Author: Robles, Trinidad

Title: Testimony of Trinidad Robles, Interview with Jodi Eisenberg and Jessica Cordova; July 3, 2009.

Published: Málaga, Spain, Spanish Civil War Memory Project, 2009.

Description: 2 tapes

Notes: Trinidad Robles' testimony is in Spanish without subtitles. The testimony was recorded in her home in Málaga.

Summary: Trinidad Robles was born in Jaén. Trinidad relates the difficulties her family endured during the Civil War and the Francoist dictatorship. She explains that her father was a leftist and died working in the mines. Trinidad tells that when she was nine years old they went to live in La Línea in Cádiz, because her mother was a hairdresser who traveled daily to Gibraltar for work. She remembers that her mother had to hide because the Fascists persecuted her. Trinidad notes that they fled to Málaga and then walked on the road to Almería. She retells the devastation and deaths they witnessed along the road. Trinidad recalls that they sought refuge in the country and later traveled to Sevilla. She comments that her mother worked in a house and eventually opened a salon in Sevilla. Trinidad describes the disdain toward the poor and the repression enacted against women, detailing many detentions and executions. She recounts becoming a hairdresser and emphasizes that in her salon she has listened to the experiences of other women who also suffered during the war and the dictatorship. Trinidad narrates how she met her husband in Sevilla. She highlights the improvement of their living conditions after Franco's death. Trinidad discusses her involvement with the recuperation of historical memory and speaks about the recent homages carried out on the road to Almería.

Cite as: Robles, Trinidad. Testimony of the Spanish Civil War and the Francoist Dictatorship. University of California, San Diego, 2009.