Papers probably collected by the family of Pablo Macedo, Mexican lawyer and professor of political economy, mostly relating to his father Mariano's claim to the Hacienda de Nuestra Senora de las Rosarios (a.k.a. "Los Reyes"). The materials, written in Spanish, include colonial documents, called "mercedes," relating to land tenure in the Itzmiquilpa region of Mexico, dated from the seventeeth century and signed by Spanish viceroys. Also included are inspection reports from Mexican mines, dating from the late 18th and early 19th centuries; two papal bulls, dated 1711 and 1806; a handwritten supplement to a manual of Mexican agriculture, 1869; and an autograph letter signed by Pablo Macedo, 1908.

Historical Background

Pablo Macedo was born in Mexico City on February 1, 1851. His father may have been Mariano Macedo (d. 1869), a minister in the government of General Mariano Arista. A disciple of Gabino Barreda (1818-1881), Pablo Macedo became a lawyer and served as a professor of political economy at the Escuela de Leyes (School of Law). He was the author of "La evolucion mercantil," "Communicaciones y obras publicas," and "Tres monografias que dan idea de una parte de la evolucion economica de Mexico" (Mexico: J. Bollesca, 1905). He died in Spain on December 25, 1918.

Based on a letter from Pablo Macedo, found in the collection, it can be assumed that the materials belonged to the Macedo family. How the papers came to UCSD in unknown. The materials were originally enclosed in a rustic leather portfolio and found in the vault of the Mandeville Department of Special Collections in 1986. It is possible that the papers may have been included in one of the many book collections acquired by the UCSD Library.

Scope and Content

Accession Processed in 1987

The materials are written in Spanish and date from the 17th through the early 19th centuries. They relate largely to Mexican legal matters and mining interests, although other subjects are represented.

The first item in the colllection is a letter from Pablo Macedo, dated January 29, 1908, which discusses some of the materials in the collection. According to Macedo, some of the papers concern the Hacienda of Nuestra Senora del Rosario (Our Lady of the Rosary), otherwise known as "Los Reyes" (the Kings), the estate of Macedo's father. According to this letter, the estate was taken from the elder Macedo by Governor Joaquin Martinez in 1867 "by evil means." It is likely that Pablo Macedo collected some of the materials as proof of his father's title to the property.

Following the letter are MINING DOCUMENTS dating from the late 18th and early 19th centuries, which contain reports about the exploitation of mines in several regions of Mexico. This type of document normally includes accounts of expenses and records earnings from the sale of minerals. Folder 5 contains a title document to a mine called "Peregrina", dated 1788.

The NOTARIAL DOCUMENTS are the most important materials in the collection. They date from the 17th century and are bound into a leather portfolio. They are the product of "Escribanos," or Spanish public notaries, who produced a large quantity of such documents in the Spanish colonies. The documents in the collection relate to property titles of lands in the region of Itzmiquilpa, in the countryside near Mexico City, and can be divided into three categories. The first category, called "escribanias de merced' or "mercedes," are relatedto feudal customs in the occupation of land in the Spanish Empire. The "merced" was a kind of feudal title bestowed on a colonial aristocrat by the viceroy. The beneficiary of a merced acquired economical and judicial rights over a specific territory. The second category of NOTORIAL DOCUMENTS are "cartas de venta," and refer to the sale of the feudal rights acquired with the property of a "merced". According to the 1908 letter of Pablo Macedo, these documents include those signed by three viceroy's of Mexico: the Marquez de Salinas, Don Diego Fernandez de Cordova, in 1614; and the Count of Monterrey, Don Gaspar de Zunega y Acevedo, in 1601.

The last five folders in the collection contain MISCELLANY. Included here is an account book from the town of Purisima Concepcion de Landa, dated 1798; two papal bulls to the Spanish-American kingdoms, dated 1711 and 1806; and a kind of handwritten appendix to a practical agricultural manual, written around 1869, which provides many details on 19th century Mexican agronomy. Also included in the MISCELLANY are legal documents relating to the state of Queretaro (1861).


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11 Letter from Pablo Macedo, 1908. Includes translation


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12 Inspection Reports, 1795 - 1802. Silver Mines of Capula
13 Inspection Reports, 1789. San Antonio del Dotor
14 Inspection Reports, 1802 - 1803. Real de Capula
15 Title of Property of the Mine Named "Peregrina", 1788.


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16 Notarial Documents, 17th Century, 1600 - 1699.


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17 Two Mexican Colonial Documents, 1782 - 1789.
17 Municipal Account Book for the Town of Purisima Concepcion de Landa, 1789.
19 Papal Bulls to the Spanish-American Kingdom, 1711 - 1806.
110 Supplement to the "Practical Manual of Agriculture, Horiculture and Gardening", 1869.
111 Testament of Manuela Jiminez in Queretaro, 1861.

Finding aid generated: 2005-10-28