Restrictions

Audio-visual materials in the collection are restricted; patrons must request user copies be produced. Fragile documents have been restricted for preservation reasons; photocopies can be found in place of these originals.

Access

Portions of this collection are out for digitization and may not be available for research. Please contact Special Collections & Archives at spcoll@ucsd.edu

Abstract

Papers of a nuclear physicist, biologist, and advocate of global arms control. The majority of the materials in the Szilard papers date from the late 1930s to the early 1960s -- the period following Szilard's move to the U.S. Materials dating from earlier years include patents, personal documents, and a number of letters. The collection best documents Szilard's work on the atomic bomb and his efforts on behalf of arms control and world cooperation. Prominent correspondents include Enrico Fermi, J. William Fulbright, Otto Hahn, Hubert Humphrey, Frederic Joliot-Curie, Linus Pauling, Michael Polanyi, Jonas Salk, Edward Teller, Harold C. Urey, and Eugene P. Wigner. Also included are copies of correspondence with Albert Einstein. The accessions processed in 2000 compliment the first accession and contain further correspondence with prominent individuals, including Leslie Groves, Frederic Joliot-Curie, John F. Kennedy, Nikita Khrushchev, and Max von Laue. Also included are letters (1936-1960), in German, from Szilard to Gertrude Weiss Szilard, his wife, and annotated drafts of the letter written with Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt disclosing developments in nuclear fission. The papers include recent articles on Szilard, documentation and memorabilia from programs and celebrations of his life and work, and materials related to Gertrude Weiss Szilard.

Biography

Leo Szilard is best known for his pioneering work in nuclear physics, his participation in the Manhattan Project during World War II, and his opposition to the nuclear arms race in the postwar era.

The son of an engineer and the scion of an affluent Jewish family, Szilard was born Leo Spitz on February 11, 1898 in Budapest, Hungary. His family name was changed to Szilard in 1900. Szilard was a precocious child, and he took an interest in physics at the age of thirteen. He attended public school in Budapest before being drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army in 1917. In the army he was sent to officer's training school, but he was spared from active duty by a severe case of influenza. After the war he remained in Budapest but, due to political unrest and a lack of suitable educational opportunities, he left for Berlin in 1919.

In Berlin Szilard studied engineering at the Institute of Technology (Technische Hochschule), but his primary interest was physics. He was attracted to the work of great physicists like Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Max Von Laue, Erwin Schroedinger, Walter Nernst, and Fritz Haber -- most of whom were teaching in Berlin at that time.

In 1921 Szilard gave up his engineering studies and enrolled at the University of Berlin, where he studied physics under Max von Laue, among others. He earned his doctorate -- cum laude -- in August 1922 after submitting his dissertation entitled Uber die thermodynamischen Schwankungserscheinungen. In this work Szilard showed "that the Second Law of Thermodynamics covers not only the mean values, as was up to then believed, but also determines the general form of the law that governs the fluctuating values." The dissertation presented ideas relating to what would become the foundation of modern information theory.

Szilard began postdoctoral work at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin with Hermann Mark. Szilard's studies focused on the anomalous scattering of X-rays in crystals and the polarization of X-rays by reflection on crystals. Between 1925 and 1933, he applied for numerous patents, often with Albert Einstein. One of the Szilard-Einstein patents covered the invention of a new refrigeration system based on a method for pumping metals by a moving magnetic field. The two physicists hoped to interest the company A.E.G. (the German General Electric company) in producing a practical refrigerator based on their patent. Although this refrigerator was never produced, the refrigeration system was used effectively in the U.S in 1942 to develop an atomic reactor.

In 1933, with Hitler's rise to power in Germany, Szilard moved to England. In London he collaborated with T.A. Chalmers at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. There they developed the Szilard-Chalmers process, a technique to chemically separate radioactive elements from their stable isotopes. Much of Szilard's activity during this period related to his efforts to register his patents in England and to secure income with the help of the firm of Claremont, Haynes, and Company. Szilard's associates in various ventures included Isbert Adams, Arno Brasch, T.M. Vogelstein, R. Kammitzer, and Benjamin Liebowitz. Szilard also influenced Sir William Beveridge to found the Academic Assistance Council, an organization created to help persecuted scientists leave Nazi Germany. Between 1935 and 1937 he worked as a research physicist at the Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford University.

It was on a street corner in London, in October 1933, that Szilard first conceived of the possibility of a nuclear chain reaction. The possibility of such a chain-reaction -- the process essential for the releasing of atomic energy -- had been dismissed by the eminent physicist Lord Ernest Rutherford. Szilard successfully proved Rutherford wrong.

Szilard visited the United States several times in the mid-1930s, and he began to consider a move to America as the prospects for war in Europe increased. In 1938, at the time of the Munich pact, Szilard was a visiting lecturer in the United States. He decided to shift his residence to New York in anticipation of England's weakening policy toward Germany and the impending world war.

At the Pupin Laboratories at Columbia University, Szilard collaborated with Walter Zinn to research neutron emissions. They discovered that two fast neutrons are probably emitted in the fission process, and that the element uranium might sustain a chain reaction. Subsequent investigations with Enrico Fermi and Herbert Anderson, also at Columbia, demonstrated that a system composed of water and uranium oxide approached the requirements for a self-sustaining chain reaction. Szilard elaborated on a graphite uranium system in his manuscript entitled "Divergent Chain Reactions in a System Composed of Uranium and Carbon" (later expanded into the "A-55 Report" for the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago) which was submitted and accepted (although withheld) for publication in the Physical Review on February 16, 1940.

With the start of World War II, Szilard became intensely concerned about the applications of the new atomic theories to the development of weapons. Knowing that German nuclear research was at an advanced stage, he felt that the work being conducted by him and his colleagues should be withheld from publication. Szilard and his colleagues Eugene Wigner and Edward Teller hoped to gain the financial support of the United States Government in underwriting the cost of a definitive, large-scale experiment to prove that a sustained nuclear chain reaction was possible. Together they enlisted the assistance and influence of Albert Einstein. With Einstein's consent, Szilard drafted a letter, which was signed by Einstein and delivered to President Roosevelt by Alexander Sachs in October 1939. This letter outlined the possibility of the chain reaction and its implications for national defense.

Szilard's work on atomic energy intensified during World War II. With governmental support approved by President Roosevelt and with the assistance of the National Bureau of Standards, Szilard began to procure graphite and uranium through negotiations with suppliers like the National Carbon Company. These materials were necessary components for a large scale chain-reaction experiment. From February 1942 to July 1946, Szilard worked as "Chief Physicist" for Arthur H. Compton at the Metallurgical Laboratory of the University of Chicago. This Laboratory was one of the chief research centers for the development of the atomic bomb, in what would come to be called the Manhattan Project.

On December 2, 1942, Szilard and his colleagues demonstrated the first nuclear chain reaction. This demonstration took place in the graphite block reactor built under the grandstand at the University of Chicago's Stagg Field. This successful experiment was in part the result of Szilard's atomic theories.

Throughout the Manhattan Project, Szilard was often frustrated by cumbersome government administration and security regulations. Like other scientists involved in the project, he felt uneasy about the dominant role played by the military in the project. Many of his memoranda from the period reflect these concerns.

Szilard viewed the production of the atomic bomb as a necessary counter-measure to the possibility of German nuclear development and deployment, but he foresaw the global consequences of the proliferation of this weapon. After Germany surrendered, Szilard organized his colleagues to press for limitations in the use of the atomic bomb. He drafted a letter to President Roosevelt urging restraint in the use of the bomb, but the President died before the letter could be delivered. In the spring of 1945, Szilard influenced a group of scientists to produce the Franck Report, which outlined the dangers of a nuclear arms race. The report advised against the use of an atomic bomb against Japanese civilians, advocating instead a non-combat demonstration.

In July 1945 Szilard circulated a petition urging President Truman not to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. A revised version of this petition was eventually signed by 68 scientists at the Metallurgical Laboratory. It was strongly opposed by General Groves, head of the Manhattan Project, on the grounds that such a petition would breach security and expose the existence of the atomic bomb. The petition did not reach the president. After Japan's surrender Szilard worked to defeat the May-Johnson bill, which sought to place atomic energy in the hands of the military.

After the war Szilard began to focus on biology, a field he had long been interested in. He resigned from the Metallurgical Laboratory on June 1, 1946, and became a half-time professor of biophysics at the Institute of Radiobiology and Biophysics at the University of Chicago. He also worked half-time for the University's Division of Social Sciences as Adviser to the Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy. For the academic year 1953-1954, Szilard served as a visiting professor of biophysics at Brandeis University. In 1956, he became a professor of biophysics at the Enrico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago. To broaden his knowledge of biology he often attended seminars and conferences, such as the Cold Springs Harbor Symposium in New York.

Throughout the 1950s Szilard continued his biological research. In Chicago he collaborated with Aaron Novick to develop the "chemostat," a device for "maintaining a multiplying population of bacteria under conditions not changing in time." Numerous articles resulted from his research, including "Experiments with the chemostat on spontaneous mutation of bacteria," "Anti-mutagens," and "On the nature of the aging process." Szilard's theory of aging, a major outgrowth of his research, became a continuing interest in his later life. Much of Szilard's research funding came from contracts and grants with organizations such as the National Advisory Health Council and the Office of Naval Research. He also worked as a consultant to private industry, and his patents for a "liquid-liquid extractor" were used by Podbielniak, Inc.

Szilard became increasingly active in public political activities during the Postwar period. In his lectures he advocated nuclear arms control, world government, and an elite leadership role for the international scientific community. Many of his ideas were inspired by the works of H.G. Wells, which he had read avidly as a young man. Wells's book The World Set Free (London, 1914), which had predicted the development of atomic power, had made a great impression on Szilard when he read it in 1932.

In 1947, Szilard published a "letter to Stalin" in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. In the letter he urged world leaders to openly exchange ideas in an effort to mitigate the growing Cold War. In his appeal he took a balanced view of the peace process, blaming neither the U.S. or the Soviet Union for the situation. In the late 1950s Szilard's ideas inspired Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell to organize an international conferences of concerned scientists. The first conference took place at Pugwash, Nova Scotia in 1957, and subsequent conferences, named after the location of the first meeting, have been held throughout the world since then.

After 1958, with the increasing threat of nuclear war, Szilard's political activities intensified. Between October 1959 and October 1960 he carried on a series of interactions with Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev which culminated in a two hour interview in New York. Szilard proposed the development of a Moscow-Washington "hot line," which could facilitate communications between super-power leaders in the interest of global peace. With the election of President Kennedy, Szilard moved to Washington, D.C., taking up residence at the DuPont Plaza Hotel. He criticized Kennedy's handling of the Bay of Pigs debacle and the President's bomb shelter program. Szilard offered to personally intercede with Khruschev during the Berlin Crisis in 1961.

Throughout the early 1960s Szilard continued his advocacy of global cooperation. In 1961 he began a lecture tour which would take him to eight college campuses. His first lecture, at the Harvard Law School Forum on November 17, 1961, was entitled "Are We on the Road to War?" From these and other efforts came an organization known as the Council for a Livable World, a political action committee which encouraged members to donate two percent of their income to designated political candidates. In 1962, Szilard attempted unsuccessfully to organize informal meetings between lesser officials of both the United States and the Soviet Union in what he termed the "Angels Project."

Szilard wrote extensively during this period. He suggested rules for nuclear age living in "How to Live with the Bomb and Survive" (1960). He wrote a futuristic work of fiction entitled The Voice of the Dolphins (1961). In this work Szilard had the dolphins describe the debacle of human society, out of which they have inherited the earth. He carried on his writing during two courses of radiation treatments for bladder cancer in 1960 and 1962. While undergoing these treatments in New York City's Memorial Hospital, Szilard also made an extensive series of tape recordings relating to his life and his involvement in the Manhattan Project.

In July 1963, Szilard was appointed as a non-resident fellow at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. He had known Jonas Salk since the late 1950s, and many of Szilard's ideas had influenced Salk in the planning of the Institute. Szilard moved to La Jolla in February 1964. There he intended to work in biophysics as a Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute. But three months later, on May 30, 1964, he died of a heart attack.

Szilard lived a peripatetic life. After leaving Budapest in 1919 he had no true permanent residence. He stayed mostly in hotels, and his associations with various universities were usually tenuous. Because he had no long-term institutional affiliations, Szilard had difficulty in marshalling the material forces -- such as a clerical and laboratory staff -- needed to follow through on many of his important ideas. Szilard was essentially a thinker, and he preferred to leave for others the tasks involved in implementing his ideas.

Szilard's life gained some stability through his relationship with Dr. Gertrude Weiss. Weiss was a physician who had fled Nazi Germany in 1930s. She met Szilard before the war, and the two were married in the United States in 1951. Still, the couple often lived apart, and Szilard considered himself a "bachelor at heart."

For more detailed biographical information, see Leo Szilard: His Version of the Facts, edited by Spencer Weart and Gertrude Weiss Szilard (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, c1978) and the "Introduction" by Barton Bernstein to Helen Hawkins, et al., eds., Toward a Livable World: Leo Szilard and the Crusade for Nuclear Arms Control (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, c. 1987), p. xvii-lxxiv. Finally, a full-length biography of Szilard by William Lanouette has been published entitled Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb.

Scope and Content of Collection

Accession Processed in 1988

The majority of the materials in the Szilard papers date from the late 1930s to the early 1960s -- the period following Szilard's move to the U.S. Materials dating from earlier years include patents, personal documents, and a number of letters. The collection best documents Szilard's work on the atomic bomb and his efforts on behalf of arms control and world cooperation. The papers are organized in twelve series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) WRITINGS, 4) SUBJECTS AND ORGANIZATIONS, 5) FINANCIAL RECORDS, 6) ADDRESSES, 7) GERTRUDE SZILARD MATERIALS, 8) PHOTOGRAPHS, 9) AUDIO MATERIALS, 10) AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS, 11) ARTIFACTS, and 12) NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS.

The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS contain primary personal documents, such as certificates and passports, which largely record Szilard's life prior to his emigration from Germany to England in 1933. Included are materials created by other family members, such as Szilard's father's memoir. Also included are biographical articles and sketches and autobiographical materials. Many of the passports and immigration papers contain photographs of Szilard.

The CORRESPONDENCE brings together all of Szilard's communications previously scattered throughout the collection. Incoming and outgoing correspondence is filed together. Arranged alphabetically, the correspondence has been gathered and segregated by author; that is, letters from Szilard to "X" and from "X" to Szilard are integrated in the same folder chronologically. In addition, third party correspondence from "X" to "Y" is also interfiled under the author "X". For exchanges with individuals involving less than three items, the materials are foldered with others, alphabetically by correspondent in "miscellaneous" files (e.g. "A Misc.", "B Misc.", etc.). Works of unidentified correspondents are located at the beginning of the general correspondence.

In general, the correspondence prior to 1946 is less extensive but more significant. Less significant but more extensive is the correspondence from later years. This situation reflects Szilard's greater involvement in public life after World War II. Prominent correspondents include Enrico Fermi, J. William Fulbright, Otto Hahn, Hubert Humphrey, Frederic Joliot-Curie, Linus Pauling, Michael Polanyi, Jonas Salk, Edward Teller, Harold C. Urey, and Eugene P. Wigner. Also included are copies of correspondence with Albert Einstein.

The WRITINGS series contains a number of subseries which bring together manuscript and printed materials created by Leo Szilard. Also included are materials created by others, which can be found in the "Publications By Other Authors" subseries. Most materials in this series date from 1946 and after.

A significant subseries, the "Writings by Leo Szilard," contains essays, scientific papers, and literary works produced by Szilard, including the manuscript for his book, The Voice of the Dolphins. These materials are arranged alphabetically by title. Works with changing titles are brought together under the latest title. Works that appear without title are segregated into "dated" and "non-dated" folders at the beginning of the subseries.

The "Patents" subseries contains documents and related materials in the form of drafts, figures and notes. These are organized chronologically. Of special interest are the early patents in refrigeration held with Albert Einstein, the patent for a "neutronic reactor" developed with Enrico Fermi, and Szilard's singular achievements on the "Chain Reaction" and "Chemostat".

The "History" subseries contains materials originally gathered together under that title in Mrs. Szilard's inventory. Herein are important retrospective writings by Szilard on early atomic bomb development and his involvement with the Manhattan Project.

The "Interviews" largely date from the early 1960's and are arranged alphabetically by interviewer or by title when no interviewer is apparent.

The "Memoranda" subseries contains those general communications not directed to a specific recipient. They are arranged chronologically. Most of these materials originated in the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago.

Szilard's Speeches date from the close of his direct involvement with the atomic bomb after World War II and his shift into public life as an advocate of disarmament.

The "Handwritten Notes" consist of fragments of Szilard's writings, often jottings on a napkin or a loose scrap of paper. These materials lacked a direct relationship to other items in the original folders in which they were found. The materials have either been labelled with Mrs. Szilard's original folder numbers (where the items were found) or have been given a subject title.

Completing the series are "Notebooks" and "Publications by Other Authors." Notebooks are arranged first by date, then alphabetically by title. The "Publications by Other Authors" mostly consist of materials collected by Szilard after he began work in biology. Organized alphabetically by author, each folder often contains several works.

The series SUBJECTS AND ORGANIZATIONS contains materials of a various genres, including correspondence and printed matter. The subseries "Organizations" contains files on organizations with which Szilard interacted or from which he collected publicity materials. The files are arranged alphabetically by corporate entry. Note the "miscellaneous" folders at the beginning of the subseries for organizations represented by single items. The "Subjects" subseries contains folders which fall outside established categories.

Szilard's FINANCIAL RECORDS form a series containing bank records, tax records, and a subseries grouping invoices, records, and receipts by originating organization. Included in this series is a chronological file of contracts and grants which relate to research activity. Travel materials such as airline and train tickets complete the group.

Although some of the ADDRESS BOOKS are from as early as the 1930's, most of them date from the early 1960's. Included in this group are names and addresses found on fragments of paper or business cards.

Materials in the GERTRUDE SZILARD MATERIALS series were created and arranged by Leo Szilard's wife. The materials largely relate to her work with the Leo Szilard papers. The organization of this series remains unchanged from its original state, with the exception of the correspondence, which has been brought together alphabetically by author. The materials in this series, created after Leo Szilard's death in 1964, concern the disposition, assembly, and processing of the papers, including the original manuscript/typescript of the original inventory to the papers. Also included are materials relating to the production of the two documentary histories: The Collected Works of Leo Szilard: Scientific Papers (1972) and Leo Szilard: His Version of the Facts (1978). Included in this series are documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.

The last five series in the collection contain non-manuscript materials. PHOTOGRAPHS in the collection follow a chronological order with the exception of portraits, which are grouped alphabetically by photographer. The AUDIO MATERIALS, such as speeches, talks, and interviews are grouped by format as are the AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS. Many of Szilard's personal effects, including glasses, wallets, and sliderulers, are located in the ARTIFACTS group. Finally, the NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS collected by Szilard, remain unprocessed.

Accession Processed in 2000

The accession processed in 2000 complements the first accession and contains correspondence with prominent individuals, several writings by Szilard, recent articles about Szilard, and documentation of programs and projects celebrating his life. Also included are letters written in 1939 between Szilard and international physicists related to attempts to keep fission experiment results unpublished. The papers date between 1921 and 1981, and are arranged in four series: 13) CORRESPONDENCE, 14) WRITINGS BY LEO SZILARD, 15) ARTICLES, PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS ON LEO SZILARD and 16) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL.

SERIES 13: CORRESPONDENCE

The CORRESPONDENCE is arranged alphabetically with most of the letters dating from the 1950s and 1960s. Prominent correspondents include Francis H.C. Crick, Albert Einstein, Frederic Joliot-Curie, John F. Kennedy, Nikita Khruschev, Bertrand Russell, and Jonas Salk. There is also an extensive collection of letters, in German, from Leo Szilard to Gertrude Weiss Szilard for the years 1936-1960.

SERIES 14: WRITINGS BY LEO SZILARD

Significant documents in the WRITINGS series include Szilard's transcription from his notes and recollections of a conversation he had with Nikita Khruschev in 1960; a transcription of the August 2, 1939, letter he composed with Albert Einstein; an interview given in 1955; and, the signed "Petition to the President of the United States," dated July 17, 1945. The series is arranged alphabetically.

SERIES 15: ARTICLES, PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS ON LEO SZILARD

The material about Leo Szilard has been arranged in two subseries: A) Articles on Leo Szilard and B) Projects and Programs on Szilard.

A) The first subseries contains articles and papers written about Leo Szilard. Some appeared in general interest or specialized publications, were given as talks or submitted as academic coursework. Also included are Hungarian language articles and miscellanous clippings that mention Leo Szilard during the period 1960-1984.

B) The second subseries documents several programs and events honoring Leo Szilard including the Leo Szilard Centenary held in Budapest, Hungary. Gertude Weiss Szilard attended some of them and kept copies of the commemorative material contained in this subseries. Included are a transcript of an interview Gertrude Weiss Szilard gave to a San Diego television station and a description of program produced by a television network in Japan.

SERIES 16: MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL

The MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL series contains a photocopy of Leo Szilard's academic transcript 1921-1923, a photocopied photograph commemorating the pioneers of nuclear fission at the University of Chicago and financial, tax and business documents.

Accession Processed in 1988

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

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Box Folder Oversize
Personal documents.
1 1 Birth certificate.
1 2 FB-129-02 Awards and certificates.
1 3 Curriculum vitae.
1 4 Doctoral dissertation.
1 5 Marriage certificate.
1 6 Obituaries.
1 7 Passports.
1 8 Will and testament - Leo Szilard, 1955.
1 9 Will and testament - Gertrude Weiss Szilard, 1958.
Miscellaneous documents.
1 10 1916.
1 11-13 1918 - 1920.
1 14-17 1922 - 1925.
1 18-22 1927 - 1931.
University documents.
1 23 General materials and early photographs.
1 24 FB-129-11 Report book and doctoral certificate.
1 25 Early receipts.
1 26 Polizeiliche Abmeldung, 1920 - 1931.
1 27 Immigration -- United States.
1 28 Medical reports.
1 29 Selective Service.
Family affairs.
2 1 Family emigration to United States.
2 2 Family property in Hungary.
2 3 Polizeiliche Abmeldung. Adalbert "Bela" Szilard, 1923.
Errinnerunger aus meinem Leben.
2 4 Original manuscript[?].
2 5 Appendix.
2 6 English translation.
2 7-8 Biographical data and list of publications, 1922 - 1946.
2 9 Biographical notes and sketches.
2 10 Biographical publications.
Articles about Leo Szilard.
2 11-12 Miscellaneous articles with references to Leo Szilard (photocopies).
3 1 Anderson, Herbert L. "The Legacy of Fermi and Szilard", 1974.
3 2 Anderson, Herbert L. "Three questions about the sustained nuclear chain reaction", 1973.
3 3 Coffin, Tristram. "Leo Szilard: The Conscience of a Scientist.", 1964.
3 4 Commonweal. "Lobby for Peace", 1951.
3 5 Denver Post - "The Giants," comic strip, 1967.
3 6 Gwertzman, Bernard. "The world has six years to live", 1963.
3 7 Halasz, Nicholas and Robert. "Leo Szilard, the Reluctant Father of the Atomic Bomb", 1947.
3 8 Hester, H.B. "Leo Szilard", 1964.
3 9 Irwin, Theodore. "The legend that is Leo Szilard", 1961.
3 10 Jaffe, Bernard. "Szilard", 1973.
3 11 Lear, John. "A theory of how we age", 1959.
3 12 Lerner, Max. "Life of a Man", 1960.
3 13 Life Magazine. "I'm looking for a market for wisdom: Leo Szilard, scientist", 1961.
3 14 Mann, W.B. "The cyclotron", 1953.
3 15 Scott, Walter. "Personality parade", 1971.
3 16 Science. Cover photo, 1946.
3 17 Science and Technology. "Thinking ahead with...Leo Szilard", 1962.
3 18 Smith, Alice Kimball. "After Hiroshima", 1965.
3 19 Smith, Alice Kimball. "Rabinowitch awarded Kalinga Prize", 1966.
3 20 Smith, Donald O. "Two percent for peace", 1962.
3 21 Swing, Raymond. "Raymond Swing's Broadcast", 1945.
3 22 Walsh, John. "A conversation with Eugene Wigner", 1973.
3 23 Wigner, E.P. "Ideas before the discovery of nuclear fission", 1941.
3 24 Wigner, E.P. "Leo Szilard, 1898-1964: A biographical memoir by Eugene Wigner", 1969.
3 25 Wolf, Anthony. Look Magazine, "Twenty-five years with the bomb", 1967.
3 26 Zaslausky, David. "Of Dolphins and Men", 1962.

CORRESPONDENCE

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Box Folder Oversize
3 27 Unidentified correspondents.
3 28 A - Miscellaneous.
3 29 A.A. Thornton and Co., 1949.
3 30 Academic Press, 1957 - 1962.
3 31-32 Adam, Isbert, 1935 - 1954.
4 1 Adey, W. Ross, 1964.
4 2 Admiralty. (U.K.). Director of Naval Contracts, 1936 - 1939.
4 3 Alexander, Archibald S., 1950 - 1957.
4 4 Alger, Ferris E., 1956 - 1963.
4 5 Allison, Samuel K., 1941 - 1962.
4 6 Alperovitz, Gar, 1961.
4 7 America: National Catholic Weekly Review, 1955 - 1962.
4 8 American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1956 - 1963.
4 9 American Institute of Physics, 1940 - 1946.
4 10 American Physical Society, 1952 - 1964.
4 11 Amrine, Michael, 1956 - 1960.
4 12 Anderson, Herbert L., 1941 - 1963.
4 13 Anker, Herbert, 1951 - 1963.
4 14 Annenburg, Norman, 1944 - 1962.
4 15 Appleyard, R.K., 1961.
4 16 Argonne National Laboratory, 1956 - 1961.
4 17 Atomic Energy Commission, 1949 - 1963.
4 18 Auger, Pierre, 1943 - 1957.
4 19-20 B - Miscellaneous.
4 21 Barr, Stringfellow, 1950 - 1962.
4 22 Bartky, W., 1945.
4 23 Bartlett, Charles, 1961.
4 24 Baumgartner, Leona, 1956 - 1961.
4 25 Beadle, George, 1956 - 1964.
4 26 Beatty, R.A., 1963 - 1964.
4 27 Benjamin, John, 1950 - 1958.
4 28 Bernardini, Gilberto, 1963.
4 29 Bethe, Hans A., 1950 - 1962.
4 30 Beveridge, Sir William, 1933.
4 31 Bhabha, H.L., 1955 - 1960.
4 32 Blackett, Patrick M.S., 1939 - 1964.
4 33 Blum, Walter, 1951 - 1955.
4 34 Bohr, Niels, 1936 - 1950.
4 35 Bowersox, Jeanne, 1948 - 1950.
4 36 Bowles, Chester, 1955 - 1961.
5 1 Bowstead, W.J., 1935.
5 2 Bradbury, Norris E., 1959.
5 3 Brandeis University, 1952 - 1954.
5 4 Brasch, Arno, 1934 - 1951.
5 5 Braun, Werner, 1951 - 1952.
5 6 Breit, Gregory, 1936 - 1941.
5 7 Brennan, D.G., 1960 - 1963.
5 8 Bresler, S.E., 1960.
5 9 Briggs, Lyman, 1939 - 1941.
5 10 Bronk, Detlev, 1956 - 1958.
5 11 Bronowski, Jacob, 1964.
5 12 Brower, Michael, 1961 - 1962.
5 13 Brown, George, 1950 - 1951.
5 14 Brown, Harrison, 1947 - 1963.
5 15 Brush Beryllium Company, 1940 - 1942.
5 16 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1949 - 1964.
5 17 Bulletin of the Research Exchancge on the Prevention of War, 1955.
5 18 Burdick, Quentin N., 1964.
5 19 Burgers, Jim, 1948.
5 20 Burkeholder, Paul R., 1950 - 1961.
5 21 Bush, Vannevar, 1941 - 1951.
5 22-23 C - Miscellaneous.
6 1 Cabot, Henry B., 1950.
6 2 California Institute of Technology, 1957 - 1962.
6 3 Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation, 1941 - 1960.
6 4 Canfield, Cass, 1955 - 1957.
6 5 Cassil, R.V., 1955.
6 6 Cattier, Jean E.V., 1939.
6 7 Cavanaugh, Father John J., 1952 - 1955.
6 8 Centennial Review of Arts and Sciences , 1956.
6 9 Central Trading Corporation, 1941.
6 10 Cerro de Pasco Copper Corporation, 1941.
6 11 Charles E. Chapin Company, 1939 - 1940.
6 12 Charlton, Peter, 1961 - 1962.
6 13 Cherne, Leo, 1961.
6 14 Claremont, Haynes, and Company, 1935 - 1949.
6 15 Clark, Colin, 1952 - 1955.
6 16 Clark, Edward F., Jr., 1950.
6 17 Clark, Grenville, 1950 - 1954.
6 18 Clark, Tom C., Attorney General, 1947.
6 19 Coatsworth, Janet, 1952 - 1961.
6 20 Cobas, Almador, 1950.
6 21 Cockroft, J.D., 1936 - 1949.
6 22 Coffin, Tristram, 1962 - 1963.
6 23 Coggeshall, L.T., 1949 - 1953.
6 24 Colorado College, 1963.
6 25 Columbia Broadcasting System, 1960 - 1962.
6 26 Columbia University, 1938 - 1961.
6 27 Commission to Study the Organization of Peace, 1950.
6 28 Commonwealth Fund, 1949 - 1957.
6 29-30 Compton, Arthur Holly, 1941 - 1945.
6 31 Condon, Edward U., 1942 - 1950.
6 32 Conservation Foundation, 1952 - 1962.
6 33 Cornell College, 1956 - 1964.
6 34 Cosmo Company, 1963.
6 35 Council for a Livable World, 1964.
6 36 Crawford, Malcolm D., 1958.
6 37 Creutz, Edward, 1945 - 1957.
6 38 Crick, Francis H.C., 1957.
6 39 Critchett, J.H., 1941.
6 40 Crowe, James F., 1958 - 1959.
6 41 Czechoslovak Academy of Science, 1963 - 1964.
7 1 D - Miscellaneous.
7 2 Daedalus, 1960.
7 3 Dahlitz, R.H., 1957.
7 4 Danielli, Jim, 1950 - 1952.
7 5 Daniels, Farrington, 1945 - 1962.
7 6 Dailey, Ward, 1947 - 1964.
7 7 Davies, T.H., 1951 - 1952.
7 8 Davis, Bernard, 1950 - 1957.
7 9 Delbruck, Max, 1933 - 1960.
7 10 Demerec, M., 1951 - 1952.
7 11 Dempster, E.R., 1943 - 1959.
7 12 DePeyer-Einerson, Jean, 1960 - 1961.
7 13 Detre, Rose - Leo Szilard's sister, 1947 - 1962.
7 14 Didier Publishers, 1950 - 1954.
7 15 Dirac, P.A.M., 1935.
7 16 Doan, R.L., 1942 - 1956.
7 17 Doering, William, 1957 - 1964.
7 18 Dollard, Charles, 1950.
7 19 Doty, Paul, 1960.
7 20 Downes, Jean, 1950.
7 21 Dunn, Gano, 1932 - 1939.
7 22 E - Miscellaneous.
7 23 Easton, Anthony, 1957.
7 24 Eaton, Cyrus, 1957 - 1962.
7 25 Eckart, Carl, 1951 - 1960.
7 26 Edsall, John, 1960 - 1962.
7 27 Einstein, Albert, 1933 - 1952.
7 28 Eisenhower, Dwight D., 1960.
7 29 Eldorado Gold Mines, Ltd., 1941.
7 30 Electrical and Musical Industries Ltd., 1934 - 1935.
7 31 Engstrom, Anne, 1964.
7 32 Ephrussi, Boris, 1950 - 1952.
7 33 Esslinger, William, 1955.
8 1 F - Miscellaneous.
8 2 Faymonville, Philip, 1955.
8 3 Federal Security Agency. Public Health Service. National Institutes of Health, 1950 - 1952.
8 4 Feld, Bernard T., 1952 - 1964.
8 5 Feltrinelli, Giangiacomo, 1961.
8 6 Fermi, Enrico, 1936 - 1944.
8 7 Fermi, Laura, 1957 - 1959.
8 8 Field, Marshall, 1955.
8 9 Finletter, Thomas, 1947 - 1955.
8 10 Finn, Robert, 1962 - 1964.
8 11 Fisher, Roger, 1962 - 1964.
8 12 Florentin, Daniel, 1949.
8 13 Forbes, Allan, 1961 - 1964.
8 14 Ford Foundation, 1955 - 1962.
8 15 Foreign Affairs, 1956 - 1960.
8 16 Foster, William, 1960 - 1963.
8 17 Fox, Maurice, 1951 - 1962.
8 18 Frank, Louise, 1955 - 1963.
8 19 Fremont-Smith, Frank, 1963.
8 20 Friends Committee on National Legislation, 1961 - 1963.
8 21 Fulbright, J.W., 1960 - 1964.
8 22 Fund for the Republic, 1955 - 1960.
8 23-24 G - Miscellaneous.
8 25 Galef and Jacobs, Attorneys, 1960.
8 26 Garen, Alan, 1952 - 1960.
8 27 Gehman, Richard B., 1952.
8 28 General Electric Company, Ltd. (U.K.), 1934.
8 29 Giannini, G.M., 1936.
8 30 Gibson, Margaret, 1962.
8 31 Gimbel, Elinor, 1950 - 1955.
8 32 Glazier, William (Salk Institute), 1962 - 1963.
8 33 Glicksman, Arvin S., 1961 - 1962.
8 34 Goldberg, Arthur J., 1963.
8 35 Goldhaber, M., 1935 - 1939.
9 1 Gomer, Robert, 1962.
9 2 Goodman, Leo, 1961.
9 3 Gots, Joseph S., 1951 - 1952.
9 4 Grace, Edwin J., 1957.
9 5 Gray, L.H., 1949 - 1950.
9 6 Green, Howard, 1956 - 1957.
9 7 Green, Rosina, 1960.
9 8 Grodzins, Morton, 1954 - 1961.
9 9 Groves, Leslie R., 1945.
9 10 Gustavson, Reuben, 1945 - 1960.
9 11-12 H - Miscellaneous.
9 13 Haddow, Alex, 1954 - 1961.
9 14 Hahn, Otto, 1957 - 1958.
9 15 Halle, Kay, 1961.
9 16 Hanks, Nancy, 1960.
9 17 Harper's Magazine, 1949 - 1960.
9 18 Harrell, W.B., 1950 - 1952.
9 19 Harrison, R. Wendall, 1947 - 1958.
9 20 Hartman, Carl G., 1952 - 1959.
9 21 Harvard University, 1950 - 1963.
9 22 Haseltine, Lake, and Company, 1936 - 1944.
9 23 Hauge, Mogens, 1963 - 1964.
9 24 Havas, Ernest, 1963.
9 25 Hawkins, Dave, 1950.
9 26 Hecht, S., 1942.
9 27 Heisenberg, Werner, 1957 .
9 28 Helferisch, B., 1957.
9 29 Henkin, Louis, 1963.
9 30 Henshaw, Paul, 1952.
9 31 Hester, General Hugh B., 1955 - 1962.
9 32 Hinshelwood, Cyril, 1950.
9 33 Hirsch, Howard, 1950 - 1951.
9 34 Hirst, Hugo, 1934.
9 35 Hitchings, George, 1951.
9 36 Hoagland, Hudson, 1962 - 1963.
9 37 Hoehler, Fred, 1952 - 1961.
9 38 Hogness, David, 1961 - 1962.
9 39 Hogness, T.R., 1950 - 1951.
9 40 Hopwood, Professor, 1934 - 1935.
10 1 Horstfall, Frank, 1949 - 1963.
10 2 Hotchkiss, Robert S., 1959.
10 3 Hotchkiss, Rollin D., 1956 - 1960.
10 4 Hsing, Huan, 1958.
10 5 Huber, Wolfgang, 1950.
10 6 Hughes, Thomas L., 1958 - 1960.
10 7 Humanists , 1950.
10 8 Humphrey, Hubert, 1955 - 1961.
10 9 Hutchins, Robert M., 1945 - 1962.
10 10 I - Miscellaneous.
10 11 Imperial Chemical Industries, 1936 - 1945.
10 12 Inglis, David, 1955 - 1962.
10 13 International Latex Corporation, 1952 - 1964.
10 14 International Science and Technology, 1962.
10 15 Institute for International Order, 1956 - 1957.
10 16 Institute for Strategic Studies, 1952 - 1964.
10 17 Ives, Philip T., 1961.
10 18 J - Miscellaneous.
10 19 Jacob, Francois, 1960 - 1961.
10 20 Jacobson, Gunther, 1942 - 1947.
10 21 Jeine, N.J.K., 1960 - 1963.
10 22 Johnson, Warren C., 1950 - 1958.
10 23 Joliot-Curie, F., 1937 - 1955.
Restrictions Apply
10 24 Jones, Aubrey, 1961 - 1964.
10 25 Jones, Hardin B., 1960 - 1962.
10 26 K - Miscellaneous.
11 1 Kalven, Harry Jr., 1960 - 1963.
11 2 Kammitzer, R., 1936 - 1940.
11 3 Kelner, Albert, 1949 - 1950.
11 4 Kendrew, John, 1963 - 1964.
11 5 Kennedy, John F., 1960 - 1963.
Restrictions Apply
11 6 Kerscher, Rudolf, 1962 - 1963.
11 7 Khrushchev, Nikita S., 1959 - 1963.
11 8 Killian, J.R., 1960.
11 9 Kimpton, Lawrence A., 1946 - 1955.
11 10 Kingsley, Sidney, 1956.
11 11 Klein, George, 1959.
11 12 Klemperer, Paul, 1955 - 1956.
11 13 Klieneberger-Novel, Emmy, 1951.
11 14 Kobler, John, 1951.
11 15 Kolin, Alexander, 1955.
11 16 Koprowski, Hillary, 1957.
11 17 Kubie, Lawrence S., 1953 - 1961.
11 18-19 L - Miscellaneous.
11 20 Lange, Fritz, 1934 - 1963.
11 21 Lapp, Ralph E., 1954 - 1963.
11 22 Lasker, Mary, 1955 - 1963.
11 23 Latarjet, Raymond, 1951 - 1960.
11 24 Lattimer, John Kingsley, 1959.
11 25 Laue, Max von, 1921 - 1960.
Restrictions Apply
11 26 Lavender, Robert A., 1943 - 1960.
11 27 Lawrence, E.O., 1940.
11 28 Lawson, A.W., 1940 - 1954.
11 29 Lederberg, Joshua, 1951 - 1962.
11 30 Leghorn, Richard, 1955 - 1960.
11 31 Lennox, Edwin S., 1957 - 1963.
12 1 Lerner, Max, 1952 - 1961.
12 2 Levi, Edward H., 1949 - 1964.
12 3 Libby, W.F., 1959 - 1961.
12 4 Liebowitz, Benjamin, 1938 - 1964.
12 5 Lindbergh, Charles, 1939.
12 6 Linde Air Products Company, 1941 - 1951.
12 7 Lindemann, F.A., 1935 - 1944.
12 8 Lipmann, Fritz, 1953 - 1957.
12 9 Livingston, Robert B., 1956 - 1964.
12 10 London Times, 1963.
12 11 Long, Franklin A., 1951 - 1962.
12 12 Look Magazine, 1960 - 1964.
12 13 Loomis, Alfred, 1943 - 1951.
12 14-15 M - Miscellaneous.
12 16 Maas, Werner, 1957.
12 17 MacDuffie, Marshall, 1950 - 1956.
12 18 Manley, J.H., 1941 - 1942.
12 19 Mann, Norene, 1949 - 1964.
12 20 Marc Wood International, Inc., 1959 - 1960.
12 21 Marshak, Robert E., 1933 - 1962.
13 1 Marvel, Josiah Jr., 1950.
13 2 Marzani and Munsell Publishers, Inc., 1962.
13 3 Mayer, Joseph E., 1949.
13 4 Mayor, Brantz, 1956.
13 5 McGovern, George, 1963.
13 6 McGregor, Robert F., 1957.
13 7 McIntosh, James A., 1946 - 1951.
13 8 McMahon, Brien, 1946 - 1949.
13 9 Medewar, Peter, 1957 - 1959.
13 10 Meier, Richard, 1950 - 1953.
13 11 Meiers, George, 1949.
13 12 Menke, John R., 1949 - 1962.
13 13 Menshikov, Mikhail A., 1960 - 1961.
13 14 Meselson, Matthew, 1962 - 1964.
13 15 Metal Hydrides, Inc., 1940 - 1942.
13 16 Ministry of Supply. Division of Atomic Energy, 1949.
13 17 Minot, Francis, 1955 - 1957.
13 18 Minow, Newton N., 1963.
13 19 Mitchell, D.P., 1940 - 1941.
13 20 Monod, Jacques, 1953 - 1963.
13 21 Morganthau, Hans J., 1955 - 1960.
13 22 Moses, Fritz, 1943 - 1961.
13 23 Muller, Charles P., 1943 - 1957.
13 24 Muller, H.J., 1949 - 1964.
13 25 Muller, Steven, 1963 - 1964.
13 26 Murrow, Edward R., 1961 - 1963.
13 27 Myers, Jack, 1951.
13 28 N - Miscellaneous.
14 1 Nathan, Otto, 1957 - 1961.
14 2 Nation, 1950 - 1961.
14 3 National Academy of Sciences, 1950 - 1964.
14 4 National Carbon Company, Inc., 1939 - 1941.
14 5 National Farmers' Union, 1947 - 1963.
14 6 National Research Council, 1949 - 1953.
14 7 National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, 1947.
14 8 National Science Foundation, 1954 - 1959.
14 9 Nature, 1936 - 1959.
14 10 Naval Medical Research Institute, 1953 - 1954.
14 11 Naval Research Laboratory, 1939 - 1940.
14 12 Neurath, Hans, 1950 - 1951.
14 13 New American Library of World Literature, 1960 - 1962.
14 14 New Statesman, 1963 - 1964.
14 15 New York Academy of Sciences, 1952.
14 16 New York Herald Tribune, 1950 - 1961.
14 17 New York Times, 1950 - 1962.
14 18 New York Times - Letters of public response to Szilard's "Letter to the Editor", 1955.
14 19 Noel-Baker, Philip, 1963.
14 20 Norden, Heinz, 1957 - 1960.
14 21 Novick, Aaron, 1949 - 1962.
14 22 Nuclear Development Council, 1951 - 1954.
14 23 O - Miscellaneous.
14 24 Oak Ridge Scientists at Clinton, 1945.
14 25 Ohio Chemical and Manufacturing Company, 1941.
14 26 Oliphant, M.L., 1934 - 1957.
14 27 Oppenheimer, Robert, 1945 - 1957.
15 1-2 P - Miscellaneous.
15 3 Packard, L.E., 1949 - 1950.
15 4 Panofsky, Wolfgang, 1963.
15 5 Patton, James G., 1950 - 1961.
15 6 Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton, and Garrison, 1960.
15 7 Pauling, Linus, 1947 - 1960.
15 8 Pegram, G.B., 1935 - 1942.
15 9 Penn, Arthur, 1962.
15 10 Pennie, Davis, Marvin, and Barrows, 1938 - 1955.
15 11 Peters, William, 1961 - 1962.
15 12 Philips-Fabriken, 1933 - 1938.
15 13 Pickett, Clarence, 1948 - 1950.
15 14 Pines, Maya, 1962.
15 15 Placzek, G., 1934 - 1941.
15 16 Podbielniak, Inc., 1950.
15 17 Polanyi, John, 1960 - 1961.
15 18 Polanyi, Michael, 1934 - 1961.
15 19 Pomerance, Ralph and Joe, 1958 - 1961.
15 20 Pomerat, Gerard R., 1949.
15 21 Prentice, D.J., 1962.
15 22 Prentice, J. Rockefeller, 1952 - 1953.
15 23 Pressman, David, 1953 - 1956.
15 24 Princeton University, 1931 - 1952.
15 25 Puck, Theodore T., 1949 - 1958.
16 1 Q - Miscellaneous.
16 2-3 R - Miscellaneous.
16 4 Rabi, I.I., 1934 - 1960.
16 5 Rabinowitch, E., 1949 - 1960.
16 6 Radium Chemical Company, 1939 - 1945.
16 7 Rauh and Levy, 1960 - 1961.
16 8 Reader's Digest, 1952 - 1958.
16 9 Redfield, Robert, 1945 - 1952.
16 10 Reed College, 1961 - 1962.
16 11 Reiner, Jonas, 1951 - 1956.
16 12 Reissig, Hermann, 1950.
16 13 Revelle, Roger, 1951 - 1963.
16 14 Richards, 1939.
16 15 Roberts, Walter Orr, 1950 - 1951.
16 16 Rockefeller Foundation, 1951 - 1957.
16 17 Rogers, Edith, 1959 - 1962.
16 18 Roosevelt, Franklin and Eleanor, 1939 - 1961.
16 19 Rosenfeld, 1933.
16 20 Rosenstiel, Lewis, 1946 - 1955.
16 21 Rosin, Joseph, 1941.
16 22 Rotblat, J., 1957 - 1958.
16 23 Rowohlt Verlag GMBH, 1961 - 1962.
16 24 Royal Navy Scientific Service, 1936 - 1949.
16 25 Rubin, Victor, 1946.
16 26 Rusk, Dean, 1949 - 1957.
16 27 Russell, Bertrand, 1955 - 1958.
Restrictions Apply
16 28 Rutherford, Lord Ernest, 1934 - 1936.
16 29-30 Sa-Sl - Miscellaneous.
17 1-2 Sm-Sz - Miscellaneous.
17 3 Sachar, Abram L., 1953 - 1961.
17 4 Sachs, Alexander, 1939 - 1940.
17 5 Sachs, Alexander - Letter drafts, undated.
17 6 Salk, Jonas, 1957 - 1963.
17 7 Sane Nuclear Policy, 1961 - 1964.
17 8 Saturday Evening Post, 1955 - 1961.
17 9 Scheiber, Esther, 1956 - 1958.
17 10 Schiff, Leonard I., 1961 - 1962.
17 11 Schlesinger, 1933.
17 12 Schroedinger, E., 1933 - 1956.
17 13 Science, 1945 - 1952.
17 14 Scientific American, 1951 - 1963.
17 15 Scophony Limited, 1934 - 1936.
17 16 Seaborg, Glenn T., 1961.
17 17 Segoe, Ladislas, 1957.
17 18 Segre, Emilio, 1936 - 1961.
17 19 Shannon, Kay, 1963.
17 20 Shaughnessy, Donald, 1961 - 1962.
17 21 Shils, Edward, 1949 - 1957.
17 22 Shimmerlik and Belcher, 1955 - 1959.
17 23 Shurcliff, William A., 1961 - 1962.
17 24 Silard, Andrew P., 1953.
17 25 Silard, Bela - Leo Szilard's brother, 1939 - 1962.
17 26 Silard, John, 1952 - 1962.
18 1 Simon, F., 1938 - 1950.
18 2 Simon and Schuster, 1961 - 1963.
18 3 Singer, 1935.
18 4 Sizer, Irwin W., 1962.
18 5 Skobeltzyn, D.F., 1957.
18 6 Sleeper, H. Prescott, 1964.
18 7 Slick, Tom, 1957 - 1961.
18 8 Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1962 - 1963.
18 9 Smothers, Edgar, 1955.
18 10 Sonnenborn, Tracy, 1950 - 1964.
18 11 Sperry, R.W., 1964.
18 12 Stanier, Roger, 1951.
18 13 Stearns, J.C., 1942 - 1945.
18 14 Stearns, Robert L., 1950 - 1955.
18 15 Stern, Philip M., 1963.
18 16 Stern, Otto, 1932.
18 17 Stevenson, Adlai, 1961 - 1963.
18 18 Still, Joseph W., 1955 - 1962.
18 19 Stokes, Joseph, 1955 - 1964.
18 20 Stone, Shepard, 1961.
18 21 Strauss, Lewis, 1938 - 1962.
18 22 Strehler, Bernard L., 1955.
18 23 Striker, Michael, 1948 - 1954.
18 24 Stuart Oxygen Company, 1941.
18 25 Suess, Hans E., 1957.
18 26 Sullivan, Lucartha, 1951 - 1962.
18 27 Swarthmore College, 1961.
18 28 Swartz, William M., 1955 - 1961.
18 29 Switz, T.M., 1951 - 1953.
18 30 Szilard, Leo.
18 31 Szilard, Louis - Leo Szilard's father, 1947.
18 32 T - Miscellaneous.
18 33 Talmage, David W., 1957 - 1960.
18 34 Tamm, Igor, 1963.
18 35 Tatum, E.L., 1950 - 1962.
18 36 Teller, Edward, 1939 - 1963.
18 37 Tiburtius, Joachim, 1957 - 1958.
18 38 Times (London), 1958.
19 1 Tinbergen, Jan, 1955.
19 2 Titanium Alloy Manufacturing Co., 1941.
19 3 Todd, Alan R., 1949 - 1953.
19 4 Topchiev, A.V., 1957 - 1961.
19 5 Truman, Harry S., 1945.
19 6 Tuck, J.L., 1938 - 1949.
19 7 Turner, Louis A., 1940 - 1941.
19 8 Tuve, Merle, 1939.
19 9 U - Miscellaneous.
19 10 Undersecretary of State (U.K.). Aliens Department. Home Office, London, 1936 - 1938.
19 11 Union Carbide and Carbon Research, 1939 - 1941.
19 12 Union Process Company, 1947 - 1950.
19 13 U.S. Department of Commerce, 1940 - 1955.
19 14 U.S. Department of Defense, 1956 - 1964.
19 15 U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1957 - 1964.
19 16 U.S. Department of State, 1949 - 1963.
19 17 U.S. Department of the Navy, 1951 - 1957.
19 18 U.S. Department of War, 1943 - 1946.
19 19 U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development, 1941 - 1946.
19 20 U.S. Office of the Vice President, 1960.
19 21 United States Graphite Company, 1939 - 1940.
19 22 University of California, 1959 - 1964.
19 23 University of Chicago, 1942 - 1964.
19 24 University of Chicago Press, 1957 - 1961.
19 25 University of Colorado, 1951 - 1959.
19 26 University of Hartford, 1961.
19 27 University of Illinois, 1951 - 1956.
19 28 Urey, Harold C., 1940 - 1956.
20 1 Usborne, Henry, 1953 - 1954.
20 2 V - Miscellaneous.
20 3 Van Atta, L.C., 1961 - 1962.
20 4 Van Slyke, Donald D., 1957.
20 5 Victor Gollancz, Ltd., 1961.
20 6 Visconti, Niccolo, 1962 - 1964.
20 7 Vogelstein, T.M., 1936 - 1953.
20 8 von Neumann, John, 1946.
20 9-10 W - Miscellaneous.
20 11 Wald, George, 1950 - 1951.
20 12 Walkowicz, Ted F., 1956 - 1957.
20 13 Wallace, Henry A., 1945 - 1960.
20 14 Washington, George T., 1947.
20 15 Washington Post, 1946 - 1963.
20 16 Watson, James, 1959 - 1962.
20 17 Watson, Thomas J., 1962 - 1963.
20 18 Watson, W.W., 1944.
20 19 WBBM-TV, 1963.
20 20 WBC Productions, Inc., 1961 - 1962.
20 21 Weaver, Warren, 1950 - 1964.
20 22 Webb, N.C., Jr., 1959 - 1961.
20 23 Weinburg, Alvin, 1957 - 1964.
20 24 Weiss, Paul, 1957.
20 25 Weisskopf, Victor, 1939 - 1964.
20 26 Weizmann, 1934.
20 27 Weizsacker, Carl, 1957 - 1964.
20 28 Wheeler, Johna, 1940.
20 29 White, Gilbert, 1950.
20 30 White House, Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C., 1940 - 1964.
21 1 Whitmore, Willet F., 1961 - 1962.
21 2 Whyte, L.L. Esq., 1935.
21 3 Wiesner, Jerome, 1957 - 1963.
21 4 Wigner, Eugene P., 1932 - 1964.
21 5 Wilkinson, et al., 1943 - 1952.
21 6 Willett, E.L., 1952 - 1953.
21 7 Wilson, Earl A., 1953.
21 8 Wilson, Robert R., 1941 - 1962.
21 9 Witcoff, Raymond, 1955.
21 10 Witkin, Evelyn, 1949 - 1952.
21 11 Wofford, Harris, 1948 - 1960.
21 12 Women's International League, 1955.
21 13 Wood, William Maxwell, 1947.
21 14 Wooldridge, Dean, 1964.
21 15 Wright, C.S., 1936.
21 16 Y - Miscellaneous.
21 17 Yeshiva University, 1960 - 1964.
21 18 York, Foster, 1943 - 1956.
21 19 York, Herbert, 1961 - 1964.
21 20 Young, Donald, 1955.
21 21 Young, Wayland, 1961 - 1963.
21 22 Yudell, Esther, 1962 - 1963.
21 23 Z - Miscellaneous.
21 24 Zeisel, Hans and Eva, 1951 - 1954.
21 25 Zelle, Max, 1961 - 1963.
21 26 Zerwick, M.B., 1960.
21 27 Zilahy, Lajos, 1952.
21 28 Zimen, K.E., 1960 - 1963.
21 29 Zinder, Norton, 1952 - 1957.
21 30 Zinn, W.H., 1939 - 1946.
21 31 Zirkle, Raymond E., 1947.
21 32 Zuercher Woche, 1962.
21 33 Zumstein, Fritz, 1933 - 1953.

WRITINGS

Writings by Leo Szilard

Return to Menu
Box Folder Oversize
22 1-2 Untitled, 1941 - 1963.
22 3 Untitled, undated.
22 4 Bibliographic materials.
22 5 Absorption of residual neutrons. Reprint, 1935.
22 6 Aging process and the comparative strength of spermatozoa. Mimeographs, edited, 1963.
22 7 Anomalies in radioactivity induced by neutrons. Typescript and gallery proofs, 1937.
22 8 Anomalies in the Fermi effect. Typescript drafts, edited, 1936.
22 9 America, Russia, and the Bomb. New Republic, 1949.
22 10 Anti-mutagens. Reprint, 1952.
22 11 Are we on the road to war? Reprints, 1961.
22 12 Atomic bombs and the postwar position of the United States in the world. Memorandum to have been placed before President Roosevelt prior to the first bomb test in New Mexico. Typescript, carbon copies, and mimeograph censored copy, 1945.
22 13 Berlin Crisis. Reprint, 1961.
22 14 Beeinflussung polarisierter Elektronenstrahlen durch Magnetfelder, with E. Rupp, 1931.
22 15 Bund. Typescript drafts, edited, undated.
22 16 Calling for a crusade. Reprint, 1946.
23 1 Calling all stars. Mimeograph, 1949.
23 2 Can science create life? Typescript, edited, undated.
23 3 Can we avert an arms race under the present conditions? Typescript, edited, 1946.
23 4 Can we get off the road to war? Typescript, edited, and carbon copy, 1962.
23 5 Can we have international control of atomic energy? Typescript, with corrections, and prints, 1949.
23 6 Career investigators. Typescript, 1962.
23 7 Chemical analogue theory of antibody formation. Typescript, with corrections, 1957.
23 8 Chemical separation of the radioactive element from its bombarded isotope in the Fermi effect. With T. A. Chalmers. Reprint, 1934.
23 9 Chromosomal-Function Loss theory of the aging process and the dependence of the sex ratio at birth on the age of the father. Typescript drafts, edited, 1959.
23 10 Contribution of 238 fission to the fast chain reaction in enriched mixtures. Typescript draft, edited, and finished version, 1943.
23 11 Control of the chain reaction. Typescript drafts, including additional "Remarks to paper" and "General remarks to the enclosed paper", 1941.
23 12 Control of the formation of specific proteins in bacteria and in animal cells. Reprint, 1960.
23 13 Conversation with Halban. Typescript, 1944.
23 14 Conversation with K (Khrushchev) on October 5, 1960. Recorded from memory on October 9 on the basis of notes made on the day of the conversation, 1960.
23 15 Council and the Lobby. Edited draft, revisions, 1962.
23 16 Creative intelligence and society: The case of atomic research, the background in fundamental science. Typescript drafts, edited, 1946.
23 17 Cyclotron. Edited drafts, 1954.
23 18 Dependence of the sex ratio at birth on the age of the father. Reprint, 1960.
23 19 Description of a study relating to the world security problems raised by the bomb, 1958.
23 20 Description of the chemostat. Reprint, 1950.
23 21 Detection of neutrons liberated from beryllium by gamma rays: a new technique for inducing radioactivity. Reprint, 1934.
23 22 Device for growing bacterial populations under steady state conditions. Reprint, 1955.
23 23 Diary of Dr. Davis. Mimeograph master, mimeograph, and published version.
23 24 Die Polarisierung von Rontgenstrahlen durch Reflexion an Kristallen, with H.M. Reprint, 1926.
23 25 Disarmament and the problem of peace. Published print, 1955.
23 26 Disclosures of July 1939. Typescript, edited, 1939.
Divergent chain reaction in systems composed of uranium and carbon.
24 1 Background of the paper 'Divergent chain reaction in systems composed of uranium and carbon' of February 14, 1940.
24 2 A-55 Report, 1940.
24 3 A-55 Report - "Summary." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 4 A-55 Report - "Notations." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 5 A-55 Report - "Introduction." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 6 A-55 Report - "Quotations." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 7 A-55 Report - "Single spheres of uranium." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 8 A-55 Report - "Lattice of uranium spheres." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 9 A-55 Report - "Spacing of the lattice." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 10 A-55 Report - "Balance of emissions and absorption of neutrons by uranium." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 11 A-55 Report - "Conditions for a chain reaction." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 12 A-55 Report - "Critical dimensions." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 13 A-55 Report - "Measurements." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 14 A-55 Report - "Stabilizing the chain reaction." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 15 A-55 Report - "Figure", 1940.
24 16 A-55 Report - "Conclusions." Typescript, edited, 1940.
24 17 A-55 Report - Photocopy draft mailed to Szilard to establish date, 1940.
24 18-19 A-55 Report - Typescript drafts, 1940.
24 20 A-55 Report - Handwritten notes, 1940.
24 21 A-55 Report - Handwritten drafts, 1940.
24 22 FB-129-03 A-55 Report - Figures, 1940.
24 23 A-55 Report - "Divergent chain reaction in systems composed of uranium and carbon", 1946.
24 24 A-55 Report - "In place of a summary", 1946.
24 25 A-55 Report - Notes, added in May 1946, 1946.
24 26 A-55 Report - "Nuclear chain reaction in a system composed of uranium, beryllium and carbon", 1940.
24 27 Draft for a film - Autobiographical. Handwritten rough draft, undated.
24 28 Draft of a letter - On world peace, 1948.
24 29 Draft proposal - On disarmament, 1961.
25 1 Effect of the atomic stalemate on the chances of reaching a political settlement with Russia, 1955.
25 2 Ein einfacher Versuch zur Auffindung eines selektiven Effektes bei der Zerstreuung von Rontgenstrahlen. With H. Mark. Reprint, 1925.
25 3 Emission of neutrons by uranium, with W.H. Zinn. Reprint, 1939.
25 4 Experiments on light-reactivation of ultraviolet inactivated bacteria. With Aaron Novick. Reprint, 1949.
25 5 Experiments on spontaneous and chemically induced mutations of bacteria growing in the chemostat. With Aaron Novick, 1951.
25 6 Experiments on the breeder. Typescript, 1952.
25 7 Experiments on the production of the 'Compound' using double-auxotrophs. Edited draft with data, final copy, 1953.
25 8 Experiments with the chemostat on spontaneous mutations of bacteria. With Aaron Novick. Edited drafts, mimeographs, reprint, 1950.
25 9 Experiments with the chemostat on the rates of amino acid synthesis in bacteria. With Aaron Novick. Typescript, figures, reprint, 1954.
25 10 Facts about the hydrogen bomb, 1950.
25 11 Fast neutron fission of U238 and the production of element 94-238 from U238. Preliminary report. Typescript, mimeograph, 1943.
25 12 Final report. Results of work with Aaron Novick. Typescript, mimeograph, 1953.
25 13 Financing of higher education in the professional schools of the U. of Chicago. Typescript, undated.
25 14 For Newsweek. Disarmament, 1962.
25 15 Franck Report, 1945.
Free market economy in a 'constant flow' monetary system.
25 16 Edited draft and final copy, 1949.
25 17 Handwritten notes.
25 18 Typewritten notes.
25 19 Gamma rays excited by capture of neutrons. Draft and reprint, 1937.
25 20 General recommendations concerning research on uranium, undated.
25 21 Genetic mechanisms in bacteria and bacterial viruses. Experiments on spontaneous and chemically induced mutations of bacteria growing in the chemostat, with Aaron Novick. Reprint, 1951.
25 22 Getting off the line of least resistance. Disarmament, 1962.
25 23 Great dilemma. Edited typescript, 1957.
25 24 Growth factor limited bacterial populations kept in the growth phase, 1950.
25 25 Has the time come to abrogate war?, undated.
25 26 H-bomb and the scientists, 1950.
26 1 Homologous suppression in man. Rough draft, 1963.
26 2 How did it all begin? Council and Lobby for Abolishing War. Draft, 1962.
How do amino acids read the code?.
26 3 Mimeographs, 1957.
26 4 Mimeograph masters.
26 5 Drafts.
26 6 How should one go about developing the field of quantitative biology in Europe? Draft, 1963.
26 7 How to kill your husband and get away with it. Rough draft, undated.
How to live with the Bomb and survive - The possibility of a Pax Russo-Americana in the Long-Range Rocket Stage of the so-called Atomic Stalemate.
26 8 Reprint, 1960.
26 9 Memorandum on the Bomb. Drafts, 1957.
26 10 Memorandum on 'How to live with the Bomb', 1957.
26 11 Second version, undated.
26 12 Rough draft, undated.
26 13 Draft, 1959.
26 14 How to secure peace in a disarmed world. Typescript, 1961.
26 15 Idea of a working group to plan a program of scientific development in fertility control, 1952.
26 16 If in trouble- the truth. Handwritten notes and rough draft, 1950.
26 17 Induction of mutations in mammals by ionizing radiation. Edited drafts and final copy, 1961.
26 18 Inelastic scattering of fast neutrons by Fe, Pb, and Bi. With S. Bernstein, B. Feld, and J. Ashkin. Reprint, 1948.
Instantaneous emission of fast neutrons in the interaction of slow neutrons with uranium. With Walter Zinn.
26 19 Reprint, 1939.
26 20 Edited drafts and figures, 1939.
26 21 Instructions that may be given to the participants of a proposed study concerning the issue of how to secure the peace in the disarmed world." Typescript. (Pugwash) English and Russian, 1962.
27 1 Joliot. Edited draft, undated.
27 2 Kathy and the Bear. Edited draft and mimeograph copy, 1949.
27 3 Last chance for patriots. Typescript, 1955.
27 4 Laughing juice, 1957.
27 5 Letter in the open. Rough draft for article for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Typescript and mimeograph, 1950.
27 6 Letter to Stalin. Reprint and mimeograph, 1947.
27 7 Letters to the Editor. Miscellaneous letters in chronological order.
27 8 Liberation of neutrons from beryllium by x-rays. Radioactivity induced by means of electron tubes, with others. Reprint, 1934.
27 9 Liquid metal cooled fast neutron breeders. Typescript and carbon, 1945.
27 10 Losses in slowing neutrons. Carbon, undated.
27 11 Mark Gable Foundation. First version, mimeograph master, mimeograph, final copy, 1948.
Market economy free from trade cycles.
27 12 Mimeograph first version, 1946.
27 13 Rough draft, undated.
27 14 Draft, mimeograph master, mimeograph final copy, 1948.
27 15 Meat: The art of the possible. Edited typescript, undated.
27 16 Medical Counselor'- a new profession. Typescript, 1960.
27 17 Meeting of the Minds. Drafts, undated.
27 18 FB-129-04 Meeting 22 August 1941. Formula for argument for a chain reaction.
27 19 Message from Leo Szilard. Short and "longish" version, 1962.
27 20 Messenger RNA and the controls of the formation of specific proteins in bacteria. Drafts, 1961.
27 21 Mined cities, 1961.
27 22 Minimal deterrent versus saturation parity - Reprint, March 1964. Printed copy, January 1964. Draft entitled, "Let us put up or shut up," 22 December 1963. Draft entitled, "Farewell to arms control," 16-17 December 1963.
28 1 Molecular basis of antibody formation. Drafts and reprints, 1960.
28 2 Moon can wait. Typescript, 1964.
28 3 My trial as a war criminal. Mimeograph master, mimeograph final copy and reprint, 1948.
28 4 Natural stability or unstability of the chain reaction, undated.
28 5 Need we keep on risking war? Edited typescript, 1963.
28 6 Negotiating from strength- a previous fallacy. Handwritten notes and edited typescript.
28 7 Negotiation from strength or a meeting of the minds. Edited draft.
28 8 Neutron production and absorption in uranium, with H.L. Anderson and E. Fermi. Reprint, 1939.
28 9 Nicolai Machiavellnikow. Drafts, mimeograph master, mimeograph final copy, 1949.
28 10 Notes to Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. Typescript, 1949.
28 11 Observations on the promotion of the progress of science. Typescript, 1946.
On Disarmament.
28 12 Final copy, 1961.
28 13 Draft, 1961.
28 14 Draft typed chapters, 1961.
On memory and recall.
28 15 Drafts, preprints, galley proof, figures and final reprint, 1964.
28 16 Reprint requests.
29 1 Transcription from shorthand notebooks of Dr. Leo Szilard's paper, 1964.
29 2-3 FB-129-05 Figures.
29 4 MC-XXX-01 Diagram.
29 5 On nuclear chain reactions and their bearing on the question of power production. Drafts, 1934.
29 6 On racial security. Rough draft, 1946.
29 7 On the cooling of the power plant. Memorandum and figures, 1942.
29 8 On the decrease of entrophy in a thermodynamic system by the intervention of intelligent beings. Galley proofs and reprint, 1964.
29 9 On the formation of adaptive enzymes. Drafts, 1957.
29 10 On the inheritance of longevity. Rough draft of first half of the paper, 1963.
29 11 On the molecular basis of memory. Draft, 1964.
29 12 On the molecular basis of long term memory. Shorthand notebook #1 transcribed posthumously, 1964.
On the nature of the aging process.
29 13 Reprint, 1959.
29 14 Drafts and final copy, 1958.
29 15 On the occasional dominance of the 'perceptible phenotype' in man. Draft and mimeograph, 1963.
29 16 On the possibility of demonstrating desoxyribonuclease produced transformation in mammals. Edited typescript, 1957.
On the possibility of a Pax Russo-Americana in a stable atomic stalemate.
30 1 Outline. Rough draft, 1958.
30 2 Rough draft, 1958.
30 3 Mimeograph, first rough draft and outline, 1958.
30 4 On the possibility of detecting 'transformation' of somatic cells of mammals or birds. Typescript, mimeograph master, and mimeograph final copy, 1957.
30 5 On the so-called Berlin Crisis. Revised version, 1961.
30 6 Only real issue- justice. Typescript, 1955.
30 7 Orders of magnitude. Bacteria growth, undated.
30 8 Origin of the natural antibodies for human blood group antigens. Rough first draft. Typescript, 1956.
30 9 Outline. [For a book?] Rough draft, 1960.
30 10 Outline for a play, T.V. show, or movie. Typescript, 1960.
30 11 Plan for a project. Typescript, 1955.
30 12 Playlet (Scene playing in a Philadelphia Barroom), 1962.
30 13 Political settlement in Europe, 1961.
30 14 Post war events and the Russian disarmament proposals of 1960. Edited typescript.
30 15 Pre-heating of a bismuth cooled pile. Typescript with handwritten notes, 1942.
30 16 Preliminary report on fission caused by fission neutrons. Edited typescript and photo copy with figure, 1941.
30 17 Preliminary report on inelastic collision of neutrons in uranium and other heavy elements. With W.H. Zinn. Typescript and carbon, 1941.
30 18 Preliminary report on the capture of neutrons by uranium in the energy region of photo neutrons from radium-beryllium sources. With John Marshall, Jr.. Typescript, 1941.
30 19 Preliminary report on the meeting of uranium powder. Typescript and carbon, 1941.
30 20 Proposal. Public interest fellowship organization, 1961.
30 21 Proposal. A group to meet with members of the Kennedy Administration, 1963.
30 22 Proposal by Professor Leo Szilard, 1961.
30 23 Proposal for a general approach to the problem of peace. Second rough draft, 1955.
30 24 Proposal for a specific approach to the problem of peace. First draft, 1955.
30 25 Proposal for an inquiry, 1955.
30 26 Proposal conference on research prospecti in biological aging. Outline.
30 27 Proposed conversation with Bush. First rough draft. Three parts, 1944.
31 1 Questionnaire. Draft, 1948.
31 2 Quotes. Typescript, 1963.
31 3 Radioactivity induced by neutrons, with T.A. Chalmers. Reprint, 1935.
31 4 Radioactivity induced by nuclear excitation: Excitation by neutrons. With M. Goldhaber, and R.D. Hill. Reprint, 1939.
31 5 Raising the educational level of freshmen entering college, 1954.
31 6 Reasons for the 9 values in A-55. Typescript with handwritten notes, 1943.
31 7 Remarks concerning L'operon, 1960.
31 8 Remarks concerning the use of slowing agents. Typescript and carbon, 1943.
31 9 Remarks on the Fast Neutron Fission. Edited typescript, 1942.
31 10 Remarks to Mr. Drumond's letter of July 20, 1949.
31 11 Report on "Grand Central Terminal" - Mimeograph master and copy, 1948. Reprint, June 1952.
31 12 FB-129-10 Results of the calculation of 'q' for the spherical case, 1941.
31 13 Resume- Lest we forget. Typescript and handwritten notes, 1944.
31 14 Revolutions. Edited draft.
31 15 Science is my racket. First draft, 1948.
31 16 Scientist's Peace Formula. Mimeograph master, 1947.
31 17 Security risk. Rough draft and reprint, 1954.
31 18 Semi-neutrality in saturation parity. Draft and revisions, 1963.
31 19 Security and equity. Edited draft, 1950.
31 20 Shall we face the facts? Mimeograph master and copy, 1949.
31 21 Shall we speak up now? Draft, 1953.
31 22 Shall we yield or fight?, 1949.
31 23 Short report on the progress made in work on uranium during the last three months, 1941.
31 24 Snoring machine. Edited drafts.
31 25 Something must be done. Draft, 1963.
Statements.
31 26 Loyalty investigations, 1954.
31 27 E. Fermi and L. Szilard, 1940.
31 28 On smoking research. Mimeograph master, 1957.
31 29 Bomb shelters and nuclear war, 1961.
31 30 Submitted to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the U.S. Senate, 1963.
31 31 Pugwash, Canada. Mimeograph master and typescript, 1957.
31 32 Proposed for adoption by the Council of the University of Chicago, 1949.
31 33 "One minute statement" and "five minute statement." Typescript, 1960.
31 34 Sting of the Bee in saturation parity. Edited typescript, edited version, and reprint, 1963.
31 35 Strategic stalemate -- where it stands at present, and what form it may take in the forseeable future.
32 1 Studies of mutation rates in bacteria." With Aaron Novick. Reprint, 1953.
32 2 Summary - England's strategic position. Edited typescript, 1963.
32 3 Summary - Arm's control, 1964.
32 4 Suppression of an antibody forming chromosome by the homologous chromosome. Edited typescript, 1964.
32 5 Ten Commandments. English translation of Szilard's "Zehn Gebote".
32 6 Theory of aging. Reprint, 1959.
32 7 Tombstone of science. Edited drafts.
32 8 Uber die Ausdehnung der phanomenologischen Thermodynamik auf die Schwankungserscheinungen. Reprint, 1925.
32 9 Uber die Entropieverminderung in einem thermodynamischen System bei Eingriffen intelligenter Wesen. Reprint.
32 10 Use of threshold detectors for fast neutron studies. With Bernard T. Feld and R. Scalettar, 1947.
32 11 Vaccination of the delayed type. Typescript, mimeograph master, and mimeograph, 1957.
32 12 Virus strains of identical phenotype but different genotype. With Aaron Novick. Drafts, mimeograph, and reprint, 1950 - 1951.
Voice of the Dolphins and other stories.
American edition.
32 13 Copy, 1961.
32 14 Proof, 1961.
British edition.
32 15-16 Copy 1 & 2, 1961.
33 1 Copy 3, 1961.
French edition.
33 2 Copy, 1962.
33 3 Proof, 1962.
33 4 Italian edition, 1962.
33 5 Brazilian edition, 1963.
33 6-7 German edition - Includes typescript, 1963.
33 8 Dutch edition, 1964.
33 9 Japanese edition.
34 1 Russian edition.
34 2 Appendix no. 2 (unpublished).
34 3 Excerpt, 1960.
34 4-5 Excerpt, undated.
34 6 Play adaptation - "Die stimme der delphine".
34 7 List of reviewers.
34 8 Rough draft - "Corrected first version", 1960.
34 9 We turned the switch, 1948.
34 10 Welche methoden eignen sich zur forderung der biologischen forschung in Deutschland, 1957.
34 11 Weiner's text.
34 12 What blocks disarmament. Edited typescript, 1962.
34 13 What is wrong with the Chicago Project? Typescript.
34 14 What is wrong with us?, 1942.
34 15 What the Ford Foundation could do for higher education. Typescript, 1951.
34 16 Where will your children spend the war. Rough draft.
34 17 Why America may come to grief, 1963.
34 18 Why not meaningful arms control. Draft, 1964.
34 19 You do not want war with Russia. Manuscript and typescript, 1952.
34 20 Zehn Gebote. Mimeograph master and mimeograph. See Szilard's "Ten Commandments" for the English translation, 1940.
Box Folder Oversize
Miscellaneous.
34 21 Contract drafts.
34 22 Designs.
34 23 Handwritten notes.
34 24 Invention. "Process for the production of radio active cobalt".
34 25 Patent forms and regulations.
34 26 Memorandum regarding sale of patents and inventions: facts, 1944.
34 27 Aide memoire. Informal recapitulation of the conversations between Brasch, Szilard, Vogelstein, and Strauss, 1938.
34 28 Patent correspondence chronology from 1935 to 1937.
35 1 Fur Rontgenstrahlen empfindliche Zelle, with Imre Patai. Cells, sensitive to X-rays, 1924.
35 2 Improvements in or relating to Electron Discharge Tubes, 1925.
35 3 Refrigerating apparatus without absorption of the cooling agent, with Albert Einstein, 1927.
35 4 Refrigerating machines in which the pumping of liquid is effected by intermittently increasing the vapor pressure, 1927.
35 5 Improvements in refrigerating processes and apparatus, 1928.
35 6 Improvements in or relating to Electric Condensers, 1928.
35 7 Improvements in and relating to refrigerating machines, 1928.
35 8 Ontladingsbuis voor regelbare ontlading, with Siemens-Schuckertwerke, 1928.
35 9 Electro dynamic movement of fluid metals particularly for refrigerating machines, 1928.
35 10 Verfahren zum Gieben von Metallen in Formen unter Anwendung elektrischer Strome. Procedure for pouring of metals in forms by use of electric currents, 1929.
35 11 Kaltespeicher. Cold storage unit, 1929.
35 12 Pump, especially for refrigerating machines, 1929.
35 13 Intermittierend wirkende Kaltemaschine mit getrenntem Kocher and Absorber. Intermittently acting refrigeration machine with separated boiler and absorption unit, 1930.
35 14 Entladungsrohre mit Steuerung des Anodenstromes, 1930.
35 15 Kaltemaschine. Refrigeration machine, 1930.
35 16 Refrigeration, with Albert Einstein, 1930.
35 17 Pumpe, 1931.
35 18 Vorrichtung zur Bewegung von flussigen Metallen, 1932.
35 19 Beschleunigung von Korpuskeln, 1932.
35 20 Korpuskularstrahlrohre, 1932.
35 21 Absperrogan, 1932.
35 22-24 Kaltemaschine, with Albert Einstein, 1933.
35 25 Entladungsrohre, bei welcher eine Gasentladung als Elektronenquelle dient. Discharge tube with gas discharge serving as a source of electrons, 1933.
35 26 Kompressor, with Albert Einstein, 1933.
35 27 Vorrichtung zur Bewegung von flussigem Metall, insbesondere zur Verdichtung von Gasen und Dampfen in Kaltemaschinen. Apparatus for the movement of liquid metals, specifically for condensation of gases and vapors in refrigerating machines, 1933.
35 28 Pumpe, vorzugeweise fur Kattemaschinen, with Albert Einstein, 1933.
35 29 Kompressor, im besonderen fur Kaltemaschinen, 1933.
35 30 Kaltemaschine, 1933.
35 31 Stator fur Kaltemaschinen, 1933.
35 32 Pumpe, vorzugsweise fur Kaltemaschinen, with Albert Einstein, 1933.
35 33 Elektromagnetisch Vorrichtung zur Erzeugung einer oszillierenden Bewegung. Electromagnetic apparatus for the production of oscillating motion, 1933.
35 34 Kaltemaschine, 1933.
35 35 Warmeubertrager, 1933.
35 36 Werkwijze voor het comprimeeren van den damp van het koudmakend middel in een koelmachine en koelmachine, geschikt voor de toepassing vandeze werkwijze, 1933.
35 37 Pumpe, insbesondere zur Verdichtung von Gasen und Dampfen in Kaltemaschinen, 1933.
35 38 Vorrichtung zur Bewegung von flussigen Metallen, 1933.
35 39 Asynchronous and Synchronous Transformers for Particles, 1934.
35 40 Reproduction of Books, 1934.
36 1 Transmutation of Chemical Elements, 1934.
36 2 Vorrichtung zur Bewegung von flussigem Metall, 1934.
36 3 Reproduction of Sound, 1934.
36 4 Kaltemaschine, 1934.
36 5 Verfahren zumm elektrochemischen Aufzeichnen von Sprechstromen, 1934.
36 6 Transmutation of chemical elements by one or more efficient particles, 1934.
36 7 Transmutation of elements by fast particles, 1934.
36 8 Transmutation of chemical elements by efficient particles, 1934.
36 9 Transmutation of Matter, 1934.
36 10 Artificial Transmutation of Matter, 1934.
36 11 Transmutation of Matter by Sygma Particles, 1934.
36 12 Transmutation of chemical elements, 1935.
36 13 Apparatus for Nuclear Transmutation, 1935.
36 14 Improvements in or relating to the Transmutation of Chemical Elements, 1935.
36 15 Improvements in or relating to the Transmutation of Chemical Elements, 1936.
36 16 Patent no. 1281, 1937.
36 17 Improvements in or relating to the Transmutation of Chemical Elements, 1938.
36 18 Apparatus for Nuclear Transmutation, 1938.
36 19 Carrier of a chain reaction, 1939.
37 1 Process of producing Radio-Active elements. Great Britain, 12 March 1934, 1939.
37 2 Method of Cooling and Use of Beryllium, 1940.
37 3 Einschrankungen, 1941.
37 4 1943, 25 March.
Chain Reaction.
37 5 Chain Reaction, 1943.
37 6 Claim, 1943.
37 7 Introduction, 1943.
37 8 General Remarks on Cooling, 1943.
37 9 Figure 105, 1943.
37 10 Arrangement Class lC alpha, 1943.
37 11 Controls, 1943.
37 12 Slowing Agents, 1943.
37 13 Approximate Theory, 1943.
37 14 Heavy Water, 1943.
37 15 Figures, 1943.
37 16 Szilard purchases patent rights from Isbert Adams, 1943.
37 17 Government purchase of Szilard patent rights for reactor, 1943.
38 1 Method of operating a neutronic reactor, with Enrico Fermi, 1944.
38 2 Neutronic Reaction, with Enrico Fermi, 1944.
38 3 Nuclear Chain Reactions, 1945.
38 4 Means for Testing Materials, 1945.
38 5 Air cooled neutronic reactor, with Enrico Fermi, 1945.
38 6 Neutronic reactor, with Enrico Fermi, 1945.
38 7 Jacketed fuel elements for graphite moderated reactors. With Eugene P. Wigner and Edward C. Crentz, 1946.
38 8 Method of intermittently operating a neutronic reactor, 1946.
38 9 Method for unloading reactors, 1946.
38 10 Heavy water moderated neutronic reactor, 1946.
38 11 Neutronic reactor and fuel element, with Gale J. Young, 1946.
38 12 Jacketed fuel element, with Edward C. Creutz and Eugene P. Wigner, 1946.
38 13 Massive leakage irradiator, with Eugene P. Wigner, Robert F. Christy, and Francis L. Friedman, 1946.
38 14 Gas-cooled nuclear reactor. British application for USA- 29 May 1945, 1946.
38 15 Reactor, 1946.
38 16 List of inventions, 1946.
38 17 Liquid extractor, 1946.
38 18 Image multiplier, 1948.
Liquid-liquid extractor.
38 19 Patent materials, 1950.
38 20 MC-038-09 Diagrams, 1950.
38 21 Process for producing microbial metabolites, 1951.
38 22 Adding machine, 1953.
38 23 Process for the preservation of bull sperm, 1953.
39 1 Cigarette holder, 1954.
39 2 Process and apparatus for de-salting sea water, 1954.
39 3 Application by Leo Szilard for just compensation and/or an award, 1955.
39 4 Process and apparatus for slowing the aging of man and similar large mammilian organisms, 1955.
39 5 Therapeutic Dairy Products, 1956.
39 6 Agents for producing Disease Resistance, 1957.
39 7 Poliomyelitis vaccinations, 1957.
39 8 Mikroskop, 1957.
39 9 Dictating Machine, 1957.
39 10 Thermo Electric Generator, 1959.
39 11 Thermo-electric generator based on thermionic emission in an alkali metal vapor atmosphere, 1959.
39 12 Miscellaneous patents by others.
Box Folder Oversize
40 1 Account of the Chicago Project.
40 2 Aide Memoir, 1942.
40 3 Bomb development, 1939.
40 4 Book. Transcription of handwritten notes, 1975.
40 5 History of the atomic bomb development.
40 6 History of the Manhattan Project. Handwritten notes, 1942.
40 7 In Germany.
40 8 Insertion.
40 9 Long history, second version.
40 10 Memoirs. Dictated, 1960.
40 11 Nuclear fission development in Europe. Handwritten notes.
40 12 Pages 25 to 29 of an unedited manuscript of Leo Szilard, 1961.
40 13 Reminiscences, 1968.
40 14 Short history of the last year, 1942.
40 15 Story of a petition, 1946.
40 16 Mr. Strauss.
40 17 Uranium project "General remarks: Rough drafts #".

Interviews

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Box Folder Oversize
CBS Reports.
40 18 Disarmament: Szilard and Strauss..., 1960.
40 19 Doctor Szilard interviews Doctor Watson.
40 20 Doctor Szilard interviews Doctor Teller.
40 21 Doctor Szilard and Doctor Bethe Discussion, 1960.
40 23 Disarmament: An interview with a Professor Szilard, 1960.
40 22 Mike Wallace Interview, 1961.
40 24 Darrow, K.K. Interview with L. Szilard on history of February 12, 1945.
40 25 Excerpts from taped interview, Dr. Leo Szilard, 1963.
40 26 Lien, Connie. An interview with Leo Szilard as told to Connie Lien.
40 27 Man Tomorrow: An interview recorded at Dubrovnik with Professor Leo Szilard.
40 28 Smith, Alice Kimball. The Elusive Dr. Szilard, 1960.
40 29 Steiner, Arthur. The Ten Commandments.
40 30 U.S News and World Report. Interview with Dr. Szilard, 1960.

Memoranda

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Box Folder Oversize
41 1 Undated.
41 2 1934.
41 3-10 1939 - 1946.
41 11-23 1949 - 1961.
42 1-3 1962 - 1964.
Box Folder Oversize
42 4 Council, MIT.
42 5 1945 - General considerations concerning the atomic bomb.
42 6-7 1945 - Atomic Energy Control Conference at the University of Chicago.
42 8 1945, 12 November.
42 9 1945 - Forum of the Nation Associates.
42 10 1946 - Princeton speech.
42 11 1947, 10 January.
42 12 1947 - Chicago speech.
42 13 1947 - Bloomingham speech.
42 14 1947 - Portland, Oregon speech.
42 15 1947 - Atomic energy, a source of power or a source of trouble, Spokane.
42 16 1947 - Portland and Spokane. Travel correspondence.
42 17 1949, 16 November.
42 18 1949 - Can we have international control of atomic energy? Rochester Institute of International Affairs.
42 19 1950, 24 October.
42 20 1953, 23 October.
42 21 1953, 30 October.
42 22 1953, November 19 - Speech at Brandeis, General Education.
42 23 1954, June 15.
42 24 1954, September.
42 25 1954 - The sensitive minority among men of science, Brandeis University, 1954.
42 26 1957 - Chemostat, 1957.
42 27 1957 - Berlin speech.
42 28 1958 - At Endicott House.
42 29 1959 - Toasts and notes from the Baden Conference.
42 30 1960 - Response.
42 31 1962 - Are we on the road to war? Speech at Berkeley.
42 32 1962 - Are we on the road to war? Public response.
42 33 1962, 18 August.

Handwritten Notes

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Box Folder Oversize
43 1 A.E.C. (Atomic Energy Commission).
43 2 Aging. (S-48).
43 3 Airplane.
43 4 Antibody letters - (V-83).
43 5 Biology Algae - (E-33).
43 6 Biology - (B-1).
43 7 Biology - (D-13).
43 8 Biology - (S-65) "Memory".
43 9 Biology - (E-11).
43 10 Biology - (E-40).
43 11 Biology - (E-50) "Fertility".
43 12 Biology - (E-52).
43 13 Biology - (H-5).
43 14 Biology - (R-22a).
43 15 Biology - (R-26).
43 16 Biology - "DNA", undated.
43 17 Biology - (S-52).
43 18 Biology - (E-47), 1950.
43 19 Biology - (I-21), 1948.
43 20 Biology - (I-26), 1947 - 1948.
43 21 Biology - (H-14) "Chemostat", 1948 - 1950.
43 22 FB-129-01 Biology - (I-22), "Experiment of May 11, 1949".
43 23 Biology - (H-33), 1949.
43 24 Biology - (I-23), 1949 - 1950.
43 25 Biology, 1950.
43 26 Biology - (H-17), 1950.
43 27 Biology - (E-35), 1950 - 1955.
43 28 Biology - (E-32), 1951.
43 29 Biology - (E-36), 1951.
43 30 Biology - (E-26), 1951.
43 31 Biology - (I-28), 1951.
43 32 Biology - (I-30) "Algae", 1951.
43 33 Biology - (E-24), 1952.
43 34 Biology - (H-42), 1952.
43 35 Biology - (H-43), 1952.
43 36 Biology - (I-18), 1952.
43 37 Biology - (E-38), 1953.
43 38 FB-129-12 Biology - Figures.
43 39 Biology - (R-34), 1953.
43 40 Biology - (E-49), 1955.
43 41 Biology - (R-43), 1955.
43 42 Biology - (H-21a), 1956.
43 43 Biology - (A-2), 1957.
43 44 Biology - (A-20), 1957.
43 45 Biology - "Amino Acids", 1957.
43 46 Biology - (V-71), ca. 1959.
43 47 Biology - (V-9), 1961.
43 48 Biology - (V-46), 1962.
43 49 Citations - (V-41).
43 50 Cities, 1953.
43 51 Cities - (V-109), 1961.
44 1 Disarmament - General.
44 2 Disarmament - (S-71).
44 3 Disarmament - (V-11).
44 4 Family statistics. (S-57).
44 5 Foundation: Commission - (K-13), 1955.
44 6 Hydrogen bombs.
44 7 Khrushchev.
44 8 Letter - (L-16).
44 9 Letter to Compton - (s.b.s. 4).
44 10 Letter to Editor - (K-9), 1955.
44 11 Medical insurance at Salk - (S-28).
44 12 Miscellaneous - (S-17).
44 13 Miscellaneous - (V-22).
44 14 Miscellaneous - (V-94).
44 15 Miscellaneous - (A-19).
44 16 Miscellaneous - (H-23).
44 17 Miscellaneous - (J-10).
44 18 Miscellaneous - (R-37).
44 19 Miscellaneous - General.
44 20 Miscellaneous - (b.b.s. 22).
44 21 Miscellaneous - (b.b.s. 48).
44 22 Miscellaneous - (s.b.s. 9).
44 23 Miscellaneous - (3 b.s. 17).
44 24 Miscellaneous - (Hist-E).
44 25 Miscellaneous - (b.b.s. 8), 1941.
44 26 Miscellaneous - (Hist-K, 3 b.s. 15), 1941.
44 27 Miscellaneous - (E-25), 1949.
44 28 Miscellaneous - (I-25), 1948 - 1950.
44 29 Miscellaneous - (H-13), 1950.
44 30 Miscellaneous - (E-22), 1951.
44 31 Miscellaneous - (R-31), 1951.
44 32 Miscellaneous - (R-38), 1953.
44 33 Miscellaneous - (R-11), 1954.
44 34 Miscellaneous - (R-27), 1953 - 1954.
44 35 Miscellaneous - (L-19), 1958.
44 36 Miscellaneous - (V-104), 1961.
44 37 Miscellaneous - (S-16), 1964.
44 38 Names and Addresses - (S-4).
44 39 Names and Addresses - (V-15).
44 40 Names and Addresses - (V-44).
44 41 Names and Addresses - (R-40), 1954.
44 42 Names and Addresses - (V-14), 1960.
44 43 Names and Addresses - (V-8), 1960.
44 44 Names and Addresses - (V-101), 1960.
44 45 Names and Addresses - (V-76), 1961.
44 46 Names and Addresses - (V-99), 1961.
44 47 Names and Addresses - (V-108), 1961.
44 48 Names and Addresses - (V-84), ca. 1962.
44 49 Names and Addresses - (V-98), 1962.
44 50 Names and Addresses - (S-51), 1963.
44 51 Names and Addresses - (V-29), 1963.
44 52 Names and Addresses - (V-23), 1963.
44 53 Physics - (3 b.s. 9).
44 54 Physics - Uranium works. (B-8), 1939.
44 55 Physics - (Hist. K, 3 b.s. 15-A), 1940.
44 56 Physics - (b.b.s. 32), 1941.
44 57 Physics - Chain reaction, 1942.
44 58 Physics - Delayed neutrons, 1943.
44 59 Physics - (V-13), 1946.
44 60 Pugwash: Quebec (post) - (L-17), 1958.
44 61 Red Money.
44 62 Resume - (R-6).
44 63 Spartanburg, Ill. - (3 b.s. 12), 1945.
44 64 Tea/Alcohol, 1952.
44 65 U.S. Department of State - (A-24), 1949.

Notebooks

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Box Folder Oversize
45 1 Early uranium work, 1939.
45 2 Physics, 1939.
45 3 1939, April 2.
45 4 Patents - Liquid/Liquid extractor, 1946.
45 5 Biology, 1946 - 1947.
45 6 Theory - (Chicago), 1949.
45 7 1949.
45 8 1949-1950.
45 9 Biology - "Plans for 51.", 1950.
46 1 Algae, 1950.
46 2 Biology - (Chicago), 1950.
46 3 Biology - (Chicago), 1951.
46 4 Biology, 1951 - 1952.
46 5 Bull sperm, 1952.
46 6 Biology, 1952 - 1953.
46 7 Diet calculator, 1953.
46 8 Sperm, 1953.
46 9-10 Biology, 1955 - 1956.
47 1-2 Biology, 1956 - 1957.
47 3 Enzymes, 1957.
47 4-7 Biology - (Chicago), 1957.
47 8 Biology, 1958.
48 1 Biology - "Aging.", 1958.
48 2 Biology, 1958.
48 3-4 1964.
48 5 Brain, 1964.
48 6 Biology, 1964.
48 7 Bethe Chicago.
48 8 Biology - (aging).
48 9-13 Biology, undated.
49 1-2 Biology, undated.
49 3 Biology - (Chicago). Includes draft of "Science is my racket" and "Chemostat".
49 4-6 Biology - (Chicago).
49 7 Biology - "Immunity II." (Chicago).
49 8 Counts # 2.
49 9 Patents - Liquid/Liquid extractor.
50 1 Physics - (G-22).
50 2 Physics - "Uranium".
50 3 Szilard - Balazc.
50 4 University of Colorado cover.
50 5 Heat transfer, refractories, metals, high temperature.
50 6-8 Undated.

Publications By Other Authors

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Box Folder Oversize
51 1 Bibliographic citations.
51 2 General Miscellaneous.
51 3 Unidentified authors.
51 4 Adams, Mark H.
51 5 Adey, W. Ross.
51 6 Adler, F. and H. von Halban.
51 7 Alexander, Mary L.
51 8 Alexander, Peter P.
51 9 Altenburg, Edgar.
51 10 Amaldi, Edoardo.
51 11 American Institute of Biological Sciences.
51 12 American Physical Society.
51 13 American Scientist.
51 14 Ames, Bruce N.
51 15 Amrine, Michael.
51 16 Anderson, Norman G.
51 17 Andrew, Warren.
51 18 Anker, H.S.
51 19 Armitage, P.
51 20 Atomic Industrial Forum, Inc.
51 21 Atwood, K.C.
51 22 Barr, Stringfellow.
51 23 Barrows, C.H.
51 24 Beadle, George Wells.
51 25 Beale, G.H.
51 26 Beals, Carleton.
52 1 Beatty, R.A.
52 2 Benet, Stephen Vincent.
52 3 Benoit, Emile.
52 4 Benoit, Jacques et al.
52 5 Benzer, Seymour.
52 6 Berg, Benjamin.
52 7 Berger, Heinz.
52 8 Berlin, N.I. and F.L. Dimaggio.
52 9 Bertani, G.
52 10 Beutler, Ernest et al.
52 11 Bjorksten, J.
52 12 Black, Stephen.
52 13 Bloch, Konrad.
52 14 Blum, Harold F.
52 15 Blum, Walter J.
52 16 Bok, Bart J.
52 17 Boots, Ralph.
52 18 Borek, Ernest.
52 19 Brasch, Arno et al.
52 20 Brealey, G.J.
52 21 Brenner, S.
52 22 Brent, L.
52 23 Brillouin, L.
52 24 Brower, Michael and Peter J. Sharfman.
52 25 Brown, Harrison and Amron Katz.
52 26 Bryson, Vernon.
52 27 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
53 1-2 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
53 3 Burnet, F.M.
53 4 Burton, K.
53 5 Burton, L. et al.
53 6 Buttin, Gerard.
53 7 Byrnes, James F.
53 8 Campbell, John W. Jr.
53 9 Carroll, Lewis.
53 10 Cavalli, Luigi L.
53 11 Changeux, J.P. et al.
53 12 Chase, Merrill W.
53 13 Chemical and Engineering News.
53 14 Clark, Grenville.
53 15 Clark, Joseph S.
53 16 Cohen, Seymour.
53 17 Cohn, M.L.
53 18 Collier's.
53 19 Conger, Alan D.
53 20 Dahl, Eilif.
53 21 Davis, Bernard.
54 1 Delbruck, M.
54 2 DeMars, Robert I.
54 3 Demerec, M.
54 4 Demers, Pierre.
54 5 Dexter, Lewis A.
54 6 Dixon, Frank J.
54 7 Dobzhansky, Theodosius.
54 8 Doermann, A.H.
54 9 Doudoroff, Michael.
54 10 Douglas, William O.
54 11 Downes, Jean.
54 12 Dray, Sheldon.
54 13 Dubert, Jean Marie.
54 14 Dublin, Louis I.
54 15 Dulbecco, R.
54 16 Dunlop, Stuart G.
54 17 Dunn, H.O.
54 18 Dunning, J.R. et al.
54 19 Duve, Arne.
54 20 Eaton, Cyrus.
54 21 Ebert, James D.
54 22 Edelman, G.M. and B. Benacerraf.
54 23 Ehrmann, Henry W.
54 24 Eisenbud, Julie.
54 25 Emerson, Mary R.
55 1-2 Endeavour.
55 3 Englesberg, Ellis.
55 4 Ennis, Herbert L.
55 5 Ephrussi, Boris.
55 6 Falek, Arthur.
55 7 Feld, Bernard.
55 8 Fincham, J.R.S.
55 9 Finn, Robert.
55 10 Fisher, Robert.
55 11 Food for All.
55 12-13 Foreign Affairs.
56 1 Foster, Ruth A.C.
56 2 Foster, Willam C.
56 3 Fowler, Harold.
56 4 Fox, Sophie.
56 5 Franklin, Rosalind E.
56 6 Freund, Jules.
56 7 Friedman, Milton.
56 8 Frisch, O.R.
56 9 Galambos, Robert.
56 10 Gamow, George.
56 11 Garen, Alan.
56 12 Garn, Stanley Marion.
56 13 Garza Curcho, Mercedes de la.
56 14 Gautheret, R.J.
56 15 General Electric.
56 16 Gerstein, George L.
56 17 Giles, Norman H.
56 18 Gilpatric, Roswell L.
56 19 Glasser, R.G. et al.
56 20 Gordon, Maxwell.
56 21 Gordon, Myron.
56 22 Gorini, Luigi.
56 23 Gottstein, Klaus.
56 24 Grahn, Douglas and Katherine Hamilton.
56 25 Gray, L.H.
56 26 Grodzins, Morton.
56 27 Gros, Francois.
56 28 Gross, Samson R.
56 29 Gunn, Ross.
56 30 Gunsalus, I.C.
56 31 Haas, Felix L.
56 32 Haddow, Alexander.
56 33 Haddox, C.H.
56 34 Hadorn, Ernst.
56 35 Halban, Hans von, et al.
56 36 Hambrecht, Frederick Terry.
57 1 Hammond, Cuyler E. and Daniel Horn.
57 2 Harris, Seymour E.
57 3 Harrold, Ernst.
57 4 Heden, Carl-Goran.
57 5 Helen, Meyer Unger.
57 6 Hershey, A.D. et al.
57 7 Herskowitz, Irwin H.
57 8 Herzenber, Leonard A.
57 9 Hinshelwood, Sir Cyril.
57 10 Hinton, Claude and M. Whittinghill.
57 11 History Today.
57 12 Hitchings, George H. et al.
57 13 Hogness, D.S.
57 14 Hollaender, Alex.
57 15 Horkheimer, Max.
57 16 Hornbastel, J. and F.A. Valente.
57 17 Horowitz, N.H.
57 18 Huber, Von Wolfgang.
57 19 Huebschman, Charles.
57 20 Huennekens, F.M.
57 21 Humanist.
57 22 Hutchins, Robert M.
57 23 Hutner, S.H.
57 24 Huxley, Aldous.
57 25 I.F. Stone's Weekly.
57 26 Ivanoz, Alexander.
57 27 Jacob, Francois.
57 28 Jakoby, W.B.
58 1 Jalavisto, E.
58 2 Jerne, N.K.
58 3 Journal of the American Medical Association.
58 4 Kalmus, Henry P.
58 5 Kane, John Francis.
58 6 Kapitza, P.L.
58 7 Kaplan, Morton A.
58 8 Kaplan, R.W.
58 9 Karush, Fred.
58 10 Kelner, Albert.
58 11 Kendall, Edward C.
58 12 Kepes, A.
58 13 Kiang, N.Y-S.
58 14 Kihlman, Bengt.
58 15 Kirk, J.E.
58 16 Klein, L.R.
58 17 Kluver, Heinrich.
58 18 Koch, Arthur.
58 19 Kogon, Eugen and Heinz Norden.
58 20 Kolmark, G.
58 21 Kowarski, L.
58 22 Kubie, Lawrence S.
58 23 Kun, Ernest.
58 24 Lancet.
58 25 Lanni, Frank.
58 26 Lansing, A.I.
58 27 Lark, K.G.
58 28 Latarjet, Raymond.
58 29 Laue, Max von.
58 30 Lawrence, H.S. and A.M. Pappenheimer.
58 31 Lederberg, Joshua.
58 32 Lee, Howard H.
58 33 Leghorn, Richard S.
58 34 Lentz, Thomas.
58 35 Lerner, Abba.
58 36 Lerner, Max.
59 1 Levan, Albert.
59 2 Levine, Philip.
59 3 Lewin, Ralph A.
59 4 Lindop, Patricia L.
59 5 Lockingen, Lloyd S.
59 6 Loeb, W.A.
59 7 Loewi, O.
59 8 Lovelock, J.E.
59 9 Luria, S.E.
59 10 Maas, Werner K. and Elizabeth McFall.
59 11 MacCracken, Richard H.
59 12 Maisel, Albert Q.
59 13 Mandelbrot, Benoit.
59 14 Mann, W.B.
59 15 Marcovich, H.
59 16 Marcus, Philip I. and Elliot Robbins.
59 17 Martin, Gustav J. and J.M. Beiler.
59 18 Maslow, A.H.
59 19 McCloy, John.
59 20 McColluch, Warren S. et al.
59 21 McGrath, William.
59 22 McNamara, Robert S.
59 23 McNaughton Foundation.
59 24 Meier, R.L.
59 25 Meitner, Lise.
59 26 Melman, Seymour.
60 1 Melnechuk, Theodore.
60 2 Menke, John R.
60 3 Merkel, Joseph R.
60 4 Meselson, M. and J.J. Weigle.
60 5 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company.
60 6 Meyer, Helen U.
60 7 Meyers, Jack.
60 8 Michelson, A. Michael.
60 9 Miller, J.J. et al.
60 10 Miller, Philip C.
60 11 Mitchell, Herschel and Mary Houlahan.
60 12 Monod, Jacques.
60 13 Morgenthau, Hans.
60 14 Mortimer, Robert K.
60 15-17 Muller, Hermann J.
60 18 Myers, Ronald E.
60 19 Napier, R.A.N.
60 20 Nelson, Thomas Clifford.
61 1 Newcombe, Howard B.
61 2 Newsweek.
61 3 Nickerson, Walter J.
61 4 Novick, Aaron.
61 5 Novitzki, E. and A.W. Kimball.
61 6 Nuveen, John.
61 7 Ogg, James E.
61 8 Oppenheimer, Robert.
61 9 Owen, R.D.
61 10 Pappenheimer, A.M.
61 11 Papazian, Haig P.
61 12 Pardee, Arthur B.
61 13 Parkes, A.S.
61 14 Pauli, W. and J. Solomon.
61 15 Pauling, Linus.
61 16 Physics Today.
61 17 Placzek, G.
61 18 Platt, John R.
61 19 Platt, Robert.
61 20 Poldosky, Richard J.
61 21 Polge, C.
61 22 Pontecorvo, G.
61 23 Popular Mechanics.
61 24 Preas, Sally.
61 25 Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers.
61 26 Prout, Timothy.
61 27 Provasoli, L.
61 28 Puck, Theodore.
61 29 Radin, Max.
61 30 Rado, Sandor.
62 1 Razran, Gregory.
62 2 Rector, L.E.
62 3 Reischer, Helen Simpson.
62 4 Rennert, Owen M. and Herbert S. Anker.
62 5 Ridenour, Louis N.
62 6 Riesman, David.
62 7 Rich, Alexander.
62 8 Rizet, Georges M.
62 9 Robbins, William J.
62 10 Roberts, Eugene.
62 11 Roberts, Richard B.
62 12 Rodieck, R.W. et al.
62 13 Rogoff, J.M.
62 14 Rothen, Alexandre.
62 15 Rothstein, Aser.
62 16 Rothstein, Jerome.
62 17 Ruff, Otto and Alfred Heinzelmann.
62 18 Ruml, Beardsley et al.
62 19 Ruska, E.
62 20 Russell, John R. and Ralph M. Reitan.
62 21 Russell, W.L.
62 22 Ryan, Francis J. and Lillian K. Schneider.
62 23 Sachs, Alexander.
62 24 Sacher, George A.
62 25 Salzburger Nachrichten.
62 26 Saturday Review.
62 27 Saturday Review of Literature.
62 28 Schneider, Lillian K.
62 29 Schurr, Sam.
62 30 Science.
62 31-32 Scientific American.
63 1 Seaborg, Glenn T.
63 2 Senior, James K. and P.A. Levene.
63 3 Sharma, K.N.
63 4 Shaw, John G.
63 5 Shedlovsky, Theodore.
63 6 Shelesnyak, M.C.
63 7 Shell Development Co.
63 8 Sheng, T.C.
63 9 Shepley, James R. and Clay Blair Jr.
63 10 Shils, Edward A.
63 11 Sieve, Benjamin F.
63 12 Silard, John.
63 13 Silverstein, Arthur.
63 14 Simon, Sir Francis.
63 15 Simons, Howard.
63 16 Sinex, F. Marott.
63 17 Sleeper, B.P.
63 18 Slonimski, Piotr P.
63 19 Sloviter, H.A.
63 20 Smith, Audrey U.
63 21 Smith, J. Maynard.
63 22 Soal, S.G.
63 23 Sonneborn, T.M.
63 24 Southam, Anna L.
63 25 Spalding, J.F., et al.
63 26 Sperry, R.W.
63 27 Spiegelman, S.
63 28 Standard Oil Company.
63 29 Stanier, R.Y.
63 30 Stedman, D.F. and A.G. Brown.
63 31 Stent, Gunther S.
63 32 Stern, Curt.
63 33 Stimson, Henry L.
63 34 Stone, Wilson S.
63 35 Stormont, R.T.
63 36 Stokes, J.L.
63 37 Storer, John B.
63 38 Stover, Carl F.
63 39 Strauss, Bernard S.
63 40 Strehler, B.L.
63 41 Streisinger, George.
63 42 Swan, Henry.
64 1 Sylvania Technologist.
64 2 Talmage, David W.
64 3 Taliaferro, William H.
64 4 Tatum, E.L.
64 5 Taylor, Harriet E.
64 6 Teas, H.J.
64 7 Telfer, James D.
64 8 Teller, Edward.
64 9 Teuber, Hans-Lukas.
64 10 Thiersch, John B.
64 11 Thirring, Hans.
64 12 Thomas, Charles A.
64 13 Tijo, Joe Hin and Albert Levan.
64 14 Time.
64 15 Tittler, I.A.
64 16 Tobias, Julian M.
64 17 Uhr, Jonathan W.
64 18 Underwood, Benton J.
64 19 Union Process Co.
64 20 Urey, Harold C.
64 21 Uri, N.
64 22 U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
64 23-24 U.S. Dept. Health, Education and Welfare.
64 25 U.S. Government Printing Office.
64 26 U.S. News and World Report.
64 27 U.S. Patent Quarterly.
64 28 Uzzell, Thomas H.
65 1 Van Niel, C.B.
65 2 Veritas. A poem entitled "The Day before Xmas." Written by unknown author at the Metallurgical Laboratory, Chicago, ca. 1943.
65 3 Visconti, N.
65 4 Von Ehrenstein, Gunther, et al.
65 5 Von Halban, H., F. Joliot, L. Kowarski.
65 6 Wagner, R.P. and C.H. Haddox.
65 7 Wainright, L.
65 8 Wainright, S.D.
65 9 Wallace, Bruce.
65 10 Walter, Donald O. and W.R. Adey.
65 11 Warburg, Otto.
65 12 Warburg, Otto, et al.
65 13 Watson, James Dewey.
65 14 Webber, Milo M.
65 15 Weigle, J.J.
65 16 Weisner, B.P. and John Yudkin.
65 17 Weiss, Paul.
65 18 Weiss, Thomas.
65 19 Weizcacker, C.F. von.
65 20 Whiffen, Alma J.
65 21 Whittinghill, Maurice and E. E. Hendricks.
65 22 Wiener, Norbert and Armand Siegel.
65 23 Wigner, Eugene P.
65 24 Wilkie, Wendall.
65 25 Willet, E.L. and G.W. Salisbury.
65 26 Williams, George C.
65 27 Wilson, William A.
65 28 Wirth, Louis.
65 29 Witkin, Evelyn M.
65 30 Wittcoff, Raywond.
65 31 Wollman, E.L. and G.S. Stent.
65 32 Woodshole Marine Biological Laboratory.
65 33 World Academy of Art and Science.
65 34 Wright, Sewall.
65 35 Wyatt, G.R.
65 36 Yanofsky, Charles and David M. Booner.
65 37 Young, J.Z.
66 1 Yockey, Hubert P.
66 2 Zahl, Paul A.
66 3 Zahler, Stanley A.
66 4 Zamenhof, Stephen.
66 5 Zinn, W.H., et al.
66 6 Zirkle, Raymond E.

SUBJECTS AND ORGANIZATIONS

Organizations

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66 7-9 Miscellaneous, A-Z.
66 10 Academic Assistance Council, 1933.
66 11 Airline Conference.
66 12 American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
66 13 American Arbitration Association.
66 14 American Institute of Biological Sciences. (A.I.B.S.).
66 15 Association for Scientific Collaboration, Inc.
66 16 Atomic Energy Control Conference.
66 17 Atomic Energy Course for Management, 1957.
66 18 Brandeis University.
66 19 Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
66 20 Citizen's Committee.
66 21 Conference on Science, Technology, and National Security, 1956.
66 22 Cold Springs Harbor Symposium.
67 1 Columbia University Interdisciplinary Project.
67 2 Committee of Correspondence, 1961.
67 3 Conference of the Industrial Sponsors of the Institutes of the U. of Chicago, 1950 - 1951.
67 4 Conference on Science and World Affairs.
67 5 Congress International de Physique Nucleaire.
67 6 Conservation Foundation. "The physiological approach to fertility control", 1952 - 1953.
67 7 Council and the Lobby.
Council for a Livable World.
67 8-9 General materials.
67 10 Correspondence of public response.
67 11 Council of the Atlantic Union Committee.
Council to Abolish War.
67 12 General materials.
68 1 Correspondence of public response.
68 2 Federation of American Scientists.
68 3 Ford Foundation.
General Atomic, a division of General Dynamics Corporation.
68 4 General materials.
68 5 MC-038-07 Diagrams.
68 6 Genetics Society of America.
68 7 IBM Medical Symposium, 1963.
68 8 Institute for Cell Research and Genetics.
68 9 Institute for International Order.
68 10 International Fertility Association.
68 11 Italian Society of Physics.
68 12 Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs.
68 13 Metallurgical Laboratory.
68 14 Moscow Meeting Plans, 1958.
68 15 National Academy of Sciences.
68 16 National Association of Life Underwriters.
68 17 National Committee for an Effective Congress.
68 18 National Industrial Conference Board.
68 19 National Jewish Hospital at Denver.
69 1 National Planning Association.
69 2 National Research Council of Canada.
69 3-4 National Science Foundation.
69 5 Neurosciences Research Program.
69 6 New York Academy of Sciences. Section of Biology.
69 7 Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
69 8 Podbielniak, Inc.
69 9 Population Council.
Pugwash.
69 10 Nova Scotia, Canada, 1957.
69 11 Quebec, Canada, 1958.
69 12 Kitzbuhel-Vienna, Austria, 1958.
69 13 1959, June.
69 14 Moscow, USSR, 1960.
69 15 Stowe, Vermont., 1961.
69 16 Cambridge, (England?), 1962.
69 17 Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, 1963.
69 18 Udaipur, India, 1964.
70 1 Karlovy Vary, Czechoslovakia, 1964.
70 2 Newsletter, 1964.
70 3 Miscellaneous.
70 4 Regional Conference on the International Control and Utilization of Atomic ..., 1946.
70 5 Research Corporation.
70 6 Research Department of Tea Bureau, Inc.
70 7 Research Institute of America. "Living History Awards".
70 8 Rogoff Foundation. Medical Research Laboratory of the G.N. Stewart Memorial Fund.
70 9 Salk Institute.
70 10 Science Service.
70 11 Scientists on Survival.
70 12 Society for the Study of Development and Growth.
70 13 Society of American Bacteriologists.
70 14 Special Project Committee on Security Through Arms Control, 1958 .
70 15 Strategy for Peace Conference.
70 16 Study Program in Biophysical Science.
70 17 U.S. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy.
70 18 U.S. Department of State. Staff list, 1961.
70 19 U.S. Mission to the United Nations.
70 20 U.S. Senate.
70 21 U.S. War Department.
University of Chicago.
70 22 Board of Trustees.
70 23 Council of the University Senate.
70 24 "Round Table Discussion", 1960.
70 25 Miscellaneous.
70 26 University of Colorado Medical Center.
Box Folder Oversize
71 1 Miscellaneous.
71 2 Aging.
71 3 Amino Acid Charts.
71 4 Angels Project.
71 5 Arms Control.
71 6 Atomic bomb development.
71 7 Atomic Energy Act of 1945.
71 8 Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
71 9 Atomic Energy Commission.
71 10 Atoms for Peace Award, 1960.
71 11 Bullsperm - General materials.
71 12 Bullsperm - Photographs.
71 13 Carbon, graphite, 1939 - 1940.
71 14 Canfield, Cass.
72 1 Cellulose Decomposition.
72 2 Central Nervous System.
Chemostat.
72 3 Figures.
72 4 MC-038-08 Oversize figures.
72 5 Reprint mailing list, 1950.
72 6 Transparencies.
72 7 Clarendon Collection, 1937.
72 8 Compensating Key Personnel.
72 9 Conflict of Interest Law Material, 1961.
72 10 Correspondence logs, 1963 - 1964.
72 11 Coronary Heart Disease.
72 12 Dispersal of cities.
72 13 Enzymes - graphs and charts.
72 14-15 Equipment and supplies catalogs.
73 1 Fertility Control.
73 2 From the table at home on May 29, 1964 (S-72).
73 3 Genetics.
73 4 Humanist of the Year Award, 1960.
73 5 Hydrogen Bomb.
73 6 Immunity.
73 7 Ivanhoe street house. Denver, Colorado, 1951.
73 8 Jet Injections.
73 9 Letter to Nehru, 1955.
Letter to Stalin.
73 10 General materials, 1947.
73 11 Public response, 1947.
73 12 Materials, 1957.
73 13 Passport Material.
73 14 Peace Movement - Public Response.
73 15 Petition, 1945.
73 16 Petition to President Kennedy, 1961.
73 17 Population Statistics in the U.S. and the U.S.S.R..
Requests for reprints of the works of Leo Szilard.
74 1 "On the decrease of entrophy...".
74 2 General correspondence.
74 3 Post card requests.
74 4 Resumes.
74 5 Sardi Luncheon.
74 6 Search for a Laboratory Sight in the New York area, 1942.
74 7 Silver.
74 8 Stevenson-Kefauver Election, 1956.
74 9 Travel - European Trip, 1957 - 1958.
74 10 U.S.S.R.
74 11 Wiedergutmachung. Restitution.
74 12 X-Ray Sterilization of Food.

FINANCIAL RECORDS

Bank Statements

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Chase Manhattan Bank.
75 1 Checking account statements, 1955 - 1958.
75 2 Correspondence, 1955 - 1958.
75 3 Deposit slips, 1955 - 1959.
Chase National Bank.
75 4 Checking account statements, 1946 - 1955.
75 5 Correspondence, 1943 - 1955.
75 6 Deposit slips, 1943 - 1955.
75 7 Registered letter reciepts, 1945 - 1957.
75 8 Midland Bank Limited, London - Correspondence, 1933 - 1938.
University National Bank.
75 9 Checking account statements, 1945 - 1953.
75 10 Correspondence, 1953 - 1954.
75 11 Deposit and withdrawal slips.

Cancelled Checks

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Box Folder Oversize
Chase National Bank.
76 1-5 1939 - 1943.
76 6-7 1945 - 1946.
76 8 University National Bank, 1946 - 1947.
76 9-17 Chase National Bank, 1947 - 1955.
76 18-21 Chase Manhattan Bank, 1955 - 1958.
77 1 Cancelled check stubs, 1946 - 1957.

Income Tax Records

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Box Folder Oversize
78 1 Miscellaneous.
78 2 1932.
78 3-24 1936 - 1956.
78 25 1958.

General Financial Records

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Box Folder Oversize
79 1 Miscellaneous.
Brandeis University.
79 2 General materials.
79 3 Travel expenses.
79 4 Cab fare records.
79 5 Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists.
79 6 Finances, 1957 - 1958.
79 7 Hotel - Bills, miscellaneous.
79 8 Hotel Somerset.
Insurance.
79 9 Blue Cross.
79 10 Continental Casualty Company.
79 11 Lee Nashem Agency.
79 12 Metropolitan Life.
79 13 Teacher's Insurance and Annuity Association.
79 14 International Latex Corporation.
79 15 Kings Crown Hotel.
79 16 McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.
79 17 Men's Faculty Club of Columbia University.
79 18 Metallurgical Laboratory.
79 19 Park Lane Hotel.
79 20 Professional Services.
Quadrangle Club.
80 1-2 Bills, 1954 - 1958.
80 3 Monthly Invoices, 1949 - 1954.
80 4 Telephone charges, 1949 - 1958.
80 5 Restaurant receipts.
80 6 Salk Institute. Book orders.
80 7 Secretarial services.
80 8 Social Security.
80 9 Stock Market invoices.
80 10 Telephone and telegram invoices.
80 11 Travel expenses- miscellaneous.
80 12 Unitronics Corporation. Invoices.
80 13 University of California. Travel expenses.
University of Chicago.
80 14 Financial records, travel expenses, and reimbursment.
80 15 Pay receipts.
80 16 University of Colorado. Pay receipts, expense account, and miscellaneous records.
80 17 War Bonds, 1945.
80 18 Weiss, Mrs. Paul.

Contracts and Grants

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Box Folder Oversize
81 1 List funding agencies.
81 2 Guggenheim Fellowship Application Form, 1940.
81 3 Contract EIDM A-42-b MS, 1943 - 1944.
81 4 Contract N6ori-20, 1948.
81 5 National Advisory Health Council Research Grant RG 2814 - Study of the growth, adaption, and mutation of bacteria and bacterial viruses, carried out with new biophysical methods, 1950.
81 6 Contract NR 135-056 - Growth, adaptation, and mutation of bacteria and bacterial viruses, 1951.
81 7 U.S. Public Health Service Grant No.E.144(C1), 1951 - 1953.
81 8 Contract Nonr-1059(00), 1952 - 1953.
81 9 Contract N6ori-02038, 1952 - 1953.
81 10 Contract ONR:441:GJS/NR 119-221, 1952 - 1953.
81 11 Application to the National Science Foundation, 1956.
81 12-13 Grant proposal to the Louis Block Fund for Basic Research and Advanced Study - Study of the formation of adaptive enzymes in bacteria and the formation of antibodies in mammals, 1957 & 1958.
81 14 Application for research grant to the National Institute of Health - Quantative Studies of General Biological Phenomena, 1959.
81 15 Proposal to the National Science Foundation for a research grant - A quantitative study of the molecular bases of general biological phenomena, 1959.
81 16 Research grant. RG-6876(C1), 1960 - 1963.
81 17 Research grant. GM06876-04 from the National Advisory Health Council - Quantative Studies of General Biological Phenomena, 1963 - 1964.

Travel Materials

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Box Folder Oversize
82 1 Miscellaneous travel materials.
Airline tickets.
82 2-3 Miscellaneous.
82 4 American Airlines.
82 5 United Airlines.
82 6 Train tickets.

ADDRESSES

Address Books

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Box Folder Oversize
83 1 Early.
83 2 1930s.
83 3 1935.
83 4 Late 1950s.
83 5-8 1961 - 1964.
83 9 Packet of index cards with addresses.

Miscellaneous Addresses

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84 1 Multiple addresses on single pages and lists of persons.
84 2-27 A - Z.

GERTRUDE SZILARD MATERIALS

Biography

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84 28 FB-130-03 Certificates - "License to Practice Medicine," Colorado State Board of Medical Examiners, 1951.
84 29 FB-130-02 Certificates - "Public Health Certificate," American Board of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (2 plaques), 1949.
85 1 Curriculum vitae.
85 2 Attorney fees.
85 3 Personal notes/Course notes.
85 4 Medical notes and correspondence.

Correspondence

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Box Folder Oversize
85 5 "Letters from Important People".
Letters of condolence.
85 6 Unknown authors.
85 7-11 A-Z.
85 12 Funeral program, guestbook, and reply to letters of condolence.
General correspondence.
86 1 Unidentified correspondents.
86 2 A - Miscellaneous.
86 3 The American Humanist Association, 1964 - 1967.
86 4 American Institute of Physics, 1964 - 1977.
86 5 Anderson, Herbert L., 1968.
86 6 Anderson, Luedeka, Fitch, Even and Tabin, 1964 - 1975.
86 7 Anker, Herbert, 1965 - 1975.
86 8 B - Miscellaneous.
86 9 Breit, Gregory, 1940 - 1977.
86 10 British Broadcasting Corp., 1965.
86 11 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1965 - 1979.
86 12 C - Miscellaneous.
86 13 CBS News, 1972 - 1976.
86 14 Clark, Ronald W., 1945 - 1972.
86 15 Cohen, Benjamin V., 1974 - 1976.
86 16 Cold Springs Harbor Lab, 1966 - 1969.
86 17 Council For A Livable World, 1967 - 1972.
86 18 D - Miscellaneous.
86 19 Doering, William, 1964 - 1976.
86 20 E - Miscellaneous.
86 21 Eckart, Carl, 1967 - 1969.
86 22 Einstein Estate, 1933 - 1976.
86 23 Esterer, A.K., 1971.
86 24 F - Miscellaneous.
86 25 Feld, Bernard T., 1967 - 1971.
86 26 Fisher, Roger, 1963 - 1976.
86 27 G - Miscellaneous.
87 1 Galef and Jacobs, 1965 - 1975.
87 2 Goldhaber, Maurice, 1967 - 1976.
87 3 Grinberg, A.P., 1962 - 1967.
87 4 H - Miscellaneous.
87 5 Hamstra, Doris, 1973.
87 6 Harvard University - Perspectives in American History, 1967 - 1968.
87 7 Hersey, John, 1965.
87 8 I - Miscellaneous.
87 9 Institute for Advanced Study, 1973 - 1976.
87 10 Institute for Policy Studies, 1969.
87 11 J - Miscellaneous.
87 12 K - Miscellaneous.
87 13 L - Miscellaneous.
87 14 Levy, Lillian, 1960 - 1965.
87 15 The Library of Congress, 1965 - 1971.
87 16 Life Magazine, 1971.
87 17 Livingston, Robert B., 1965 - 1975.
87 18 M - Miscellaneous.
87 19 Marschak, Marianne and Jascha, 1964 - 1976.
87 20 McMillan, Edwin M., 1928 - 1967.
87 21 MIT Press, 1965 - 1979.
87 22 Monod, Jacques, 1965 - 1971.
87 23 N - Miscellaneous.
87 24 National Endowment for the Humanities, 1973 - 1974.
87 25 National Inventors Hall of Fame, 1978.
87 26 National Science Foundation, 1973.
87 27 Novick, Aaron, 1961 - 1971.
88 1 P - Miscellaneous.
88 2 Pearce, Roy Harvey, 1973.
88 3 Pennie, Edmonds, Morton, Taylor, and Adams, 1968.
88 4 Q - Miscellaneous.
88 5 R - Miscellaneous.
88 6 S - Miscellaneous.
88 7 Sherwin, Martin J., 1966 - 1973.
88 8 Simon and Schuster, Inc., Publishers, 1963 - 1975.
88 9 Simpson, John A., 1975 - 1976.
88 10 Sloan Foundation, 1973.
88 11 Stokes, Joseph III, M.D., 1972 - 1973.
88 12 T - Miscellaneous.
88 13 Teller, Edward, 1945 - 1976.
88 14 U - Miscellaneous.
88 15 V - Miscellaneous.
88 16 W - Miscellaneous.
88 17 Weart, Spencer, 1974 - 1976.
88 18 Weiss, Egon A., 1966 - 1976.
88 19 Weisskopf, Victor F., 1964 - 1976.
88 20 Wigner, Eugene P., 1960 - 1976.
88 21 Winsor, Kathleen, 1967 - 1971.
88 22 York, Herbert F., 1973.
Box Folder Oversize
Miscellaneous.
89 1 Biographical references for extension of Leo Szilard biography.
89 2 Biographical references.
89 3 Documents.
89 4 Introductions to Volume II - Hutchins.
89 5 MIT Press, Harvard Press, and others.
89 6 Petitions, 1945.
89 7 "Perspectives".
89 8 "Reminiscences" exerpts.
89 9 Szilard's Ten Commandments with Introduction by Trude.
89 10 Book outline, 1960.
Collected Works of Leo Szilard.
89 11-14 Notes.
90 1 Notes.
90 2 Proposed format for volume II.
Outline for proposed Leo Szilard biography.
90 3-18 1933 - 1952.
91 1 Bernard Bailyn outline.
91 2 Childhood, 1898 - 1908.
91 3 Adolescence, 1908 - 1914.
91 4 First World War, 1914 - 1920.
91 5 Berlin, 1920 - 1933.
91 6 England, 1933 - 1938.
91 7-13 America, 1938 - 1945.
92 1 America, 1945 - 1946.
92 2 Xerox of "materials given to Henry Barton in 1942 for safekeeping", 1942.
92 3 For possible addition to Bailyn materials.
92 4 "From Jacob Marshak".
92 5 Material from History box folders not used in Bailyn set.
92 6-15 1898 - 1946.
93 1 Roladex chronology of events in Leo Szilard's life.
Box Folder Oversize
Council for a Livable World.
94 1 Correspondence.
94 2-8 General.
Freedom of Information Act.
95 1 Freedom of Information Act.
95 2 Atomic Energy Commission.
95 3 Department of State.
95 4-5 Department of the Army.
95 6 Department of the Navy.
95 7-9 Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
96 1 General Services Administration.
96 2 U.S. Office of Personnel Management.
96 3 Miscellaneous.
96 4 Patents.
96 5-8 Pugwash.
97 1-5 Pugwash.
98 1 Pugwash.
98 2 Pugwash Conference - Mulhausen, GDR, 1976.

Miscellaneous

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98 3 Mostly University of Chicago.
98 4-6 General.

Original Finding Aid

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99 1-7 Original.

PHOTOGRAPHS

Portraits

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99 8 FB-129-09 Two drawings of Leo Szilard by his father, Louis Szilard.
99 9 FB-129-08 Taken by Tita Binz, undated.
100 1 Miscellaneous reproductions from prints.
100 2 Taken by Erica Anderson. New York, undated.
100 3 Taken by John Kaspar. Denver, Colorado, Early 1950s.
100 4 Taken by Lotte Meitner-Graf. London, undated.
100 5 Gertrude Weiss Szilard.

General Photographs

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100 6 Street corner in London where Szilard conceived the idea of the chain reaction.
100 7 Miscellaneous.
100 8 Radio program - WWDC [Steve Allis... Show].
100 9 Early childhood. Group photo.
100 10 Pre-1915.
100 11 Student days in Budapest, 1915.
100 12 Student days, 1916.
100 13 Officer's school, 1916.
100 14 American Physical Society Meeting, Washington, D.C. with E.O. Lawrence, 1935.
100 15 England, 1936.
100 16 Cold Spring Harbor, 1947.
100 17 With Albert Einstein writing letter to President Roosevelt - Re-enactment, 1948.
100 18 Colorado, Early 1950s.
100 19 Cold Spring Harbor, Early 1950s.
100 20 Birthplace of the atomic bomb., 1953.
100 21 Second Pugwash Meeting. Quebec, Canada, 1958.
100 22 Third Pugwash Meeting, 1958.
100 23 Atlantic City, Late 1950s.
100 24 At presentation of the Newspaper Guild's Page One Award in Science. Memorial Hospital, New York, 1960.
100 25 Atoms for Peace Award, 1960.
100 26 With Eleanor Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., 1960.
100 27-28 Taken by Life Magazine photographer John Loengard. Memorial Hospital, New York, 1960.
100 29 Cold Spring Harbor, 1960.
100 30 FB-129-07 Taken by Life Magazine photographer Ester Bubley, 1961.
100 31 Pugwash Meeting. Stowe, Vermont, 1961.
100 32 FB-129-06 Taken by Heka. Memorial Hospital, New York, 1962.
100 33 Taken by Life Magazine photographer Ester Bubley, 1962.
100 34 Washington, D.C., 1963.
100 35 Mount Vernon, 1961.
100 36 Cold Spring Harbor Symposium, 1963.
100 37 Pugwash Meeting. Dubrovnick, USSR, 1963.
100 38 Taken by Landshoff. New York, 1964.
100 39 Taken by Landshoff. "Shaving sequence." New York, 1964.
100 40 Salk Institute. Fellows Meeting, 1964.
100 41 Hotel del Charro, La Jolla with Salk, 1964.
100 42 Szilard Medal issued in Hungary, 1978.
100 43 FB-129-13 Moon photographs showing crater named after Szilard.
100 44 "Royal Society Library shortly after publication of Volume II".

AUDIO MATERIALS

Miscellaneous

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100 45 Edison Diamond Discs - Unused.
100 46 IBM Dictaphone Tape.
Restrictions Apply
100 47 Voice Master "Magnetic recording on a disc".
Restrictions Apply

Stenorette Magnetic Recording Tape

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101 1 With Alice Smith. Memorial Hospital, 1960.
Restrictions Apply
101 2 With Albert Rosenfeld. Memorial Hospital, Room 812 - Reels 1 and 2, 1960.
Restrictions Apply
101 3 With Albert Rosenfeld. Memorial Hospital, Room 812 - Reels 3 and 4, 1960.
Restrictions Apply
101 4 L.S. - Dolphins. Part I, 1960.
Restrictions Apply

First Version

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101 5 Memoirs dictated for Saturday Evening Post, 1960.
Restrictions Apply
101 6 L.S. Interview from early Budapest through 1962, [May 1963].
Restrictions Apply

Reel/Cassette Tapes

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101 7 1. Trude Weiss Szilard interviewed by Harold Keen at the Jewish Community Center, 1980.
Restrictions Apply
101 8 2. Pugwash/Tape edited by Mr. Koar.
Restrictions Apply
101 9 3. Rosenfeld interviews Szilard (Part II).
Restrictions Apply
102 1 4. Rosenfeld interviews Szilard.
Restrictions Apply
102 2 5. With Albert Rosenfeld. Memorial Hospital, New York. Part I & II (reproduction of stenorette tape), 1960.
Restrictions Apply
102 3 6. Leo Szilard- "Bomb Stalemate." From Livingston, undated.
Restrictions Apply
102 4 7. With Albert Rosenfeld. Memorial Hospital, New York. Part III & V (reproduction of stenorette tape), 1960.
Restrictions Apply
102 5 8. Side 1: Alice Smith interview. Side 2: L.S. interview from early Budapest.
Restrictions Apply
102 6 9. Side 1: After dinner speech at Pugwash. Side 2: Letter to New York Times, 1957.
Restrictions Apply
102 7 10. Side 1: Memoirs dictated for Saturday Evening Post. Side 2: Dolphins (first version), 1960.
Restrictions Apply
103 1 11-12. Dr. Szilard reading from Voice of the Dolphins.
Restrictions Apply
103 2 13. Hungarian, undated.
Restrictions Apply
103 3 14. Pugwash, 1957.
Restrictions Apply
103 4 15. Law School Forum (Harvard?).
Restrictions Apply

LP Disc Recording

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LP-001-04 Leo Szilard: Inventor of the Atomic Bomb. 2 set, 2 copies. George Garabedian Production, 1984.
Restrictions Apply

AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS

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103 5 BBC. "Professor Szilard [Doquene] from 'Man Tomorrow'".
Restrictions Apply
CBS. "Small World Outakes".
105-A 24-53-54.
Restrictions Apply
105-B 55-56-59. Teller, Sir Robert Watson-Watt.
Restrictions Apply
105-C 60-05-22. Part I.
Restrictions Apply
105-D 60-05-29.
Restrictions Apply
105-E 60-61-62.
Restrictions Apply
105-F 63-64-65. Wiesner.
Restrictions Apply
105-G 66-67-68. Wiesner.
Restrictions Apply
105-H 69-20-7. Lewis S. Strauss.
Restrictions Apply
105-I 75-81-82.
Restrictions Apply
105-J 83-84.
Restrictions Apply
104 1 Ads taken out of Part 1.
Restrictions Apply

Videotape (VHS)

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104 2 Small World. CBS Special With Edward R. Murrow featuring Leo Szilard.
Restrictions Apply
104 3 Special Event Commemorating Life and Work of Leo Szilard: Dedication of Szilard Papers to U.C. San Diego Library & Reception at UCSD Library. Also includes, KPBS "The Man behind the Bomb: Postscript".

ARTIFACTS

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106 1 Eyeglasses.
106 2 Humanist of the Year plaque, 1960.
106 3 Keys.
106 4 Name tag and rubber address stamp.
106 5 New York Times testimonial - Framed, 1964.
106 6 Pocket scale.
106 7 Slide rules.
106 8 Wallets.
106 9 FB-130-01 Academic hood.

NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS

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107 Miscellaneous clippings.
108 Miscellaneous clippings.
109 Miscellaneous clippings.
110 Miscellaneous clippings.
111 Miscellaneous clippings.
112 Miscellaneous clippings.
113 Scrapbooks of clippings.

Accession Processed in 2000

CORRESPONDENCE

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114 1 B - Miscellaneous.
114 2 Blackett, Patrick M.S. - An exchange of telegrams with Victor Weisskopf, 1939.
Restrictions Apply
114 3 CBS News (Fred Friendly), 1960.
114 4 Compton, Arthur Holly, 1960.
114 5 Crick, F.H.C. - Unsigned typescript carbon to Jonas Salk, 1963.
114 6 Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Public Health Service. National Institutes of Health, 1959 - 1964.
114 7 Detre, Rose (sister), 1964.
114 8 Doering, William, 1962.
114 9 E - Miscellaneous.
114 10 Einstein, Albert, 1939 & 1955. Unsigned carbon copies and photocopies of Szilard's letters, in German with published English translations. Includes photocopy of 1955 holograph letter from Einstein to J. Nehru, in German.
114 11 G - Miscellaneous.
114 12 Geisel, Theodor S. - Unsigned carbon copy of Szilard letter, 1964.
114 13 Groves, Leslie R., 1945. Includes a report by Lord Cherwell on a conversation he had with Szilard in Washington, May 1943.
114 14 Jamaica. Ministry of Finance (N. N. Nethersole), 1955.
114 15 Joliot-Curie, Frederic, 1939.
Restrictions Apply
114 16 Kennedy, John Fitzgerald, 1960.
Restrictions Apply
114 17 Khrushchev, Nikita, 1960 - 1962.
Restrictions Apply
114 18 L - Miscellaneous.
114 19 Laue, Max von, 1921 - 1957.
114 20 M - Miscellaneous.
114 21 Marc Wood International, Inc., 1960.
114 22 P - Miscellaneous.
114 23 Roosevelt, Franklin D. - Draft Szilard letter, undated.
114 24 Salk, Jonas, 1963 - 1964.
Szilard, Gertrude Weiss - [Photocopies].
114 25 1936 - 1945.
114 26 1951 - 1960.
114 27 Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America - College Retirement Equities Fund, 1963 - 1964.
114 28 University of California, 1964.
114 29 University of Chicago, 1959 - 1964.
114 30 Waller, Theodore, 1964.
114 31 War Office, London, 1935.

WRITINGS BY LEO SZILARD

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114 32 Conversation with K on October 5, [1960] - "Recorded from memory on October 9 on the basis of notes made on the day of the conversation." Also includes clipping from Pravda, October 6, 1960.
114 33 In Peconic aufgesetzte Formulierung - [Draft of Aug. 2, 1939]. Typed transcription of the German text Szilard wrote in Peconic on the second visit [with Einstein].
114 34 Interview with Szilard, April 18, 1955.
114 35 Memoranda - Photocopies and carbon copies, 1956 - 1964.
114 36 Petition to the President of the United States, July 17, 1945.
Restrictions Apply
114 37 "Crosby's Column: Plea to Abolish War" - Szilard's contribution to John Crosby's column in the Herald Tribune, [July 13, 1962].
114 38 Uber die chemischen Grundlagen der Vererbung - Lecture given at the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, October 7, 1957. Includes letter from B. Helferich dated October 19, 1957.

ARTICLES, PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS ON SZILARD

Articles On Szilard

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114 39 Asimov, Isaac. "The Manhattan Project: And Then Albert Einstein Wrote a Letter to President Roosevelt...", 1972.
Bernstein, Barton.
114 40 "Leo Szilard: Giving Peace a Chance in the Nuclear Age", 1987.
114 41 "The Unsung Father of the A-Bomb", 1985.
Bess, Michael.
114 42 "The Hidden Sound of Things Approaching: Leo Szilard and the 'Problem of Peace', 1945-1964" - Term paper written for History 285B, Prof. Jay, [Institution not indicated], March 20, 1982.
114 43 "Leo Szilard: Scientist, Activist, Visionary", 1985.
115 1 "Rebels Against the Cold War: Four Intellectuals Who Campaigned to Recast World Politics..." - Leo Szilard (U.S.A.), E.P. Thompson (England), Louise Weiss (France), Danilo Dolci (Italy), 1989.
Feld, Bernard T.
115 2 "The Dilemma of Deterrence" - Editorial, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist, 1978.
115 3 "Thirty Years After Hiroshima, Or Rethinking the Unthinkable" - Author's popular version of paper: FA-2, issued as press release at the Spring Meeting of the American Physical Society, April 28-May 1, 1975.
115 4 Goldhaber, Maurice. "The Nuclear Photoelectric Effect and Remarks on Higher Multipole Transitions..." - Presented at the Symposium on the History of Nuclear Physics, University of Minnesota, May 18-21, 1997.
115 5 Gruber, Carol S. "Manhattan Project Maverick: The Case of Leo Szilard" - Includes typescript draft, 1983.
115 6 H-Bomb: "Rules" for Nuclear War, 1960.
115 7 Hungarian language articles on Leo Szilard - Pal, P.G. "A Beke Fizikusa", Pal, P.B. "75 Eve Szuletett Szilard Leo" and H. Miklos, "Szilard Leo".
Lanouette, William.
115 8 "Bumbling Toward the Bomb", 1989.
115 9 Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard - Photocopies of publishers announcements, published reviews and citations to reviews of Lanouette's biography, 1993.
115 10 Lennox, E.S. "Leo Szilard - Biologist" - Photocopy of a typescript text of a talk, dated June 13, 1964.
115 11 Miscellaneous articles that mention Leo Szilard, 1969 - 1983.
115 12 Miscellaneous newspaper clippings that mention Szilard - Photocopies, 1960 - 1984.
115 13 Rosenfeld, Albert. "This Was Leo Szilard", 1964.
115 14 Stone, Jeremy J., et al. "Atomic Spies?: The Implosion of the Sudoplatov Charges", 1994.
115 15 Zurcher, Andrew E. "Leo Szilard: Gadfly in the Atomic Soup", 1993.

Projects And Programs On Szilard

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115 16 Leo Szilard and the Council for a Livable World, 1962 - 1972.
115 17 Leo Szilard Award of the Forum on Physics and Society. American Physical Society - Correspondence, photocopies of press releases, announcements of recipients. Includes "Scientists and Public Policy, Help or Hindrance?" a response given by the 1976 Award recipient, Richard L. Garwin, 1975 - 1978.
Leo Szilard Centenary. International Seminar, Eotvos University, Budapest, February 9, 1998.
115 18 Commemorative medal, 1998.
115 19 Commemorative postage stamp, Hungary, 1998.
115 20 Commemorative telephone card, Hungary, 1997.
115 21 Photocopies of announcement, invitation, program. Also includes photocopies of presentations, "Leo Szilard: A Comic and Cosmic Wit by W. Lanouette, "Remembering Leo Szilard's Contribution to the World by G.T. Seaborg and B. Wolfe, "Leo Szilard as a Philospher of Science by D. Grandy, and "Personal Family Recollections" by J. Silard, 1998.
115 22 FB-130-05 Poster, 1998.
115 23 Leo Szilard documentary project, "Szilard" - Draft #3, one hour script. Includes correspondence and promotional material, July 1988.
115 24 Leo Szilard, "The Man Behind the Bomb: A Postscript with Gertrude Weiss Szilard" - Transcript of a half-hour television interview program for KPBS-TV, San Diego.
115 25 "Man Behind the Bomb" - Television from Japan series, NHK International. Includes photocopies of a description of the Japanese television series and program listings, 1980.

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL

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115 26 Abgangszeugnis. Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat zu Berlin - Academic transcript, 1921-1923.
115 27 Chicago commemoration, 1946-1967 - Photocopied page of two published group photographs of the scientists who participated in the CP-1 experiment at the University of Chicago.
115 28 Leo's estate file - Photocopies of notes.
115 29 Silver - Notes and correspondence with Martial Frene on silver trading, 1963.
115 30 State of New York. Department of Taxation and Finance. Estate Tax Nonresident Affidavit.
115 31 U.S. Individual Income Tax Return - Includes Congressional documents, 88th Congress, 1st Session, on tax legislation, 1951.
115 32 Unidentified notes.


Finding aid generated: 2014-04-08