se consolidó como uno de los estados panistas más importantes de la República" (page 219). Tables give number of votes and percent of vote for PAN, PRI, and PRD in elections for president, senate, and chamber of deputies in Jalisco (page 239).

Bailey 1994: "The principal issue is the credibility of the election process itself, which includes the presidency, Chamber of Deputies and three-fourths of the Senate. At the same time elections will be held in six states and in the Federal District. The Mexican government has invested enormous energy and sums of money to create complex machinery and procedures designed to ensure clean elections" (page 1).

Bailey 1994a: "Presidential and Chamber of Deputies Vote Distribution" (page 18). Gives percent of vote for each party in each election. "Mexico: 1994 Presidential Elections--Selected States" (page 21). Gives valid votes and percent of vote for PRI, PAN, and PRD in six states and the Federal District.

Baloyra Herp 1994: "(L)a convocatoria del 21 de agosto de 1994 era para (1) elegir a un nuevo presidente, por voto directo y mayoría relativa; (2) renovar la totalidad de la Camara de Diputados, con 300 electos por voto directo y mayoría relativa en distritos uninominales, y 200 por representación proporcional, entre listas de partidos en cinco circunscripciones regionales plurinominales, todos por un periódo de tres años; (3) elegir a tres senadores, dos por mayoría relativa y uno asignado a la primera minoría, por cada una de las treinta y dos entidades federales; y (4) para elegir a 66 miembros de la Asamblea del Distrito Federal y sus suplentes--40 por mayoría relativa en distritos uninominales y 26 por representación proporcional abarcando un solo distrito plurinominal" (pages 14-15). Describes election procedures in detail. Gives total of registered voters, total who applied for the election credential, number of electoral divisions, and number of voters in each section (page 16). "México: resultados electorales, elecciones presidenciales agosto, 1994" (page 28). "México: resultados electorales para senadores, agosto, 1994" (page 29). "México: resultados electorales para la cámara federal de diputados en mayoría relativa, agosto, 1994" (page 30).

Casar 1995: Gives number and percent of votes for PRI, PAN, and PRD (page 14). "Chamber of deputies 1994 election" (page 15). Gives seats won by PRI, PAN, PRD, and PT. "Senate 1994 election." Gives seats won by PRI, PAN, and PRD.

Castellanos Hernández 1996: "Resultados de la elección de presidente en 1994. Por entidad federativa" (pages 539-542). "Resultados de la elección de senadores en 1994. Por entidad federativa" (pages 543-545). "Resultados de la elección de diputados por el principio de mayoría relativa en 1994. Por entidad federativa" (pages 546-549). "Resultados de la elección de diputados federales de representación proporcional en 1994. Por circunscripción plurinominal" (pages 550-553).

Centro de Estadística y Documentación Electoral, UAM-I 1994: Numerous tables give the results of the 1994 election by state, with the number of votes and percent of vote for each party (pages 53-57). Additional tables give the number of votes and percent of vote by district for the states of Sonora, Tabasco, Chiapas, Jalisco, Veracruz, Guanajuato, Nuevo León, and Michoacán (pages 58-60).

Country profile. Mexico 1995-96: "Following the August 1994 elections the PRI holds 95 seats in the newly enlarged 128-member Senate. The PAN has 25 and the PRD eight seats" (page 5).

Decisión ciudadana 1994 1994: "Las elecciones de senadores de la república" (pages 61-97). Discusses the candidates for PRI, PAN, and PRD in each state and gives the number of votes and percent of vote for each party in each state. "Las elecciones de diputados federales" (begins page 99, rest is unpaged). Lists the candidates in each state and gives the number of votes and percent of vote for each party in 300 electoral districts.

Foweraker 1995: Discusses the 1994 federal elections and gives numerous tables reflecting the results.

Garavito Elías 1994: "Votación para presidente por entidad federativa, 1994" (page 27).

Grayson 1994: Election is for president, 500 deputies to the national Chamber of Deputies, 96 senators, and local elections in the D.F., Campeche, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, and Sonora (page 7).

Huchim Koyoc 1995: All tables are for Yucatán. "Resultados (acumulados del estado) comparados de las tres elecciones de 1994" (page 417). Gives number of votes for each party. "Resultados (acumulados del estado) comparados en porcentajes." Gives percent of vote for each party. "Elección de diputados de mayoría, Yucatán, 1994" (page 418). "Elección de senadores, Yucatán, 1994" (page 419). "Elección de presidente de la república, Yucatán, 1994" (page 420).

Instituto Federal Electoral 1995: Chapter I ("Concentrados nacionales de resultados de las elecciones federales de 1994") includes the results of the elections for president, senate, and chamber of deputies at the national and state levels and the election for representatives to the Asamblea del Distrito Federal at the district level (pages 13-64). Chapter II ("Resultados de las elecciones federales de 1994 por entidad federativa a nivel de distrito electoral y municipio") includes the results of the elections for president, senate, and chamber of deputies for each state at the district and municipal levels (pages 65-1326). Chapter III ("Resultados de las elecciones federales extraordinarias") includes the results of the extraordinary elections held in district IV in Puebla and district XXII in Veracruz (pages 1327-1344).

Keesing’s record of world events August 1994: "Mexican election results. Presidential elections. Congressional elections" (page 40136). Gives percent of vote won by each candidate and null and blank votes. "After discounting null and blank votes, Zedillo’s vote was officially adjusted to 50.18 per cent of the total." Gives seats won by PRI, PAN, and PRD in the Senate and in the Chamber of Deputies.

Keesing’s record of world events September 1994: "Final distribution of seats in Mexican Congress" (page 40716). Gives seats held by PRI, PAN, PRD, and PT in the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Includes 31 PRI senators and one PAN senator elected in August 1991 mid-term elections.

Landeros Carrillo 1995: Tables give results of 1994 federal elections for president, senate, and chamber of deputies in each district in Zacatecas (pages 321-322).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: "Elecciones federales 1994. Resultados definitivos según cómputos distritales" (page 202-206). Gives number of votes and percent of vote for each party in each election, valid votes, null votes, and total votes.

Marín López 1995: Discusses and gives results of the 1994 federal election in Durango.

Pacheco Méndez 1995: "Elecciones federales de 1994 presidente de la república" (page 168). Total votes for candidates of PRI, PAN, and PRD. "Elecciones presidenciales de 1994" (page 177). Gives for each state the number of votes for candidates of PRI, PAN, and PRD.

Peschard 1995: "Votación en el Distrito Federal, 1994 (%)" (page 340). Gives percent of vote for each party in each federal race.

Pizarro Chávez 1995: "Resultados presidenciales finales de los cuatro partidos más importantes del país" (page 301). Gives percent of vote for PAN, PRI, PRD, and PT in the 1994 federal elections in each state. "Resultados globales de la elección del 21 de agosto de 1994" (page 302). Gives number of votes and percent of vote won by PAN, PRI, PRD, and PT in each race in the federal elections. "Diputación de mayoría relativa 1994." Gives number of votes and percent of vote for PRI, PAN, PRD, and PT in each district in Chihuahua. "Porcentaje de votación PRI-PAN por distrito 1994" (page 311). Gives percent of vote in each district.

Regalado 1996: Describes the issues surrounding the 1994 election (pages 152-168).

Reyes del Campillo 1996a: "Resultados electorales: elección presidencial 1994" (page 6). Gives number of votes and percent of vote for PRI, PAN, PRD, and PT in states where governors will be elected in 1994-1995.

Rivera Velázquez 1995: "Resultados de la elección presidencial de 1994 en Michoacán por distrito electoral" (page 215). Gives for each state district the registered voters, percent who voted, number of votes and percent of vote for PAN, PRI, PRD, and others, total valid votes, null votes, and total votes cast.

Stansfield 1996: Describes the 1994 election (pages 138-142) and gives the results of the presidential and congressional races.

Yescas 1995: "1994: eleccion presidencial: integrantes del padrón electoral y votantes por distrito" (page 380). Gives for each district in Oaxaca the registered voters, voters, and number of votes for PAN, PRI, FDN, PDM, and PRT. "1994: elección para diputados de mayoría integrantes del padrón electoral y votantes por distrito" (page 382). Gives for each district in Oaxaca the registered voters, voters, and number of votes for PAN, PRI, FDN, PDM, and PRT. "1994: eleccion para diputados de representación proporcional integrantes del padrón electoral y votantes por distrito" (page 384). Gives for each district in Oaxaca the registered voters, voters, and number of votes for PAN, PRI, FDN, PDM, and PRT.

Local elections

Chiapas

Crespo 1995: Elections for governor of Chiapas are held August 21, 1994 (page 286).

Keesing’s record of world events August 1994: "Thousands demonstrated peacefully in [Chiapas] on August 27 to demand that Amado Avendaño Figueroa, the PRD’s candidate, be recognized as the Governor-elect...[The EZLN] stated in an Aug.25 communiqué that massive fraud had prevented Avendaño’s election and that he had defeated [the] PRI candidate..., officially declared the winner with 50.46 per cent of the vote (to Avendaño’s 39.40 per cent), ‘by as much as two to one’" (page 40137).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: The PRI candidate for governor, Eduardo Robledo Rincón, wins the election in Chiapas on August 21, 1994 (page 64).

Valdés V. 1997: Gives the results of the gubernatorial election in Chiapas in 1994 (pages 99-100).

Distrito Federal

Grayson 1997: "Results of 1994 ARDF election" (page 60). Gives seats won by each party.

Peschard 1995: "Votación y composición de la ARDF, 1994" (page 342). Gives percent of vote and seats won by each party in the election for the Asamblea de Representantes del Distrito Federal. "Votación de los principales partidos, 1994 (%)" (page 346). Gives percent of vote for each party in each district of the Distrito Federal in the ARDF election..

Nuevo León

Rodríguez and Ward 1996: After the August 21, 1994 elections in Nuevo León, "in the state Congress the PAN now holds a majority, and in the municipal elections it won six out of 51 municipalities, adding three to the three that it already held...Most dramatically of all, it ‘won’ the city of Monterrey itself" (pages 110-111). Gives the number of votes for the PRI and PAN candidates.

September

Keesing’s record of world events September 1994: "On Sept. 28 José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, secretary-general of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), was shot in the neck as he got into his car in central Mexico City; he later died of his wounds" (page 40176). "The Financial Times of Sept. 23 reported that the federal election tribunal had annulled the municipal election results in Monterrey, capital of the northern state of Nuevo León, because of ballot rigging. The tribunal ruling gave control of the city to the PAN instead of the PRI" (page 40177).

November

Crespo 1995: Elections in November include "las municipales de Veracruz, celebradas el 13 de noviembre, y el de Tlaxcala, para renovar municipios, y de Tabasco para gobernador, ambos celebrados el día 20 del mismo mes" (page 287).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: On November 8, 1994 "Después de un proceso de intensas y largas discusiones, la Cámara de Diputados, erigida en Colegio Electoral y con 298 votos a favor (PRI y PT), 66 en contra (PRD) y 120 abstenciones (PAN y PT), declaró a Ernesto Zedillo presidente electo de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (page 181).

Local elections

Keesing’s record of world events November 1994: "Local elections held on Nov. 13 in the eastern coastal state of Veracruz resulted in gains for both main opposition parties. Preliminary results indicated that the...PAN had gained control of five municipalities, including the city of Veracruz, while the PRD won control of 20 municipalities. Elections for the post of governor and local offices were held in...Tabasco on Nov. 20. Roberto Madrazo, the PRI candidate and member of the reformist wing of the party, was the clear winner in the contest for the governorship... Elections for the post of mayor in 44 municipalities in the state of Tlaxcala were also held on Nov. 21, under new legislation introduced by the state congress which instituted revised electoral procedures" (pages 40272-40273).

Guanajuato

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: On November 15, 1994 "Luego de tres años de espera, y con la votación en contra de los diputados locales del PAN, se aprobó la iniciativa para convocar a elecciones extraordinarias a gobernador, a realizarse el 28 de mayo de 1995" (page 385).

Oaxaca

Clarke 1996: Zárate Aquino is inaugurated as governor of Oaxaca in November 1994 and orders the army to impose order in "‘municipios’ where opponents of the PRI had claimed that recent elections were fraudulent [lists names, including Juchitán and others in the isthmus of Tehuantepec]" (page 274).

Tabasco

Almada Mireles 1995: Describes the November 1994 local elections in Tabasco for governor, municipal councils, and state deputies, gives results (page 77), and provides tables documenting voting irregularities (pages 81-82).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: In Tabasco on November 20, 1994 "Se realizaron elecciones para gobernador, diputados locales y presidencias municipales" (page 381). "Para denunciar irregularidades en las elecciones...el PRD y su candidato a la gubernatura, Manuel López Obrador, emprendieron la Caravana por la Democracia hacia la ciudad de México, exigiendo anulación de los comicios."

Curzio Gutiérrez 1996: Discusses and gives the results of the November 20, 1994 elections in Tabasco for governor, municipal councils, and state deputies. "Resultados electorales de la elección a gobernador Tabasco 1994 (porcentajes)" (page 22). Gives results by municipality.

Tlaxcala

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: Municipal elections are held in Tlaxcala on November 20, 1994 (page 383). "De acuerdo con cifras preliminares del Instituto Estatal Electoral, el PRI ganó 39 municipios, el PAN tres y el PRD dos. Se reconoció que hubo un abstencionismo del 50.9 por ciento."

Veracruz

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: Municipal elections are held in Veracruz on November 13, 1994. Preliminary results released by the Comisión Estatal Electoral and political parties give PRI 155 municipalities, PRD 23, PAN 19, PFCRN 4, PPS 3, PT 3, and PDM 1 (page 380).

December

Peeler 1998: "Zedillo was no sooner inaugurated than a massive selloff hit the Mexican peso in December 1994" (page 123).

Guanajuato

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: Municipal elections are held on December 4, 1994 in Guanajuato (page 386). "La Comisión Estatal Electoral dio a conocer los resultados definitivos: el PRI obtuvo 36 alcaldías, el PAN seis, el PRD dos y el PARM dos. El abstencionismo se estimó en 55 por ciento."

Rionda 1996: Discusses the December 4, 1994 municipal elections in Guanajuato and gives results (pages 28-29).

San Luis Potosí

Crespo 1995: "En los comicios municipales de San Luis Potosí, celebrados el 4 de diciembre [1994], el PAN impugnó los resultados de dieciseis municipios...En Guanajuato también hubo elecciones municipales esa misma fecha, y también se registraron algunas incomformidades y movilizaciones de protesta" (page 289).

Los límites rotos: anuario político 1995: In San Luis Potosí on December 4, 1994 "Se realizaron elecciones para renovar 55 presidencias municipales con un índice de abstencionismo de alrededor del 70 por ciento y con la denuncia de los partidos de oposición sobre múltiples irregularidades... Datos preliminares del Consejo Estatal Electoral determinaron el triunfo del PRI en 47 municipios, del PAN en seis y del PARM en uno" (page 384).

1995

Peeler 1998: "(T)he Zedillo government...sought and secured, in January 1995, a pact with the principal opposition parties to guarantee the credibility of future elections. Although the pact was nothing more than a mechanism for consultation and negotiation among the parties concerning alleged electoral irregularities, it represented a major step toward political accommodation for Mexico...Elections in Tabasco in January and Jalisco in February raised serious questions about the fairness of the processes, and in May the PAN captured the governorship of Guanajuato and came so close to victory in Yucatán as to make accusations of fraud quite credible" (page 124).

Reyes del Campillo 1996a: ""Elecciones de gobernador 1994-1995" (page 6). Gives number of votes and percent of vote for PRI, PAN, PRD, and PT in states where governors are elected in 1994-1995. Discusses gubernatorial elections in each of these states.

Rodríguez 1997: "More recently, both the PAN and the PRD have won important victories in the South, not just in small municipalities, but in state capitals. In addition to Puebla and Veracruz, both Oaxaca and Tuxtla Gutiérrez were won by the PAN in 1995, while the PRD continued to expand its presence in the smaller municipalities" (page 56).

February

Chiapas

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On February 14, 1995 the governor of Chiapas, Eduardo Robledo Rincón, asks for an eleven-month leave of absence (page 26).

Jalisco

Alonso 1995: Discusses in detail the February 1995 local elections in Jalisco and gives results (pages 99-194).

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On February 12, 1995 "Se llevaron a cabo elecciones en el estado de Jalisco para renovar la gubernatura, el Congreso local y las 124 alcaldías. El Consejo Electoral Estatal dio a conocer los primeros resultados de la elección para gobernador: PAN, 54.46%; PRI, 35.90% y PRD, 3.92%. Asimismo, el PAN tendría asegurada la mayoría en el Congreso con por lo menos 15 de las 20 diputaciones y tendría victorias en 44 de las 124 presidencias municipales...En el proceso electoral participó el 75% de los jaliscienses inscritos en las listas nominales" (page 219). Gives election statistics (page 233).

Keesing’s record of world events February 1995: "The...PRI suffered the biggest electoral defeat in its history, losing control of the central state of Jalisco in gubernatorial elections held on Feb. 12. The...PAN emerged as the winner of the gubernatorial election. Also elected at the same time were 124 mayors and 34 state assembly deputies" (page 40401).

Reyes del Campillo 1996a: Discusses and gives the results of the gubernatorial election in Jalisco in February 1995 (page 7).

Rodríguez 1997: "In the other most conservative state with a strong labor union tradition, Jalisco, the PAN [in 1995] swept the state, taking not only the governorship but also the legislature and most municipalities, including the second most important metropolitan region in the country, Guadalajara" (page 56).

March

San Luis Potosí

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On March 5, 1995 "Se llevaron a cabo elecciones extraordinarias en dos ayuntamientos de San Luis Potosí, diferidas de las elecciones realizadas el 4 de diciembre de 1994. El Consejo Estatal Electoral informó que el PRI recuperó la presidencia municipal de la capital del estado, gobernada por el PAN en las dos últimas administraciones" (page 219).

May

Keesing’s record of world events May 1995: "The...PRI suffered a further heavy defeat when it lost an independently monitored election for the governorship of the central state of Guanajuato on May 28. A narrow PRI victory in the simultaneous gubernatorial election in Yucatán was denounced as fraudulent by the opposition" (page 40543). Gives percent of vote for PRI and PAN in each election.

Guanajuato

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: The special gubernatorial election in Guanajuato on May 28, 1995 gives Vicente Fox of the PAN 59.8% of the vote against 30.7% for the PRI candidate (page 221).

Reyes del Campillo 1996a: Discusses and gives the results of the gubernatorial election in Guanajuato in May 1995 (page 8).

Rionda 1996: Discusses the May 28, 1995 special election for governor of Guanajuato.

Rodríguez 1997: "Guanajuato, the ‘cuna de la Independencia’ (cradle of independence), has been the PAN’s bedrock; it is now governed by the controversial Vicente Fox, who, having ‘lost’ in 1991, won an easy victory" (page 56).

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico May 31, 1995: PAN candidate Vicente Fox Quesada wins the Guanajuato gubernatorial election on May 28, 1995.

Yucatán

Aguilar Laviada 1996: Discusses the May 28, 1995 elections in Yucatán for governor, state deputies, and municipal councils and gives results (page 42).

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On May 28, 1995 "Se realizaron elecciones para gobernador, diputados locales y presidencias municipales en Yucatán" (page 221). Gives results of each race (page 233).

Reyes del Campillo 1996a: Discusses and gives the results of the gubernatorial election in Yucatán in May 1995 (page 8).

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico February 15, 1995: "The decision to hold a new election in Yucatán [on May 28, 1995] is the outcome of a compromise reached between PRI and PAN. The PAN claimed massive fraud in a previous gubernatorial election in November 1993."

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico May 31, 1995: PRI wins gubernatorial election in Yucatán on May 28, 1995.

July

Chihuahua

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On July 9, 1995 "En Chihuahua se realizaron elecciones para renovar 18 diputaciones locales y 67 alcaldías. Se informó que la jornada electoral se desarrolló sin incidentes y que la participación ciudadana fue de alredor de 50%" (page 223). Gives results (page 234).

Durango

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On July 2, 1995 "Se llevaron a cabo votaciones en Durango para elegir 15 diputados y 39 alcaldes, con una votación de entre 40 y 50% del padrón" (pages 222-223). Gives results (page 234).

August

Keesing’s record of world events August 1995: "In elections on Aug. 6 the...PAN retained the governorship of Baja California state..., securing over 50 per cent of votes cast...The electorate of Baja California state also voted to fill 25 seats in the state legislature, and on the same day elections were held to the local legislatures of Zacatecas, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Aguascalientes" (page 40673).

Aguascalientes

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies and municipal councils are held on August 6, 1995 in Aguascalientes (page 224). Gives results (page 235).

Zanella Figueroa 1996: "Perfil del voto del 6 de agosto de 1995 (anexo estadístico)" (pages 125-155). Gives results of election at district level.

Baja California

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for governor, local deputies, and municipal councils are held on August 6, 1995 in Baja California with an estimated 75% voter participation (page 224). Gives results (page 234). Gives number of votes for top three gubernatorial candidates (page 257).

Negrete Mata 1996: Discusses and gives the results of the 1995 local elections in Baja California.

Reyes del Campillo 1996a: Discusses and gives the results of the gubernatorial election in Baja California in August 1995 (page 8).

Rodríguez 1997: "In Baja California, in what many anticipated would be an extremely close election on the basis of the results of the 1994 presidential election, the PAN also managed by a considerable margin to retain the governorship, control of the state legislature and the city of Tijuana, and to win, for the first time, the state capital, Mexicali" (page 56).

Oaxaca

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies are held on August 6, 1995 in Oaxaca (page 224). Gives results (page 235).

Veracruz

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies are held in Veracruz on August 6, 1995 (page 224).

Zacatecas

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies and municipal councils are held on August 6, 1995 in Zacatecas (page 224). Gives results (page 236).

October

Chiapas

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies and municipal councils are held on October 15, 1995 in Chiapas, with PAN winning the capital and an abstention rate of 40% (page 226). Gives results (page 236).

Peeler 1998: "In October 1995, the EZLN called for abstention in the state elections, and indeed the abstention rate was notably high. One result was that the PAN (not notable for its strength in Chiapas) won the mayoralty in the capital city, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, and the PRI saw its statewide percentage drop from over 90 percent to about 55 percent" (page 122).

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico October 25, 1995: Discusses and gives the results of the October 1995 election in Chiapas for municipal councils and state deputies. The last elections were in 1991 for municipal councils and state deputies and in August 1994 for governor. Several of this year’s municipal elections were postponed to November 5.

Valdés V. 1997: Discusses and gives the results of the October 1995 elections in Chiapas (page 100).

November

Keesing’s record of world events November 1995: "Elections were held on Nov. 12 in six states and in Mexico City. The...PRI retained its overall dominance, although the...PAN and the...PRD both increased their local representation. Since the beginning of the year the PAN had increased the number of its mayors from 118 to 218 and the number of state deputies from 171 to 240. The number of municipal councils controlled by the PRD had risen from 71 to 165" (page 40816). Gives percent of vote in Michoacán gubernatorial race for PRI, PRD, and PAN. "Elections were also held in Puebla, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Oaxaca and Tlaxcala. In Mexico City candidates stood on a non-party basis for the newly created post of Citizens’ Advisers."

Distrito Federal

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On November 12, 1995 "Se realizó la elección de 365 consejeros ciudadanos en el Distrito Federal, en las primeras votaciones en la capital del país sin la participación directa de los partidos políticos. Se estimó un abstencionismo superior al 80% y se informó de hechos violentos aislados" (page 227).

Michoacán

Amezcua 1997: Special election for governor is held in conjunction with other local elections on November 12, 1995 and is won by the PRI candidate (page 179).

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for governor, local deputies, and municipal councils are held in Michoacán on November 12, 1995 (page 227). Gives results (page 236).

Reyes del Campillo 1996a: Discusses and gives the results of the gubernatorial election in Michoacán in November 1995 (pages 9-10).

Oaxaca

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for municipal councils are held in Oaxaca on November 12, 1995. "(D)e los 570 ayuntamientos, sólo en 162 se realizaron elecciones en forma directa (por votación); en los otros 408 municipios se hizo por el proceso de usos y costumbres" (page 227). Gives results (page 238).

Puebla

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies and municipal councils are held in Puebla on November 12, 1995 (page 227). Gives results (page 237).

Sinaloa

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies and municipal councils are held in Sinaloa on November 12, 1995 (page 227). Gives results (page 237).

Tamaulipas

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies and municipal councils are held in Tamaulipas on November 12, 1995 (page 227). Gives results (page 237).

Tlaxcala

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: Elections for local deputies are held in Tlaxcala on November 12, 1995 (page 227). Gives results (page 238).

December

Chiapas

El año del vacío: anuario político 1996: On December 28, 1995 "En sesión extraordinaria, el Congreso de Chiapas aprobó, por unanimidad, la formación de un concejo provisional en Ocosingo, que habría de tomar posesión el primero de enero de 1996 y tendría como principal objetivo preparar los comicios a efectuarse a finales de 1996" (pages 229-230).