The French Institute of Scientific Research for Development in Cooperation. ORSTOM is a French owned public service organization under the joint authority of the Ministry of Research and the Ministries of Cooperation and Development. With a budget of nearly one billion francs, ORSTOM has a staff of 2,500.
Environment: Observing, Understanding, Anticipating Environmental issues have always been a central part of ORSTOM's research work. Here are some of the research themes developed by ORSTOM that are of major international concern or match demand from partners in the developing countries:
Partnership: An essential element Without the partnership principle, no meaningful scientific activity can exist at the scientific level. In respect to this partnership principle, ORSTOM develops:
Development: The end purpose of research All the institute's programs are geared towards the ultimate goal of development.
SIGEF* ENVIRONMENT (* Statistic and Geographic Information System of the Northern Border of Mexico)
COLEF (Colegio de la Frontera Norte) and ORSTOM propose to evaluate the uses and dynamics of renewable resources in relation to economic and demographic activities. The evaluations will allow the team to carry out a diagnosis of certain aspects of the management of the Mexican border environment between the mouth of the Colorado River and the Pacific Coast and to implement a comparative analysis with the system in place north of the border. [SAVANE] (the GIS package developed and provided by ORSTOM) and PLANETE ( Remore Sensing software from ORSTOM to process SPOT and other satellite images) are extensively used in this joint research program.
Characteristics of the research program
The research program on the environment presents a technical and methodological component as well as a scientific research problem:
Three databases; three different scales of research; three approaches:
A regional study: [The California database] The database covers the north part of the Mexican Californian peninsula. The database is conceived for multi-users and multi-uses. The most exhaustive information and the necessary tool for research will be available to potential users (statisticians, demographers, geographers, decision makers, etc...)
A study on the urban environment: The ["Tijuana-San Diego"] database The objective is to measure the impact of the urban growth in the city of Tijuana on the management of its surrounding natural resources.
A study on the rural environment: The [Mexicali database] This second research area covers the Imperial Valley in the United States and the Mexicali Valley in Mexico. Among the research themes:
The mexican census data is available for different spatial units: By States (32), planning regions (190), municipios (2400). A small number of variables are given by localidades (+90000) with precise geographical locations. Different processing ways be issued by geographical units or a chosen grid.
- Production in the same research context, of an exhaustive localized information and of the ways to treat it (GIS, Relational Database)
- Creation of studies and diagnosis, publications of atlases on bi-national border themes:
SEVERAL INSTITUTES PARTICIPATE IN THIS RESEARCH PROGRAM
QUESTIONS and COMMENTS TO BE ADDRESSED TO THE AUTHORS OF THIS DOCUMENT