Elections and Events 1996-1998

1996

Rodríguez 1998: "Municipal governments, by party and state, 1996" (page 177) (Also in Rodríguez 1997 page 55).

February

Baja California Sur

La república de Babel: anuario político 1997: On February 4, 1996 "Se realizaron elecciones en Baja California Sur para elegir cinco presidentes municipales y 15 diputados de mayoría relativa" (page 199). Gives number of municipalities and deputies won by PRI and PAN.

Hidalgo

La república de Babel: anuario político 1997: On February 18, 1996 elections for local deputies are held in Hidalgo. Abstention is 60% and PRI wins all seats (pages 200-201).

Quintana Roo

La república de Babel: anuario político 1997: On February 18, 1996 elections for local deputies and municipal councils are held in Quintana Roo. Abstention is 60% and PRI wins 14 deputies to PAN’s one (pages 200-201).

March

Amezcua 1997: The governor of Guerrero resigns as a result of the Aguas Blancas massacre and an interim governor is appointed (page 258).

October

Guerrero

Keesing’s record of world events October 1996: "Elections were held on Oct. 6 in the state of Guerrero for 76 mayoral posts and all 46 seats in the state legislature. These were the first elections held in Mexico since the introduction of electoral reform in July" (page 41312). Gives percent of vote for PRI, PRD, and PAN, municipalities won by PRI, seats in state assembly won by PRI, PRD, PAN, PT, and Cardenist Party, and voter turnout.

La república de Babel: anuario político 1997: On October 6, 1996 elections are held in Guerrero for 76 municipal councils and 46 local deputies. Abstention is between 50 and 60% (page 233). Gives municipalities and seats won by PRI, PAN, and PRD.

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico October 9, 1996: Discusses and gives the results of the October 1996 election in Guerrero for municipal councils and state deputies.

November

Keesing’s record of world events November 1996: "In municipal elections held on Nov. 10 in three states, the opposition made gains which were seen as a measure of the political impact of two years of economic crisis. In Mexico state...the...PAN won four and the...PRD one of the seven largest municipalities, although the PRI managed to retain control of the state legislature and of the largest city...In the central state of Hidalgo, the PRI reportedly kept control of the state legislature. It also retained control of the legislature in the north-eastern state of Coahuila; the PAN claimed victory in the three largest cities...but the PRI claimed that there were widespread voting irregularities in Saltillo and challenged the State Electoral Tribunal to declare invalid the PAN’s victory there" (page 41361).

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico November 13, 1996: Discusses and gives the results of the November elections in Coahuila (municipal councils and state deputies), Hidalgo (municipal councils), and México (state) (municipal councils and state deputies).

Coahuila

La república de Babel: anuario político 1997: Elections for municipal councils and local deputies are held in Coahuila on November 10, 1996 (pages 235-236). Gives number of registered voters, abstention rate, and number of municipalities won by PAN, PRI, and PRD.

Hidalgo

La república de Babel: anuario político 1997: Elections for municipal councils are held in Hidalgo on November 10, 1996 (page 235-236). Gives number of registered voters, abstention rate, and number of municipalities won by PAN, PRI, and PRD.

México (state)

La república de Babel: anuario político 1997: Elections for municipal councils and local deputies are held in México (state) on November 10, 1996 (pages 235-236). Gives number of registered voters, abstention rate, and number of municipalities won by PAN, PRI, and PRD.

1997

March

Morelos

Grayson 1997: The March 16 election in Morelos is for 15 deputies (by direct vote), 10 deputies (by proportional representation), and 33 mayors (page 9).

Keesing’s record of world events March 1997: "The...PRI was defeated in elections held on March 16 in the state of Morelos" (page 41535). Gives state congress seats won by PRI, PRD, PAN, and Morelos Civic Party. "More than half of the 33 municipalities also contested in the elections were reportedly won by the opposition."

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico March 19, 1997: Gives results of the March 16, 1997 election in Morelos for municipal councils and state deputies.

July: Federal election

Grayson 1997: "Mexico City voters will elect their mayor, officially known as the ‘Chief of Goverment of the Federal District,’ on July 6, 1997...This election of Mexico City’s mayor--in contrast to the office’s history as a presidential selection--represents one of a series of late-1996 changes to the Federal Electoral Code (COFIPE)" (page 1). Federal elections on July 6 will be for 300 seats (by direct vote) and 200 seats (by proportional representation) in the Chamber of Deputies and 32 senators (by proportional representation) (page 7). Elections in the Distrito Federal are for mayor and 40 assemblymen (by direct vote) and 26 assemblymen (by proportional representation). "The ARDF, which was transformed into the Legislative Assembly of the D.F. (ALDF) in 1997, enabled city residents to vote in a nonfederal election for the first time in six decades" (page 11).

Keesing’s record of world events July 1997: "The...PRI suffered its worst electoral defeats in 70 years on July 6 in mid-term congressional elections, gubernatorial elections and a contest for the mayorship of the capital, Mexico City. More than 70 per cent of voters reportedly participated in the elections which were widely believed to have been the fairest and most peaceful ever staged...The PRI, for the first time in its history, lost control of the 500-member Chamber of Deputies, the lower house of the bicameral legislature in which 300 seats were directly elected in electoral districts, and a further 200 allotted proportionately on the basis of the share of the vote achieved by each of the parties...Significantly, the elections also saw the PRD displace the PAN as the country’s main opposition party. Whilst the PAN won a slightly higher percentage of the national vote than the PRD, the latter won more electoral districts and finished with more seats in the Chamber of Deputies. The party which emerged fourth was the new Mexican Green Ecology Party" (page 41728). "Results of congressional elections July 6, 1997." Gives party, electoral districts won, percent of national vote, seats in chamber, and seats in senate. "In the simultaneous election for six state governorships...the PRI lost...Nuevo León and...Querétaro to the PAN. The PRD, second to the PRI in the state of Campeche, accused the PRI of fraud. In the first-ever election for the mayorship of Mexico City--replacing the powerful, presidentially-appointed Governor of the Federal District of Mexico City--the PRD’s Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano comfortably defeated the PRI’s Alfredo del Mazo and five other candidates."

Mora H. 1998: "Distribución de capitales del país por partido político" (page 74). Lists the capitals of each state and the party in power as of July 1997. "Durante los comicios del 6 de julio de 1997, fueron convocadas a elección la Jefatura de Gobierno del DF, así como su Asamblea de Representantes, 500 Diputados, 32 Senadores y 6 Gubernaturas (Campeche, Colima, Querétaro, Sonora, San Luis Potosí y Nuevo León), aunado a varias elecciones locales." "Elecciones 1997" (page 75). Gives results of the federal elections and the elections in the D.F. "Asamblea legislativa del DF: distribución de curules 1994-2000" (page 76).

Reyes del Campillo L. 1997: "Resultados de la elección de diputados de mayoría relativa, 1997" (pages 71-82). Gives results of election for Chamber of Deputies at the district level.

Rodríguez 1998: "At stake in the July 1997 election were the entire national Congress, six governorships, and for the first time ever, the post for governor of the Departamento del Distrito Federal (DDF) in Mexico City (this position was formerly a presidential appointee called the ‘regente’)" (page 188). Gives percent of congressional vote and seats won by PRI, PAN, and PRD. "In addition, in the Representative Assembly of the Federal District, the PRD swept the board, winning 38 of the 40 direct election seats (the PAN took the other 2)." "Overall, after these elections, just over 50 percent of the total population is governed by the opposition" (page 189).

Local elections

Larrosa H. 1997: Gives the numbers of governors, state deputies, and municipal councils won by each party in the local elections of July 6, 1997 (page 92). "El PAN gobierna después del 6 de julio 15 capitales estatales y 18 de las ciudades más importantes del país" (page 95). Lists these cities. "En total gobierna a una población de 37 millones 946 mil 909 personas, que representa el 42% del total nacional."

Campeche

Grayson 1997: The July 6, 1997 election in Campeche is for governor, 21 deputies (by direct vote), 14 deputies (by proportional representation), and 9 mayors (page 7).

Larrosa H. 1997: Describes the July 6, 1997 election in Campeche and gives the results of each election (page 92).

Colima

Grayson 1997: The July 6, 1997 election in Colima is for governor, 12 deputies (by direct vote), 8 deputies (by proportional representation), and 10 mayors (page 7).

Larrosa H. 1997: Describes the July 6, 1997 election in Colima and gives the results of each election (pages 92-93).

Distrito Federal

Favela 1997: "Como consecuencia de la reforma del 1o de agosto de 1996 al artículo 122 de la Constitución, la Asamblea Legislativa del Distrito Federal adquirió la atribución de legislar sobre asuntos electorales en lo referente a los órganos de representación local: Jefe del Gobierno y Asamblea Legislativa" (page 83). "Elecciones 1997: resultados de los computos distritales de la elección de diputados a la asamblea legislativa del Distrito Federal por el principio de mayoría relativa" (pages 87-88).

Guanajuato

Grayson 1997: The July 6, 1997 election in Guanajuato is for 22 deputies (by direct vote), 14 deputies (by proportional representation), and 46 mayors (page 8).

Larrosa H. 1997: Describes the July 6, 1997 election in Guanajuato and gives the results of each election (page 93).

Nuevo León

Carrillo L. 1997: PAN wins the July 6, 1997 gubernatorial election in Nuevo León in addition to 17 of 51 municipal councils and 8 of 11 federal deputies (page 47).

Grayson 1997: The July 6, 1997 election in Nuevo León is for governor, 22 deputies (by direct vote), 20 deputies (by proportional representation), and 51 mayors (page 8).

Larrosa H. 1997: Describes the July 6, 1997 election in Nuevo León and gives the results of each election (pages 93-94).

Querétaro

Carrillo L. 1997: PAN wins the July 6, 1997 gubernatorial election in Querétaro (page 47).

Grayson 1997: The July 6, 1997 election in Querétaro is for governor, 25 deputies (by direct vote), 9 deputies (by proportional representation), and 18 mayors (page 8).

Larrosa H. 1997: Describes the July 6, 1997 election in Querétaro and gives the results of each election (page 94).

San Luis Potosí

Amezcua 1997: The PRI candidate wins the governorship in San Luis Potosí on July 6, 1997 (page 163).

Grayson 1997: The July 6, 1997 election in San Luis Potosí is for governor, 15 deputies (by direct vote), 12 deputies (by proportional representation), and 56 mayors (page 8).

Larrosa H. 1997: Describes the July 6, 1997 election in San Luis Potosí and gives the results of each election (page 94).

Sonora

Grayson 1997: The July 6, 1997 election in Sonora is for governor, 21 deputies (by direct vote), 12 deputies (by direct vote), and 76 mayors (page 8).

Larrosa H. 1997: Describes the July 6, 1997 election in Sonora and gives the results of each election (page 95).

October

Tabasco

Grayson 1997: The November [should be October] 1997 election in Tabasco is for 17 deputies (by direct vote), 12 deputies (by proportional representation), and 17 mayors (page 9).

Keesing’s record of world events October 1997: Discusses and gives the results of the October 19, 1997 election in Tabasco for municipal councils and state deputies (page 41856).

Veracruz

Grayson 1997: The November [should be October] 1997 election in Veracruz is for 208 mayors (page 9).

Keesing’s record of world events October 1997: Discusses and gives the results of the October 1997 election in Veracruz for municipal councils (page 41856).

November

Jalisco

Amezcua 1997: Elections are held in Jalisco on November 9, 1997 (page 238).

Grayson 1997: The November 1997 election in Jalisco is for 20 deputies (by direct vote), 17 deputies (by proportional representation), and 124 mayors (page 9).

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico November 12, 1997: Gives the results of the November election in Jalisco for municipal councils and state deputies.

1998

Latin America weekly report April 28, 1998: "Mexico’s state elections in 1998."

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico July 8, 1998: "Voters in the states of Aguascalientes, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca, Tlaxcala, Tamaulipas, and Sinaloa will also choose new governors in elections scheduled for August, October, and November of this year."

February

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico February 25, 1998: In mid-February 1998 former Mexico City mayor Manuel Camacho Solís announces the creation of the Partido del Centro Democrático (PCD).

April

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico April 22, 1998: "The two major opposition parties have taken steps to oust the [PRI] governors of Morelos, Tabasco, and Yucatán on charges of corruption or violation of the Mexican constitution."

May

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico May 27, 1998: Describes and gives the results of the May 24, 1998 election in Yucatán for municipal councils and state deputies.

June

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico July 8, 1998: Gives the results of the June 28, 1998 election in Baja California for municipal councils and state deputies.

July

SourceMex: economic news & analysis on Mexico July 8, 1998: Describes and gives the results of the July 6, 1998 elections in Chihuahua, Durango, and Zacatecas for governor, municipal councils, and state deputies. PRI wins the governorships of Chihuahua and Durango and PRD wins the governorship of Zacatecas.