Abstract

Papers of Captain Harry Langley Pence, U.S. Naval Academy graduate (1906), career United States Navy officer (1902-1945), and Red Cross administrator (1945-1946). The papers contain communiques, typescripts, correspondence, diaries, memorabilia, memorandums, orders, photographs, reports, reprints, and scrapbooks.

Biography

Harry Langley Pence was born on September 23, 1882, in Sardina, Ohio. Pence graduated from Hillsboro High School in 1901, attended the Ohio State University (1901-1902) and graduated from the United States Naval Academy with a bachelor of science degree in 1906.

Following his graduation from the Naval Academy, Pence spent the majority of his shipboard assignments serving as either a gunnery officer, executive officer or captain aboard a number of ships including the USS Maryland (1906-1907, 1909-1912), USS Rainbow (1907), USS Kearsarge (1908), USS Illinois (1913), USS Rhode Island (1914-1915), USS Texas (1916-1918), USS McFarland (1921-1924), USS Tennessee (1927-1932), USS Memphis (1932-1934), USS Hopkins (1934), and the USS Moffett (1938). Pence served aboard the USS Kearsarge while it was attached to the Great White Fleet that circumnavigated the world from 1907 to 1909. While aboard the USS Texas, Pence was present during the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet to the British Grand Fleet.

In 1919, Pence was appointed port officer in Trieste and was responsible for four additional ports -- Fiume, Spalato, Gravosa (Ragusa), and Gallipoli (Italy). From 1920-1921, he was assigned to the United States Embassy in London, England, where he served as the assistant naval attache and later acting naval attache.

Following this assignment, Pence assumed command of the USS McFarland, 1921-1924, in Constantinople. On its first tour, the USS McFarland served as flag tender to the commander of the United States Naval Forces in Europe - Vice Admiral Niblack. On the USS McFarland's second tour, Pence commanded a division of destroyers in the Near East under Admiral Bristol, high commander.

Pence held several posts as an instructor, the first at the US Naval Academy in the Department of Navigation (1912-1914) and at the United States Naval War College (1924-1927) in Newport, Rhode Island, as a student, then as an instructor. Pence returned to Naval War College from 1934-1937 as an instructor and head of the Department of Intelligence.

From 1939 until his retirement from the Navy on March 31, 1945, Pence's assignments were administrative. From 1939-1941, he served as chief of staff of the 6th, 7th and 8th Naval Districts while serving as captain of the yard, Charleston, South Carolina. From 1941-1944, Pence served as a liaison officer to the General Board of the Navy, which advised the Secretary of the Navy on all matters of naval policy. Collaterally, from 1943-1944, Pence served as the Navy Department liaison officer for matters concerning the military government program - Civil Affairs. From 1944-1945, Pence was a senior member of the Subcommittee on Far Eastern Affairs with the Joint Post War Committee (Joint Chiefs of Staff).

After retiring from the Navy, Pence accepted a one year position with the American Red Cross. Pence worked with the relief program responsible for prisoners of war in the Far East and as a member of the general committee to amend the Geneva Conventions of 1929.

Pence lived in La Jolla, California, where he worked as a real estate broker until his death on March 5, 1977.

Scope and Content of Collection

The papers of Captain Harry Pence document the professional military career of a rising United States Naval officer who served, and recorded his experiences, during the first half of the twentieth century. Pence sailed with the Great White Fleet, witnessed the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet during World War I, logged his experiences at overseas duty stations including Trieste and Constantinople, served as a Navy administrator during World War II, and worked on prisoner of war issues with the Red Cross.

The collection contain correspondence, diaries, memorabilia, memoranda, orders, reports, and other documents collected during Pence's military duty assignments. Also included are scrapbooks, photograph albums and photographs of Pence, ships, places visited by Pence, and navy personnel. The bulk of the material dates from 1906-1946.

The papers were processed in 2002, with an accession added in 2013. Paper are arranged in nine series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) MILITARY DUTY POSTS, 3) RED CROSS, 4) DIARIES, 5) PHOTOGRAPHS, 6) MAPS, 7) SCRAPBOOKS, 8) CORRESPONDENCE, and 9) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS.

SERIES 1: BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS series is arranged in three subseries: A) Personal Materials, B) Education and C) Awards and Certificates.

A) The Personal Materials subseries is arranged alphabetically and includes career summations, mementos collected by Pence, a driver's license, passports, and newspaper clippings about Pence.

B) The Education subseries, arranged chronologically, contains notebooks, yearbooks, assignments, report cards, and exams related to Pence's education at Hillsboro High School, the Ohio State University, the United States Naval Academy, and the United States Naval War College. Included in this series are materials related to the United States Naval Academy Association of the Class of 1906, including the planning of a 50th reunion.

C) The Awards and Certificates subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains numerous certificates of membership including Pence's bachelor of science degree certificate from the United States Naval Academy, his certificate of graduation from the United States Naval War College, and his United States Navy certificates of commission.

SERIES 2: MILITARY DUTY POSTS

The MILITARY DUTY POSTS series documents Pence's military assignments and is arranged in eighteen subseries: A) USS Kearsarge (1908), B) USS Maryland (1909-1912), C) United States Naval Academy - Instructor (1912-1914), D) USS Rhode Island (1914-1915), E) USS Texas (1917-1918), F) Port Officer - Trieste (1919), G) Naval Attache - England (1920-1921), H) USS McFarland (1921-1924), I) US Naval War College - Instructor (1925-1927), J) USS Tennessee (1927-1932), K) Navy Department (1929-1932), L) USS Memphis (1932-1934), M) US Naval War College - Instructor (1934-1937), N) Squadron Eleven - Commander (1937-1938), O) Chief of Staff - Commander of the Yard (1939-1941), P) General Board (1941-1944), Q) Naval Operations (1943-1944), and R) Joint Chiefs of Staff (1944-1945).

A) The USS Kearsarge (1908) subseries contains one folder of notes related to target practice.

B) The USS Maryland (1909-1912) subseries contains logs, itineraries and notes.

C) The United States Naval Academy - Instructor (1912-1913) subseries contains Pence's examination and practical work notebooks.

D) The USS Rhode Island (1914-1915) subseries contains blueprint charts, memorandums, orders, reports, and notes.

E) The USS Texas (1916-1918) subseries contains reports, notes, orders, photographs, charts, correspondence, memorandums, and an ode. The folder entitled "Capitulation of the German High Seas Fleet" contains several drafts of Pence's firsthand account of the German High Seas Fleet surrendering to the British Grand Fleet.

F) The Port Officer - Trieste (1919) subseries contains correspondence, memorandums, logs, journals, orders, intelligence reports, and a propaganda poster. The port officer log provides a detailed account of vessel and personnel traffic through Trieste during Pence's assignment as port officer.

G) The Naval Attache - England (1920-1921) subseries includes lists of foreign diplomatic personnel in London, a newspaper clipping, an official itinerary, a memorandum, and a log related to an eighteen day trip through Europe. H) The USS McFarland (1921-1924) subseries contains correspondence, memorandums, movement orders, telegrams, a list of Americans in Constantinople during 1922, and a ship's diary. The ship's diary documents the ship's activities and movements during Pence's command. The list of Americans in Constantinople during 1922 indicates Ernest Hemingway as an American in Constantinople at the time.

I) The US Naval War College - Instructor (1925-1927) subseries contains teaching material, typescripts, reports, and a speech.

J) The USS Tennessee (1927-1929) subseries contains telegrams, memorandums and memorabilia.

K) The Navy Department (1929-1932) subseries contains correspondence, reports, typescripts, teaching material, speeches, reprints, newspaper clippings, a map, and memorabilia. Well represented in this subseries are Pence's assignments as naval aid to Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera (at the time, President-elect of Columbia) during Olaya Hererra's 1930 tour of America and the establishment of the Army Industrial College, a joint venture with the Army designed to train personnel for procurement planning.

L) The US Naval War College - Instructor (1934-1937) subseries contains lecture notes, a two year course proposal and a list of administrative staff. This subseries supplements the US Naval War College - Instructor (1925-1927) subseries.

M) The Squadron Eleven - Commander (1937-1938) subseries contains a note and a memorandum.

N) The Chief of Staff - Captain of the Yard (1939-1941) subseries contains a speech, newspaper clippings, programs, and a report related to the launching of the USS Grayson.

O) The General Board (1941-1944) subseries contains memorandums, meeting minutes, a notebook, and a list of Japanese citizens who attended the United States Naval Academy. Of particular interest are the meeting minutes entitled "General Board - Security Technical Committee."

P) The Naval Operations (1943-1944) subseries contains correspondence, memorandums, commencement addresses, field reports, charts, notebooks, and reprints. It documents Pence's participation at the administrative and planning level with the burgeoning Civil Affairs Division, which later became part of the US Army's Special Operations. Of interest are the Civil Affairs Committee memorandums, the correspondence with field officers, field reports, and the development of the US Naval School of Military Government and Administration at Columbia University.

Q) The Joint Chiefs of Staff (1944-1945) subseries contains committee meeting minutes, memorandums, reports, and surrender terms. Pence served on the Joint Post War Committee, and was a senior member of the Subcommittee on Far Eastern Affairs. Included are copies of the surrender terms for both Japan and Germany.

SERIES 3: RED CROSS

The RED CROSS series contains correspondence, memorandums, photographs, reports, and newspaper clippings related to the year that Pence worked for the American Red Cross. He was responsible for the Relief Program for prisoners of war, especially the Far East and was a member of the general committee to amend the 1929 Geneva Convention. This series contains approximations of American POWs and civilian internees in all known Japanese prison and internee camps, an overview of the quantity and quality of food and medical supplies distributed to American POWs and civilian internees, and interviews with former American POWs from the Far East. The folders related to the 1929 Geneva Convention revisions contain numerous heavily annotated copies of the 1929 Geneva Convention Treaty, as well as correspondence and memorandums related to suggested changes.

SERIES 4: DIARIES

The DIARIES series is arranged in two subseries: A) Naval Diaries and B) Personal Diaries.

A) The Naval Diaries subseries is arranged chronologically and documents Pence's naval career. The journals record the activities of his assignments, personal observations and often, a cruise log is included at the front of each journal designating the ship Pence was assigned to, ports visited, distance travelled, as well as additional comments. Of particular interest is Diary - Volume 2, which includes the time Pence spent aboard the USS Kearsarge as it cruised with the Great White Fleet and Diary - Volume 4, which recounts the German High Seas Fleet surrendering to the British Grand Fleet.

B) The Personal Diaries subseries is arranged chronologically and documents Pence's civilian activities. Although some of the Personal Diaries are dated during Pence's service in the Navy, they are distinct from the Naval Diaries in that they do not reflect information or observations regarding his military assignments. The diaries contain personal observations related to Pence's daily routine, life events, as well as an occasoinal record of real estate transactions.

SERIES 5: PHOTOGRAPHS

The PHOTOGRAPHS series is arranged in eight subseries: A) Pence, B) Pence Family, C) Pence with Others, D) Others, E) Ships and Aircraft, F) Places, G) Events, and H) Photograph Albums.

A) The Pence subseries is arranged chronologically and contains portraits of Pence.

B) The Pence Family subseries contains one folder of photographs of Pence's immediate family. Included are photographs of his mother (Margaret Luella), father (Ellis), daughter (Margaret), and his nieces and nephew (the Howells).

C) The Pence with Others subseries is arranged alphabetically by name of the other person Included are photographs of crew members who served with Pence aboard various ships.

D) The Others subseries is arranged alphabetically by personal name. People of particular interest are President Warren Harding (inscribed to Pence), Admiral Edward Kalbfus, Admiral Niblack, and Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera.

E) The Ships and Aircraft subseries is arranged alphabetically by ship name. Contained in this subseries are photographs of nearly every ship Pence served aboard or commanded, as well as numerous ships of interest to Pence. Also included are photographs of aircraft (zeppelins and planes).

F) The Places subseries is arranged alphabetically by location. The photographs reflect the foreign ports, cities, and countries Pence visited during his assignments and cruises. Of interest are the folders entitled "Balkans," "Russia - Odessa" and "Scapa Flow." The "Scapa Flow" folder contains an image of the German Fleet at the Scapa Flow. In addition to the foreign locales visited by Pence, there is a folder titled "Miscellaneous US Locales" containing photographs taken in the United States from both Pence's official assignments, as well as vacation and civilian excursions.

G) The Events subseries is arranged alphabetically by event title. Of interest are the folders entitled "Battle of Jutland," "Surrender of the German Fleet (WWI)" and "Surrender of the German High Seas Fleet." The "Battle of Jutland" folder contains prints of a number of British vessels involved in the Jutland engagement, including the sinking of the HMS Invincible. The "Surrender of the German Fleet (WWI)" folder contains an oblique aerial image of the surrender taken from the HMS Seymore (a dirigible).

H) The Photograph Albums subseries, arranged chronologically, contains photograph albums documenting Pence's professional and personal experiences during several military assignments including documentation of the Great White Fleet tour.

SERIES 6: MAPS

The MAPS series is arranged alphabetically by map title and contains annotated maps reflecting some of the areas of the world in which Pence cruised.

SERIES 7: SCRAPBOOKS

The SCRAPBOOKS series is arranged chronologically and contains newspaper clippings of interest to and about Pence; memorabilia such as invitations, calling cards, menus, and programs; and ephemera. Of particular interest is the "Telegram scrapbook, 1918," which recounts the final two weeks of World War I as revealed by the telegram and radiogram communications between the Commander-in-Chief of the British Grand Fleet and the Commander-in-Chief of the German High Seas Fleet.

SERIES 8: CORRESPONDENCE

The series, arranged alphabetically, contains correspondence with military personnel, corporations, political figures, family and friends, and telegrams. Notable correspondents includes Fleet Admiral William Leahy; Admiral Albert Niblack; Admiral Roger Keyes, R.N.; Admiral Edward Alexander-Sinclair, R.N.; Richard M. Nixon (as a congressman and vice president); a manuscript copy of a letter sent to Senator Lyndon B. Johnson; and a mass mailing note from Dwight Eisenhower (prior to his presidency).

SERIES 9: MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

The MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS series is arranged alphabetically and contains writings by Pence and others that do not directly relate to his military career, works of art, qualifying examinations, typescripts of others, a brief diary kept by Pence's mother, newpaper clippings of interest to Pence, and rosters of officers. Of interest in this series is Fleet Admiral Ernest King's "Youngster Exams" notebook.

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

Personal Materials

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1 1 Career summations, 1945 - 1976.
29 2 Clippings and ephemera, 1907 - 1922.
29 1 Curriculum vitae [photocopy].
1 2 Driver's license, as issued by the Municipalidad de Panama, 1932.
29 3 Leave requests, 1918.
1 3 Mementos.
1 4 Newsclippings about Pence.
1 5 Passports, 1919 - 1921.

Education

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1 6 Hillsboro High School - Physics notebook, 1899 - 1900.
Ohio State University.
1 7 "English Literature: An Outline", 1901.
1 8 Report card, 1901.
1 9 "Roman Roads: A Study of Highways", 1902.
1 10 Yearbook, 1902.
United States Naval Academy.
1 11 Entrance examination papers for admission, 1896 - 1902.
1 12 Congressional appointment - Includes correspondence, clippings and an invitation, 1902 - 1906.
2 1 FB-318-07 Department of Marine Engineering and Naval Construction - Technical drawings, 1903.
2 2 English notebook, 1903.
2 3 Physics notebook, 1903.
2 4 Seamanship and Ordnance notebook, used while Pence served aboard the U.S.S. Indiana and the U.S.S. Hartford, 1903.
2 5 Youngster exams notebook, 1903 - 1904.
2 6 Chemistry notebook, 1904.
2 7 Navigation notebook, 1904.
3 1 Report cards, 1904 - 1906.
3 2-5 Yearbooks, 1904 - 1906.
3 5 Modern Languages - French and Spanish, final exam, 1906.
3 6 Navigation notebook, 1906.
USS Maryland.
4 1 Cruise journal - Includes a list of ports visited, notes, drawings, and a photograph, 1906 - 1907.
4 2 Gunnery materials, 1906 - 1907.
4 3 Miscellaneous materials, 1906 - 1910.
Includes a handwritten log, an "unofficial log," an itinerary, and handwritten notes.
4 4 Final exams, 1907.
4 5 International Law notebook, 1907.
Association of the Class of 1906.
4 6 Chart analysing the progress and attrition of the class, 1937.
29 15 Bulletins, 1944 - 1959.
29 16 Correspondence.
29 17 Reunion programs, 1951 & 1956.
29 18 50th Reunion, west coast - Photographs, 1956.
Naval War College.
4 7 Storyboard of the "naval officer taking War College course", 1921.
4 8 "Command" - Thesis, 1924.
4 9 "Policy" - Thesis, 1924.
4 10 "Strategy and Logisitics" - Thesis, 1924.
Thesis.
4 11 "Tactical Problem 1" (Tac. 10, Mod. 8), Blue situation, 1924.
4 12-13 "Tactics" - Thesis, 1924.
4 14 "Joint Problem No. 1" (Strat. 80, Tact 101), Blue situation, 1925.
4 15 "Strategy and Tactics" - Notes, 1925.
4 16 "Tactical Problem III" (Tact. 96, Mod. I) - Day cruising formation, 1925.
4 17 "Strategic Problem V" (Strat. 74, Mod. 1) - Screens and operations.

Awards and Certificates

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4 18 Army-Navy "E" Award, 1943.
5 1 Certificate of Confirmation, 1941.
5 2 FB-318-05 Certificate of Membership - Islam Temple, the Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 1913.
5 3 Certificate of Membership - National Geographic Society, 1934.
5 4 Navy Cross - Copy negative.
5 5 Navy Cross and Navy Expeditionary Medal, dress ribbons.
5 6 United States Naval Academy - Bachelor of science degree certificate, 1937.
5 7 FB-318-03 United States Naval Academy - Certificate of graduation, 1908.
5 8 United States Naval Institute - Membership, 1913.
5 9 United States Naval War College - Certificate of completion, 1925.
5 10 United States Navy - Certificates of commission: Ensign (1908); Lieutenant, j.g. (1908); Lieutenant (1911); Lieutenant Commander (1917); Commander (1918); and Captain (1931).
5 11 Unidentified certificate.

MILITARY DUTY POSTS

USS Kearsarge (1908)

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5 12 Notes on Record Target Practice, 1908.

USS Maryland (1909-1912)

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5 13 Cruise log, June 30, 1911 - June 2, 1912.
5 14 Memorabila, 1911.

US Naval Academy - Instructor (1912-1914)

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5 15 Mathematics and Mechanics - Practical work and examinations, 1912 - 1914.
5 16-17 Navigation - Practical work and examinations, 1912 - 1914.

USS Rhode Island (1913-1916)

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6 1 Gunnery material - Memoranda, orders and report, 1914 - 1916.
6 2 Landing Force in Tampcio - Includes field orders, 1913 - 1914.

USS Texas (1915-1918)

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6 3 Gunnery material - Includes bulletins, memoranda, orders, and summaries, 1916 - 1918.
6 4 Memoranda - Subjects include, "Assignment to Duty" and "Service Record - Connection Promotion to Grade of Commander" and an afternoon tea in Edinburgh, 1917 - 1918.
6 5 Odes to the Texas, 1917.
6 6 Operations material - Includes memoranda, orders, operation order for the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet, and correspondence, 1916 - 1918.
6 7 Pence, Harry. "Capitulation of the German High Seas Fleet", 1916 - 1918.
6 8 World War Submarine Campaign against Entente Commerce - Blueprint chart, 1915 - 1918.

Port Officer - Trieste (1919)

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6 9 Administration and orders, 1917 - 1919.
6 10-11 Correspondence, 1919.
6 12 Fiume - Political and economic conditions. Includes typescript copies of hand bills and a typescript copy of an intelligence report, 1919.
6 13 Identification, announcing Pence as a U.S. Naval officer, authored by Pence, 1919.
6 14 Journal - Contains Pence's observations during his "special inspection" duty, particularly the Whitehead Torpedo Works, as well as enemy vessels based at Pola, Istria, October 7, 1918 - June 19, 1919.
6 15 Port Officer's Log, January 25 - June 10, 1919.
6 16 Reports, 1919.
6 17 Poster - An Italian propaganda poster recounting Italy's involvement in World War I, 1919.
6 18 USS Square Wheel Log, 1919.

Acting Naval Attache - England (1920-1921)

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7 1 Foreign Embassies and Legations in London, 1920 - 1921.
7 2 Itinerary to London, 1921.
7 3 List of names - Unidentified. [Possibly related to Pence's appointment to the US Embassy in London], 1920.
7 4 Memorandum and report, 1921.
7 5 Pence, Harry. "Trip of Eighteen Days thru Europe", 1921.

USS McFarland (1921-1924)

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7 6 Diary reports - Typescript copies of Pence's ship diary while aboard the McFarland, 1922 - 1923.
7 7 List of Americans in Constantinople, 1922.
Listed under the heading "Miscellaneous Americans," subheading "H," is Ernest M. Hemingway.
7 8 Operations material - Includes movement orders, correspondence, telegrams, and an extract from a typescript entitled "Turkey" by Emil Lengyel, 1921 - 1924.

US Naval War College - Instructor (1925-1927)

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7 9 Pence, Harry. "Suggestions for Conducting Chart and Board Maneuvers," "Lessons Learned: Junior Class," and "Comments on Battle Fleet Tactical Exercise", 1926 - 1927.
7 10 Suggestions Submitted [by Pence] for an Improved War College, 1926 - 1927.
7 11 FB-318-17 Tactical Estimate of the Situation - Form developed by Pence and used at the US Naval War College, 1927.
7 12 Welcome Address - Class of 1927.

USS Tennessee (1927-1929)

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7 13 Memorabilia, 1927 - 1929.
7 14 Patrol Organization - San Francisco, CA, 1928.
7 15 Telegrams and memoranda, 1928 - 1929.

Navy Department (1929-1932)

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7 16 Joint Army/Navy Munitions Board - Contains correspondence, reports, recommendations, acts of Congress, estimates, and charts, 1930 - 1931.
7 17 Material Procurement Planning, Army Industrial College - Includes speeches and lectures delivered at the Army Industrial College by Pence, Bogman, William Malone, John Pershing, and Franklin Steinwachs, 1930 - 1931.
7 18 FB-318-16 Military Attache to Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera - Map of Dr. Olaya Herrera's inspection of Chicago, 1930.
7 19 Military Attache to Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera - Newspaper clippings, telegrams, invitations, a map, and correspondence, 1930.
7 20 Pence, Harry. "Material Procurement Planning", 1931 - 1947.

US Naval War College - Instructor (1934-1937)

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7 21 Conference of Ambassadors - Lecture notes related to various treaties.
7 22 Neutrality - Contains lecture notes, memoranda, newspaper clippings, typescripts, and reprints, 1935 - 1936.
7 23 Singapore-Auckland Line - Lecture notes and slide index, 1935.
8 1 Singapore-Torres Strait - Annotated lecture notes, 1934.
8 2 Strategic Areas: Hawaiian Islands - Annotated lecture notes, 1936.
8 3 Tabulation of Policies of the United States, 1934.
8 4 Tactics - Lecture notes regarding the review of the junior class theses.
8 5 Two Year Course Proposal, 1934.
8 6 United States Naval War College - List of administrative staff and instructors, 1936 - 1937.

Squadron Eleven - Commander (1937-1938)

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8 7 Change of Command Ceremony, USS Moffett - Memorandum, 1938.
8 8 Engagement Tactics, USS Hopkins - Notes.

Chief of Staff - Captain of the Yard (1939-1941)

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8 9 Launching ceremony, USS Grayson - Includes a speech, program and newspaper clippings, 1940.
Photographs of the ceremony are located in the PHOTOGRAPHS series, subseries Events - Box 24, folder28.
8 10 Report of the President - Officer's Club, 1940.
8 15 Security Technical Committee - Includes material related to foreign affairs and reconstruction, 1942 - 1943.

General Board (1941-1944)

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8 11 Education and Training of Children and Youths - Includes two memoranda entitled "Education and Training of German Children and Youths" and "Education and Training of Japanese Children and Youths," as well as a typescript entitled "Citizenry", 1942.
8 12 Memoranda, 1940 - 1944.
8 13 Notebook - Includes the following subjects: "Colored," "Maas," "Plant Facilities," "E.D.O. Command," "Fortify Guam," and "Commadore", 1941 - 1942.
8 14 List of names of Japanese who attended the United States Naval Academy, 1941.

Naval Operations (1943-1944)

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8 16 447th Bomb Group Combat Missions - Charts, 1943 - 1945.
Civil Affairs Division of the War Department.
Administrative correspondence.
8 17 1942 - 1943.
9 1-3 1943 - 1945.
9 4-7 Civil Affairs Committee - Memoranda, 1943 - 1944.
9 8 "Establishment of the Occupied Areas Section (OP-50-E)" - Report.
Field officer correspondence.
9 9-10 1942 - 1944.
10 1-2 1944.
10 3 "Military Government Activities United States Navy" - Report, 1944.
10 4 "Occupied Areas Section (OP-50-E)" - Field report, 1943 - 1944.
10 5 House Joint Resolution 55, "Providing for the Administration and Protection of Territories and Possessions of the United States by the Navy Department", 1945.
10 6 Interdepartmental Policy Committee and Coordinating Committee, 1943.
10 7 Organizational charts, 1944.
10 8 Pence, Harry. "Civil Affairs Program" - Report compiled by Pence for James B. Forrestal, Under Secretary of the Navy, 1943.
10 9 Pence, Harry. "Memorandum Concerning History of Naval Military Government".
10 10 Pence, Harry. "Supplementary Comments on Training and Other Features of Civil Affairs (Military Government)", 1946.
United States Naval School of Military Government and Administration at Columbia University.
10 11 Commencement address.
11 1 Correspondence, memoranda, speeches, and several lists of instructors and speakers, 1942.
11 2 Correspondence, memoranda, class photograph, speeches, instructional staff roster, list of curriculum, and an alphabetical list of officers, 1942 - 1943.
11 3 Two published articles entitled "Military Government School: Its Alumni Face a Big Test in the Marshalls" and "The Navy Governs the Marshalls: Classroom Theories Prove Successful in Handling Natives on Pacific Atolls," and a reprint entitled "Military Government in the Navy", 1943.

Joint Chiefs of Staff (1944-1945)

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Joint Post War Committee - Subcommittee for the Far East.
11 4 Memoranda and meeting minutes, 1944 - 1945.
11 5-6 "Military Government in the Japanese Empire and Manchuria," includes Korea and Formosa, 1944.
11 7 Memorandum Study of Naval Patrol and Air Surveillance to Enforce Armistice Terms upon Japan, 1944.
11 8 Nature and Consequences of Unconditional Surrender under International Law - Memorandum prepared by Professor P. Jessup, May 1944.
11 9-10 Special Committee on Migration and Settlement, Documents of, 1943.
State-War-Navy Coordinating Committee.
11 11 Memoranda and minutes related to the surrender of Japan - Includes a document entitled "Unconditional Surrender of Japan", 1942 - 1945.
12 1 Minutes of the first thirteen meetings of the State-War-Navy Coordinating Committee (SWNCC) - Pacific Far Eastern Sub-Committee (PFESC), 1945.
12 2 Surrender Terms - Germany, 1944.

RED CROSS

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12 3 American Red Cross News Service, [1945].
12 4 Chronological Record of Efforts to Arrange for Shipment of Supplies to American Nationals in Far East, [1945].
12 5 Data on Prisoner of War, Far East - Summaries, reports, tables, press releases, and correspondence regarding American and Allied POWs and civilian internees, 1945 - 1946.
12 6 Diplomatic list - Department of State, British Red Cross, 1946.
12 7 Food relief - Correspondence, memoranda and photographs relating to the distribution, quality, quantity, and improvement of food supplies sent to American POWs in the Far East, 1943 - 1946.
12 8 Japanese Internees - United States, 1941 - 1946.
12 9 Japanese Prisoner of War Payment - Inscribed with "Pay of an American Pvt. POW in Jap Prison Camps for one day, Toyama POW camp, Toyama, Japan. June 1 to September 6, 1945. Col. C.A.C.", 1945.
12 10 Medical relief - Lists, instructions, photographs, and correspondence relating to the distribution, quality, quantity, and improvements of medical supplies sent to American POWs in the Far East, 1942 - 1945.
12 11 Pence, Harry. "American Prisoners in the Far East," volume 1, number 1 of Far Eastern Prisoner of War Bulletin, 1945.
12 12 Pence, Harry. "Red Cross Relief to Prisoners of War - Far East - World War II", 1947.
12 13 Prisoner of War and Civilian Internees Interviews, Far East - Includes a translation of "Regulations Pertaining to Treatment of POWs in Japan," as outlined by the commanders of the Prison Escort Navy of the Great Japanese Empire; a "Summary of Steps Taken by the Department of State in Behalf of American Nationals in Japanese Custody;" a bulletin of the Liberation of Philippines Internment Camp #1; as well as several accounts of American former POW and civilian internee experiences while imprisoned by the Japanese, 1943 - 1946.
12 14 Prisoner of War Release Kits - Includes a list entitled "Supplies Received by POWs," itemized shipping lists as well as numerous memoranda and correspondence, 1943 - 1946.
Prisoner of War Relief (Far East).
1929 Geneva Convention Revisions.
12 15-16 Correspondence, memos, drafts, recommendations, and revisions, 1941 - 1946.
13 1 Reference material - Two heavily annotated copies of the 1929 Geneva Convention Treaty, 1932 - 1946.
13 2-3 Accounting - Includes correspondence and memoranda related to the disbursement of relief funds, 1944 - 1946.
13 4-5 Administrative correspondence, 1945 - 1946.
13 6 Report of the American Red Cross, prepared by Maurice Pate, Director, Prisoner of War Relief - Supplementary relief supplies for American Prisoners of War in Europe, 1945.

DIARIES

Naval Diaries

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Box Folder Oversize
13 7-9 Volumes 1-3, 1906 - 1918.
14 1 Unnumbered volume - Contains numerous recipes, 1915.
14 2-4 Volume 4, 1918.
14 5 Volume 5, 1918 - 1920.
14 6 Volume (Black), 1922.
15 1 Volume (Yellow), 1922 - 1923.
15 2-6 Volumes 6-9, 1923 - 1939.
15 7 [Volume 10] - Entries dating April 1, 1945 to March 31, 1948 reflect Pence's civilian life, 1939 - 1948.
16 1 Logs - Sea Voyages. Typescript transcription of the logs found in Pence's diaries, 1906 - 1938.

Personal Diaries

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Box Folder Oversize
16 2 1893 - 1895 - Juvenile diary.
16 3 1925 - Vacation diary.
16 4 1943 - Hawaiian vacation diary.
16 5 1948 - 1953.
16 6 1953 - 1970.
16 7 1962 - Washington, D.C.; New York and Chicago Trip.
16 8 Undated - Asian trip.

PHOTOGRAPHS

Portraits of Pence

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Box Folder Oversize
17 1 1898 - 1901 - Hillsboro High School, Hillsboro, Ohio.
17 2 1908 - Cavite, Philippines.
17 3 1908 - Ensign.
17 4 1908 - Shanghai.
17 5-6 1911 - 1918.
17 7-8 1918 - 1931 - Commander.
17 9 1920 - Berlin, Germany.
17 10 1920 - 1921 - London, England.
17 11 1921 - 1923 - Constantinople, Turkey.
17 12 1924, 1924.
17 13 1927 - Full dress.
17 14-15 FB-323-03 1931 - 1945 - Captain.
17 16 1943 - Honolulu, Hawaii.
17 17-18 Undated.

Pence Family

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Box Folder Oversize
17 19 Miscellaneous Pence family photographs.

Pence with Others

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Box Folder Oversize
17 20 Austins - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
17 21 Buchner-Schneidel, Nora, 1956.
17 22 Elliott, Captain.
17 23 Elnis, Mr. and Mrs. and Ruth Pence - Nantucket, Massachusetts.
17 24-25 FB-323-01 Hillsboro High School - Cadets, 1900 - 1901.
17 26 Hoyts - Hillsboro, Ohio.
17 27 International group of Army, Navy and Marine officers.
17 28 Kelley, Walter.
17 29 FB-323-01 Mannix, Captain [Daniel Pratt] - Constantinople, Turkey.
17 30 FB-323-01 Nicholson, E.H.M., O.S.E., R.N.; Parker, O.B.E.; Zeitler, W., U.S. Navy; and Clerke, C.B.E., Late R.N - At the Hatfield Armour Piercing Projectile Factory, Sheffield, England.
17 31 FB-323-01 Official Lunch for President-Elect of Columbia, Dr. Enrique Olaya Herrera.
17 32 FB-323-01 Planning and Estimators Association Annual get-together, Washington, D.C., 1920.
17 33 Publicity photographs related to a movie filmed aboard the USS Tennessee.
17 34 Rizzo, Commander.
17 35 Seymour - New Orleans, 1940.
17 36 FB-323-01 United States Embassy - London, England, 1921.
17 37 United States Naval Academy.
17 38 FB-318-12 United States Naval War College - Class photograph, 1925 - 1937.
17 39 FB-323-01 USS Hopkins - Crew.
17 40-41 FB-323-01 USS Maryland - Crew - Includes 3rd Division (6 inch gun battery) and the crew of the 6 inch gun record.
17 42 FB-323-07 USS Maryland - Officers.
17 43 USS McFarland - Crew.
17 44 MC-141-07 USS McFarland - Crew.
17 45 FB-323-01 USS McFarland - Crew.
17 46-47 MC-999-76 USS Memphis - Crew - Balboa Harbor - Panama Canal Zone, 1933 & undated.
17 48 FB-323-07 USS Moffett - Crew, 1938.
17 49 MC-141-07 USS Rhode Island - Crew, 1915.
17 50-51 FB-323-07 USS Tennessee - Crew.
17 52 Wisecup, Gerald, Leone Pence and Peg Allen.
17 53 Wolleson and Holmes.
17 54-55 FB-323-01 Unidentified.
Box Folder Oversize
18 1 FB-323-02 Barclay, McClelland, 1942.
18 2 Barracco, Stanislao Luigi Maria Alfonsa. [Baron Barracco as an infant].
18 3 Black, Franklin.
18 4 Buckley, Eva, 1922.
18 5 Burroughs, Harold, 1945.
18 6 Carpenter, Alfred, 1922.
18 7 Crosby, Commander Paul, Captain Wallace and Margaret Austin.
18 8 Crosse, 1907.
18 9 de Rochemont, Louis, 1930.
18 10 Doherty, Stephen. [Doherty was Pence's roommate at USNA], 1959.
18 11 Eaton, William Edward.
18 12 Fraser-Tytler, William Kerr, 1944.
18 13 Fulton, W. M.
18 14 Grafe, Helen and Jack Holderness.
18 15 Hadfield, Robert, 1922.
18 16 FB-318-11 Harding, Warren - [Inscribed and signed by Harding].
Restrictions Apply
18 17 FB-318-11 Harvey, 1921.
18 18 Hemphill, Admiral, 1908.
18 19 Henderson, Robert, 1944.
18 20 Hetfield, Steeles and Coebran - "Cuyama Days".
18 21 Hoeta, Major Vincenzo - Royal Italian Navy, 1922.
18 22 Hoffman, Nancy Anderson.
18 23 Hoyt, Setta.
18 24 Hoyt, W. - Hillsboro, Ohio, 1912.
18 25 Hunter, Dolly - Newport, Rhode Island.
18 26 FB-323-02 Kalbfuss, Edward Clifford.
18 27 Mannix, Captain [Daniel Pratt] - Photographs of Captain Mannix, his wife and others on the French Riviera (Monte Carlo) and other European locales, 1937.
18 28 Mills - Associated Press reporter.
18 29 Moore, Sam and his Commanding Officers, 1939.
18 30 Niblack, Albert P., 1921.
18 31 Niblack, Mary, 1921.
18 32 FB-318-11 Olaya Herrera, Dr. Enrique, 1931.
18 33 FB-323-02 Old Navy - Photograph of four crew members of the USS Mohican, including a brief biography of each crew member, 1888.
18 34 FB-323-02 Old Salts - Photograph of crew members of the USS Hartford, including a brief biography of each crew member, 1876 - 1877.
18 35 Pettuegill, George.
18 36 Phillips, Richard.
18 37 Rustin, James Moore, 1919.
18 38 Smith, Admiral and Mr. Wright - Fishing off Balboa, Panama.
18 39 FB-323-02 Soroia, Emanuele Filiberto oli - Duke d'Aosta, 1919.
18 40 Stone, Fred, 1917 - 1919.
18 41 Tirelind, D., 1921.
18 42 Turner, Mrs. and daughters.
18 43 FB-318-13 United States Naval War College - Class of 1936-1937.
18 44 USS Maryland - Engineer personnel.
18 45 USS Maryland - Reunion, 1938.
18 46 Van Auken, William R., 1927.
18 47 Warner, Oliver, 1918.
18 48 Wilson, Mary, 1908.
18 49 Yallashu, S. M., 1943.
18 50 Unidentified people.

Ships and Aircraft

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Box Folder Oversize
18 51 USS Cuyama.
18 52 USS Hopkins, 1938.
18 53-54 FB-323-04 USS Illinois, 1913.
18 55-56 FB-323-04 USS Kearsarge.
18 57-58 FB-323-04 USS Los Angeles (zeppelin).
18 59-60 FB-323-04 USS Maryland, 1909 - 1912.
18 61 FB-323-04 USS McFarland, 1924.
18 62-63 FB-323-04 USS Memphis, 1929- 1934.
18 64 FB-318-06 USS Memphis.
18 65 USS Moffett.
18 66 USS Rainbow.
18 67 USS Rhode Island.
19 1-2 FB-323-04 USS Tennessee, 1927 - 1929.
19 3-4 FB-318-15 USS Texas - Includes Scapa Flow, 1918.
US Ships.
19 5-6 FB-323-07 Miscellaneous A-C.
19 7 Miscellaneous D-L.
19 8-9 FB-323-04 Miscellaneous M-R.
19 10 Miscellaneous S-W.
19 11-12 FB-318-14 Unidentified.
Includes photographs of submarines.
19 13-14 FB-323-04 British Ships - Miscellaneous.
19 15 German Ships - Unidentified.
Box Folder Oversize
19 16-17 Albania, Durazzo Harbor and Scutari.
19 18 Amasia, [Armenia].
19 19 Austria, Reigersberg, 1936.
19 20 Balkans - Photographs of unidentified people being executed by hanging, 1915 - 1918.
19 21 Belgium, Antwerp, 1913.
19 22 British West Indies, 1924.
20 1 China, 1908.
20 2 Danube River.
20 3 Ecuador.
20 4 England, Huntington, 1928.
20 5 England, London - Taken during Pence's assignment as US Naval Attache, and include photographs of Pence with others, 1920 - 1921.
20 6 Egypt, Jordan, Luxor, the Nile, etc.
20 7 France, Verdun.
World War I.
20 8 Germany, 1920.
20 9-10 FB-323-05 Gibraltar.
20 11 Greece.
20 12 Haidar Pacha.
20 13 Hawaii.
20 14 Holland.
20 15 Honduras.
20 16 Istria, Pola.
20 17-18 Italy, Florence, Pisa and Rome.
20 19-20 FB-318-01 Italy, Pisa and Rome - Prints of buildings & sculptures.
Prints of buildings.
20 21 Japan, 1908.
20 22 Malta.
20 23 Miramare, near Trieste.
20 24 Near East.
20 25 Nicaragua - Aerial photographs of the evacuation of US Marines from Nicaragua after the Nicaraguan elections, 1933.
20 26 North Africa.
21 1-2 Panama - Some appear to have been taken in the Canal Zone during the 1930s.
21 3 Philippines, 1908.
21 4 Prinkipo, Sea of Marimora.
21 5 Russia, Odessa - Includes photographs of the harbor as well as typhus and starvation victims, 1922.
21 6 Soma and the South Pacific.
21 7 FB-323-05 Scapa Flow - German Fleet.
21 8 Seraglio Point, Constantinople.
21 9 FB-323-05 South Carolina, Charleston - Aerial photograph of the navy yard, 1941.
21 10 Spain, Grenada.
21 11 Switzerland, Zurich.
21 12 Syria, Baalbek.
21 13 Trieste, waterfront.
21 14 Turkey.
21 15-16 FB-323-05 United States - Miscellaneous.
21 17-18 United States War College, Newport, Rhode Island.
21 19 Washington, D.C.
21 20 Yugoslavia, Cattaro.
21 21-23 FB-323-05 Unidentified places.
Box Folder Oversize
22 1 FB-323-06 Annexation Demonstration - Fiume, 1917.
22 2 Army-Navy "E" Awards - Burke Electric.
22 3 FB-323-06 Battle of Jutland - Includes duplicate images of the HMS Birmingham, the sinking of the HMS Invincible, HMS Indefatigable, HMS Warrior, and HMS Achilles, 1916.
22 4 Crossing the Line - USS Maryland, 1912.
22 5 Crossing the Line - USS Memphis, 1933.
22 6 Inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt at Annapolis, Pence marching, 1905.
22 7 Inspecting the Model Basin - Washington, D.C. Navy Yard. Admiral of the Fleet, Viscount Jellicoe, 1920.
22 8 Keel layings and ship launchings - Charleston, South Carolina Navy Yard, 1939 - 1940.
22 9 Launching ceremony - HH Oriental, 1945.
22 10 Launching ceremony - USS Grayson, 1941.
22 11 Mess Cook Parade - USS Arkansas.
22 12 Olaya Herrera visit to New York - Includes photographs of Herrera, his family, Pence, Admiral de Steiguer, Jefferson Caffery, and West Point, 1930.
22 13 Passing through the Corinth Canal, Greece.
22 14 Solar Eclipse - Newport, Rhode Island, 1925.
Surrender of the German High Seas Fleet (WWI).
22 15 FB-323-06 Oblique aerial photograph.
22 16 FB-323-06 Described by Pence - "'Der Tag' - November 1918. The surrender of the German High Seas Fleet to the British Grand Fleet, HMS Cruiser Cardiff flying the flag of Admiral Alexander-Sinclair, R.N. leading the German Fleet into the Harbor. Balloon overhead. Autographed by Admiral Alexander-Sinclair. A personal friend.", 1918.
22 17 Trans-American Trip - The Pences, Sammy Moore and Baker. States represented in the photographs include Hawaii, California, Oregon, Arizona, Mississippi, Kansas, as well as postcards of Victoria, British Columbia, 1937 - 1938.
22 18-19 FB-323-06 Unidentified events.
22 20 USS Maryland - Miscellaneous events, 1909 - 1912.

Photograph Albums

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Box Folder Oversize
22 21 FB-319-02 United States Naval Academy - Contains photographs and memorabilia, 1902 - 1921.
22 22 FB-321-03 Atlantic Fleet, 1906 - 1918.
22 23 FB-321-04 White Fleet, 1906 - 1908.
22 24 FB-322-02 Vladivostok, 1906.
22 25 FB-320-02 Naval Attache - London, 1920 - 1921.
22 26 FB-320-03 Army-Navy "E" Awards - Hammond Brass Works, 1943.
See BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS Series, subseries Awards and Certificates, box 4, folder, 18.
Box Folder Oversize
22 27 MC-141-05 Bucurestii - 44 degrees by 44 degrees. "Danube at crossing Rumania and Bulgaria", 1916.
22 28 MC-141-05 Europa - Sud-Oriental - Carta Political. Annotated.
29 14 MC-141-05 European map showing food mission route from Bavaria to Geneva, 1919.
22 29 MC-141-05 Pacific Ocean and the Bay of Bengal - Annotated, 1939.
22 30 AB-999-00 Strategic Map of the World, June 1942.
22 31 MC-141-05 Turquie D'Asie - Annotated.

SCRAPBOOKS

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Box Folder Oversize
23 1 United States Naval Academy, 1902 - 1908.
24 1 Memorabilia - Contains photographs, newspaper clippings, invitations, menus, telegrams, ticket stubs, calling cards, etc., 1905 - 1915.
25 1 Telegram scrapbook - Contains duplicate telegrams and radiograms between the Commander-in-Chief of the British Grand Fleet and the Commander-in-Chief of the German High Seas Fleet, as well as "telegrams sent and received at Pola about the time fo the Austrian Armistice.", 1918.
25 2 FB-320-01 World War I - US Fleet - Contains photographs of the German High Seas Fleet surrendering, November 21, 1918.
25 3 Naval Attache - London, 1919 - 1921.
26 1 London and Constantinople, 1921 - 1926.
27 1 FB-319-01 USS Memphis, August 30, 1932 - May 31, 1934.
27 2 FB-321-02 Naval Operations, December 21, 1943 - September 2, 1945.
27 3 FB-321-01 Red Cross, June 1943 - March 1946.

CORRESPONDENCE

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Box Folder Oversize
27 4 A - E.
27 5 Alexander-Sinclair, Edward, 1921.
29 4 American Broadcasting Company, et al. - Regarding Alger Hiss' appearance on the Howard Smith program, 1962.
27 6 American Express Company, 1944 - 1945.
27 7 American Red Cross, 1946.
27 8 Eisenhower, Dwight, 1952.
27 9 Eller, E. M, 1968 - 1969.
27 10-11 F - O.
27 12 Keyes, Roger, 1921.
27 13 Leahy, William, 1955.
27 14 M - Q.
29 5 Morley, Felix, 1957 - 1964.
27 15 Niblack, Albert P., 1920 - 1926.
27 16 Nixon, Richard, 1949 - 1958.
29 6 Pence, Harry - Letter to his parents, 1905.
27 17 Pence, Ruth (wife), 1938 - 1943.
27 18 R - Z.
29 7 Schley, Julian, 1957 - 1963.
29 8 Stark, Harold Rainsford ("Betty"), 1941 - 1944.
29 9 Taylor, Brown, 1962.
29 10 Warner, Oliver, 1918 & undated.
29 11 Miscellaneous correspondents, 1918 - 1919, 1942 - 1977.
27 19 Unidentified correspondents.

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

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Box Folder Oversize
27 20-21 Automobile accidents, 1920 - 1921 & 1945.
27 22 AB-021-E Bull Dog Type Destroyer [art work].
27 23 City Bank - Bankbook, 1941 - 1942.
27 24 Colloquy between Brigadier Bruxner Randall and Lieutenant Commander Musmanno, 1944.
27 25 Commerz-und Privat-Bank - Aktiengassellschaft, 1937.
Constantinople [watercolors].
27 26 AB-021-E Eight men running, 1922.
27 27 AB-021-E Sailor riding a horse, 1922.
27 28 Three men playing instruments, 1922.
27 29 Dates of Certain Wars, Campaigns, Expeditions, Events, etc. - Typescript copy of a chronological list of significant military events involving the United States..
27 30 Don't Weaken - Typescript mimeograph of a poem, unascribed.
27 31 Edeu, Anthony - Autograph.
27 32 Exerpts from Actual Letters Received at the Pension and Compensation Board of the Veterns Bureau.
27 33 King, Ernest - Youngster exams notebook, 1898 - 1899.
27 34 Kittredge, Ben - "Thought of the Day".
27 35 Lieutenant Commander Pence, US Navy - Ink on paper caricature.
27 36 Magnetic Explorer "Visual Description" - Includes a blueprint.
27 37 Memorandum concerning the loss of two first-class railroad tickets, 1945.
27 38 Moore, Sammy, memorial service - Remarks by Pence, 1943.
27 39 FB-322-01 Nazi Flag.
28 1 Newspaper clippings - Of interest to Pence.
28 2 Notes - World War II, 1942.
28 3 Pay Per Month - Includes a list of performers on a Savage Club card.
28 4 Pence, Harry. "Sea Power: A Peace Time Asset" - An address to the Excelsior Masonic Lodge, October 26, 1927.
28 5 Pence, Harry. "Soliloquy on Time", 1946.
28 6 Pence, Luella. Diary account entitled "My Trip to See Harry and the East", 1913.
29 13 Poweel, Paulus P. Report of Experiences in Travelling From Shanghai, China to Berlin, Germany via the Trans-Siberian Route. [Report], May 15, 1936.
28 7 Proposed itinerary of the Pence family, 1925.
Qualifying examinations.
28 8 Lieutenant (j.g.), 1911.
28 9 Lieutenant, 1912.
28 10 Commander, 1922.
28 11 Captain, [1931].
28 12 Quotations related to war, strategy, politics, education, etc.
FB-323-08 Recreation League yearbook, 1920.
28 13 FB-323-07 Silhouetten Franzosischer Kriegsschiffe - Ink silhouette.
28 14 Song of Life - Mimeographed typscript of an unascribed poem.
28 15 Travel data - Civilian travel, 1940.
28 16 Unidentified chart - Blueprint charts related to the specific characteristics of numerous American and Japanese vessels, 1934.
28 17 US Naval Commissary store, San Diego, California - Delinquent account notice, 1938.
28 18 AB-021-E USS Kearsarge - Watercolor painting, Return of Atlantic Fleet from trip around the world - 'Great White Fleet', 1909.
28 19 USS Moffett - Facsimile of a painting by Isaac Lloyd.
28 20 AB-021-E USS Pittsburgh - Watercolor painting, 1920.
28 21 What Our Presidents Think of the Navy and Seapower - Quotes.
28 22 Young Men with Naval Interest and My Support - A list of names and addresses.


Finding aid generated: 2013-12-10