Abstract

The California Historic Landmark Project Collection contains historical essays about Californian registered landmarks, monuments and state parks. The essays were written between 1936 and 1940 as part of the W.P.A. Federal Writer's Project. In addition to typescript essays, the collection contains research notes about sites in several California counties, particularly Monterey, and miscellaneous administrative materials. The collection is organized in four series: 1) CALIFORNIA HISTORIC LANDMARK SERIES, 2) STATE PARKS, 3) RESEARCH NOTES, and 4) ADMINISTRATIVE MATERIALS.

Historical Background

Between 1936 and 1940, the California Department of Parks and Recreation in conjunction with the Federal Writers' Project, a component of the federal Works Progress Administration, produced a series of descriptive historical essays and monographs on a variety of the state's important landmarks, monuments and state parks.

The project editors were Clark Wing and Vernon Aubrey Neasham. Project writers included George Walcott Ames Jr., Christian Ecklon, Andrew Eggum, Russell C. Ewing, John Samuel Fox, Chester Lyle Gutherie, Esther Harlan, Oscar Houmann, John Adam Hussey, James C. Kean, Tyrrell Martinez, Don Morton, James Nebergall, Benjamin Rader, Engel Sluiter, George Tays, Kathleen Camilla Wade, H. Howe Wagner, and Lois Ann Woodward.

Through an agreement with the State Printing Office, the monographs were to be published and sold to the public for a nominal price. The historical landmarks selected for treatment included a variety of sites typifying California's "Spanish, Mexican and Early California" past. Many sites were privately owned and had been registered by the California State Chamber of Commerce as places having historical significance worthy of preservation. By 1940, 366 sites had been registered as landmarks.

The California Historic Landmarks Project also gathered information on the state's seventy parks. Like the essays written for the landmarks, the monographs on the parks provided the history of the sites, as well as physical descriptions of the park and auto route directions from major metropolitan areas. In large measure, these essays were intended to be guides for travelers to California's historic and notable sites.

Scope and Content

The California Historic Landmark Project Collection contains typescript historical essays and research notes between 1936 and 1940 on selected California landmarks, monuments and state parks. Also included are guidelines for style, summary reports and other miscellaneous administrative materials. The collection is organized in four series: 1) CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL LANDMARK SERIES, 2) STATE PARKS, 3) RESEARCH NOTES, and 4) ADMINISTRATIVE MATERIALS.

SERIES 1: CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL LANDMARK SERIES

The first series, CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL LANDMARK SERIES, consists of historical essays for approximately 130 of California's registered landmarks that recount events from the Spanish colonial period to the late 1930s. Descriptions of nearby points of interest and precise auto route directions are often included. The essays are arranged according to the number assigned to the landmark. An index to the numbering scheme is filed at the beginning of the series.

SERIES 2: STATE PARKS

The essays in the second series, STATE PARKS, continue the historical model provided by the landmark essays, but they also include sections of geographical description, natural history and geology. For some state parks there is only a short summary. Like the landmark series, the state park essays are organized numerically by park number.

SERIES 3: RESEARCH NOTES

The RESEARCH NOTES series consists of handwritten notes and drafts of essays arranged alphabetically by county. Most of the materials pertain to sites or structures in the city of Monterey and its environs.

SERIES 4: ADMINISTRATIVE MATERIALS

The final series, ADMINISTRATIVE MATERIALS, contains guidelines and instructions for writers, as well as summary information on the extent of the project. Of particular interest is the "Report of Work Completed, in Progress and Planned as of July 1, 1937." The materials are arranged alphabetically.

CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL LANDMARK SERIES

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11 Indexes by editors, Clark Wing and Vernon Aubrey Neasham.
12 Unnumbered - California State Capitol. I - Monterey; II - San Jose; III - Benicia; and IV - Sacramento. By Tyrrell Martinez.
13 Unnumbered - Yerba Bueno Island. By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
14 1 - Old Custom House of Monterey. By George Tays.
15 3 - Mision San Francisco Solano (Sonoma Mission). By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
16 4 - General Vallejo's Home. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
17 7 - Bear Flag Monument. By John Adam Hussey.
18 9 - Captain Jack's Stronghold. By John Samuel Fox.
19 10 - Reading Adobe. By Lois Ann Woodward.
110 12 - Residence of General William B. Ide. By Lois Ann Woodward.
111 17 - Blue Wing Inn - Sonoma County. By Don Morton.
112 19 - Broderick-Terry Dueling Place. By John Samuel Fox.
113 20 - Parent Washington Navel Orange. By Lois Ann Woodward.
114 29 - Volcano and Buildings. By John Samuel Fox.
115 42 - San Bernadino Asistencia. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
116 45 - Site of the College of California. By Lois Ann Woodward.
117 46 - Niles [or Vallejo] Flour Mill. By Don Morton.
118 49 - The Adobe Chapel of the Immaculate Conception. By George Tays.
119 50 - Site of San Diego Whaling Station - San Diego County. By James Nebergall. Includes holograph notes on fishing in the Monterey area.
120 52 - Mission Dam and Flume - San Diego County. By James Nebergall.
121 53 - Casa de Estudillo. By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
122 54 - Fort Stockton. By George Tays.
123 56 - Tip of Ballast Point. By Victor R. Jewett.
124 57 - La Punta de los Muertos - San Diego County. By James Nebergall.
125 59 - San Diego Presidio Site. By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
126 62 - Fort Rosecrans. By George Tays.
127 63 - Plaza in Old San Diego. By George Tays.
128 67 - Serra Palm - San Diego County. By Don Morton.
129 69 - Site of Fort Guijarros. By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
130 76 - Fort Defiance (Roop's Cabin). By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
131 77 - Old Town of Shasta. By Lois Ann Woodward.
132 79 - The Founding of the Presidio of San Francisco. By Russell C. Ewing.
133 80 - The Montgomery Block. By George Tays.
134 81 - Landing Place of Captain Montgomery. By George Tays.
21 82 - Castillo de San Joaquin. By George Tays.
22 83 - San Francisco Shoreline Prior to 1849. By George Tays.
23 84 - Rincon Hill. By George Tays.
24 85 - California Star Newspaper Office. By George Tays.
25 86 - The California Theater. By George Tays.
26 87 - Site of the First United States Branch Mint in California. By George Tays.
27 88 - The Niantic Hotel. By George Tays.
28 89 - The Parrott Granite Block. By George Tays.
29 90 - Fort Gunnybags. By George Tays.
210 91 - Telegraph Hill. By George Tays.
211 101 - Giant Desert Figures Near Blythe. By Oscar Houmann.
212 102 - Site of Louis Robidoux House. By Lois Ann Woodward.
213 105 - The Royal Presidio Chapel of San Carlos Borromeo. By George Tays.
214 106 - The Larkin House. By George Tays.
215 107 - Joaquin Miller Home. By Esther Harlan.
216 119 - Portsmouth Plaza. By George Tays.
217 123 - Town of Columbia. By John Samuel Fox. Includes "A Report on the Columbia Historical Research Project #3422 H.E. Rensch, Supervisor, February 20, 1937" and "Biography and Vital Statistics."
218 124 - Tuttletown. By James C. Kean.
219 126 - Colton Hall. By George Tays.
220 127 - Hacienda of Governor Pio Pico. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
221 128 - Landing Place of Sebastian Vizcaino and Fray Junipero Serra. By George Tays.
222 129 - Fort Tejon. By George Walcott Ames, Jr. Includes 4 postcards, 1 photograph and 2 survey maps.
223 134 - Donner Monument or Pioneer Monument. By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
224 135 - Mision San Carlos de Borromeo de Monterey. By George Tays.
225 136 - First Theater in California. By George Tays.
226 138 - Mark Twain Cabin. By Lois Ann Woodward.
227 139 - St. James' Episcopal Church. By James C. Kean.
228 142 - Studebaker's Shop - El Dorado County. By H. Howe Wagner.
229 143 - James Wilson Marshall Monument. By George Tays.
230 144 - Nuestra Senora la Reina de los Angeles. By Lois Ann Woodward.
31 145 - Avila Adobe. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
32 146 - Trinidad Head. By Engel Sluiter.
33 147 - Banning Park. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
34 150 - Brand Park or Memory Garden. By Lois Ann Woodward.
35 151 - Campo de Cahuenga. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
36 152 - Dominguez Ranch House. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
37 153 - The Old State House. By John Adam Hussey.
38 154 - Fort Humboldt. By Engel Sluiter.
39 156 - Los Angeles Plaza. By Lois Ann Woodward.
310 157 - Mision San Fernando Rey de Espana. By Chester Lyle Guthrie. Includes letter to Guy L. Fleming from Marie Stewart.
311 158 - Mision San Gabriel Arcangel. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
312 159 - The Pico House. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
313 160 - Plummer Park. By Lois Ann Woodward.
314 161 - Site of Mision Vieja. By Chester Lyle Guthrie.
315 165 - Weber Point and Site of Charles M. Weber House. By Lois Ann Woodward.
316 167 - La Mesa Battlefield. By Lois Ann Woodward.
317 168 - Oak of the Golden Dream. By Lois Ann Woodward.
318 169 - Drum Barracks. By Lois Ann Woodward.
319 170 - Hancock Park - La Brea. By Lois Ann Woodward.
320 171 - Merced Theater. By Lois Ann Woodward.
321 172 - Pioneer Oil Refinery. By Lois Ann Woodward.
322 176 - Benicia Arsenal. By John Adam Hussey.
323 184 - Peter Lassen Marker - Plumas County. By Andrew Eggum.
324 189 - Dana's Point. By John Samuel Fox.
325 192 - El Dorado, Parker House and Dennison Exchange. By George Tays.
326 195 - Mision San Juan Bautista and Plaza. By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
327 200 - San Juan Capistrano. By John Samuel Fox.
328 205 - Modjeska's Home. By John Samuel Fox.
329 207 - First Sawmill in Marin County. By H. Howe Wagner.
330 208 - San Francis Ranch - Inyo County. By Andrew Eggum.
331 216 - Town of Trinidad. By Engel Sluiter.
332 220 - Mision San Rafael Arcangel. By John Adam Hussey.
333 221 - Site of the Lighter Wharf at Bolinas. By John Adam Hussey.
334 222 - Lime Kilns - Marin County. By H. Howe Wagner. Includes photograph.
335 230 - First Permanent White Habitation in Owens Valley - Inyo County. By Andrew Eggum.
336 232 - Mision San Antonio de Padua. By George Tays.
337 233 - Mision Nuestra Senora de la Soledad. By George Tays.
338 234 - Luther Burbank Home and Garden - Sonoma County. By Tyrrell Martinez.
339 235 - Casa Adobe de San Rafael - Los Angeles County. By Christian Ecklon.
41 236 - Anchorage of the San Carlos. By Engel Sluiter.
42 237 - Temelec Hall - Sonoma County. By Andrew Eggum.
43 239 - Mision San Luis Rey de Francia. By George Tays.
44 241 - Livermore Memorial Monument. By John Samuel Fox.
45 242 - Mision San Diego de Alcala. By George Tays.
46 243 - Asistencia San Antonio de Pala, Mission Substation - San Diego County. By Don Morton.
47 244 - Derby Dike - San Diego County. By James Nebergall.
48 246 - Rancho San Antonio. By Lois Ann Woodward.
49 250 - Sites of Mission Santa Clara de Asis - Santa Clara County. By Christian Ecklon.
410 252 - San Andreas - Calaveras County. By Tyrrell Martinez.
411 259 - Vasquez Tree and Site of 21-Mile House - Santa Clara County. By Benjamin Rader.
412 267 - Mitchler Hotel - Calaveras County. By Andrew Eggum.
413 269 - Mokelumne Hill - Calaveras County. By H. Howe Wagner.
414 272 - Douglas Flat - Calaveras County. By H. Howe Wagner.
415 274 - Carson Hill - Calaveras County. By H. Howe Wagner.
416 275 - Murphys - Calaveras County. By Andrew Eggum.
417 279 - The Estudillo Home. By Don Morton.
418 285 - Peralta Home (New Alta Mira Club). By Andrew Eggum.
419 287 - Angels Camp - Calaveras County. By Andrew Eggum.
420 289 - First Home of Pomona College - Los Angeles County. By H. Howe Wagner.
421 293 - Lotta Crabtree. By Andrew Eggum. Part 1: Her Home in Grass Valley - Nevada County, Part 2: A Chronology of Her Theatrical Career.
422 298 - The Empire Mine - Nevada County. By H. Howe Wagner.
423 304 - Vallecito Stage Station - San Diego County. By Tyrrell Martinez.
424 305 - Mission Santa Inez - Santa Barbara County. By Tyrrell Martinez.
425 307 - Casa de la Guerra - Santa Barbara County. By Andrew Eggum.
426 308 - Covarrubias Adobe - Santa Barbara County. By Andrew Eggum.
427 319 - Marshall's Blacksmith Shop - El Dorado County. By Tyrrell Martinez.
428 327 - Mision San Francisco de Asis (Mision Dolores). By George Tays.
429 334 - Mission San Jose. By Clark Wing.
430 340 - Mision La Purisima Concepcion. By George Walcott Ames, Jr.
431 352 - Robert Louis Stevenson House - Monterey County. By Christian Ecklon.
432 356 - Castro Home - Contra Costa County. By Benjamin Rader.
433 361 - Old Lobero Theater - Santa Barbara County. By Andrew Eggum.

STATE PARKS

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51 2 - Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park. By George Tays.
52 3,8,9,10,11,12,13,14 - The Redwood State Parks of Humboldt County. By Kathleen Wade.
53 8 - Supplement - Redwood Highway Flora.
54 19 - Kruze Rhododendron Reserve State Park. By George Tays.
55 20 - Armstrong Redwood State Park. By George Tays.
56 22 - Sonoma Coast Park. By George Tays.
57 24 - General Vallejo's Home. By John Samuel Fox.
58 25 - Monument of Chief Solano. By Lois Ann Woodward.
59 26 - Mount Tamalpais State Park - Marin County. By H. Howe Wagner.
510 27 - El Monte del Diablo. By John Samuel Fox.
511 30 - Old Town of Shasta. By Lois Ann Woodward.
512 31 - McArthur Memorial State Park - Shasta County. By Don Morton.
513 34 - Donner Monument. By John Samuel Fox.
514 38 - Big Basin Redwoods State Park. By Don Morton.
515 39 - Swanton Natural Bridges Beach State Park. By Don Morton.
516 40 - New Brighton Beach State Park. By Don Morton.
517 43 - Mision San Juan Bautista and Plaza. By John Samuel Fox.
518 44 - Fremont (Gavilan) Peak State Park. By George Tays.
519 45 - Old Custom House at Monterey. By George Tays.
520 46 - First Theater in California. By John Samuel Fox.
521 48 - The Historical Background of Point Lobos Reserve. By Vernon Aubrey Neasham.
522 49 - Pfeiffer Redwoods State Park. By Kathleen Wade.
523 50 - San Simeon Beach State Park. By Don Morton.
524 51 - Morro Strand State Park. By Vernon Aubrey Neasham.
525 52 - Morro Bay State Park. By George Tays.
526 53 - Pismo Beach State Park. By George Tays.
527 55 - Mision La Purisima Concepcion. By John Samuel Fox.
528 56 - Carpinteria Beach State Park. By Don Morton.
529 57 - Santa Monica Beach State Park. By Lois Ann Woodward.
530 61 - Doheny Beach - Orange County. By James E. Nebergall.
531 63 - Mount San Jacinto State Park. By Lois Ann Woodward.
532 64 - Carlsbad Beach State Park. By Vernon Aubrey Neasham.
533 65 - Mission Bay State Park. By Lois Ann Woodward.
534 66 - Silver Strand Beach State Park. By Lois Ann Woodward.
535 67 - Battlefield of San Pasqual. By John Samuel Fox.
61 68 - Palomar Mountain State Park. By George Tays.
62 68 - Palomar Mountain State Park. Photographs.
63 69 - Cuyamaca Rancho State Park. By Kathleen Camilla Wade.
64 70 - Anza Desert State Park. By Kathleen Camilla Wade.
65 71 - Calaveras Big Trees. By George Tays.

RESEARCH NOTES

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Calaveras County

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66 Calaveras Caves.

Monterey County

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67 Abrego House.
68 Adobe Buildings.
69 Alvarado House.
610 Bonifacio House.
611 Boronda Adobe.
612 Botany of Monterey City.
613 Bull and Bear Pit.
614 Cabrillo.
615 Carmel.
616 Castro House.
617 Clippings.
618 Cooper House.
619 Custom House.
620 Cypress.
621 Del Monte.
622 San Carlos Borromeo.
623 Estrada House.
624 Field Residence - Built by Esteban Munras.
625 First Brick House.
626 First Convent.
627 First Newspaper.
628 First School.
629 First Theatre.
630 Gomez Adobe.
631 Historic Houses.
632 Indians.
633 Jail.
634 Jimeno Casa.
635 Larkin House.
636 Library.
637 Monterey Missions.
638 Monterey - General notes.
71 Moss Landing.
72 Munras House.
73 Museums.
74 Notes Mentioning Monterey.
75 Pacheco Adobe.
76 Pacific Grove.
77 Pacific House.
78 Photos - House of 4 Winds.
79 Pictures - Monterey - Where to be Found.
710 Point Pinos.
711 Point Sur.
712 Port of Monterey.
713 Presidio.
714 Prominent Men.
715 Protestant Church.
716 Railroad.
717 Romance.
718 Seventeen Mile Drive.
719 Sherman House.
720 Simonneau's.
721 Sloat Monument.
722 Soberanes House.
723 Stevenson's House.
724 Stockton Commodore.
725 Viscaino - Serra Landing Place.
726 Vasquez House.
727 Verde Casa.
728 Washington Hotel.
729 Whaling.
730 Wharf.
731 Women in Monterey.

San Benito County

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732 Castro House.
733 Mission San Juan Bautista.
734 San Juan Bautista (town).

Santa Cruz County

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735 Big Basin and Santa Cruz Arch.

Miscellaneous

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81 List and summary of articles on sequoias to be found in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE. January 1899 to February 1938.
82 Maps of the Pacific Coast near Mendocino.
83 Misiones de Californias, 1797-1805. Translation of the PROVINCIAS INTERNAS, Tomo 216, no.1. Archivo General de Mexico.
84 Muir, John.
85 State Library notes.

ADMINISTRATIVE MATERIALS

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86 California State Parks and WPA: 20 Questions Answered.
87 Directions to Writers of Monographs on Migratory Farm Labor from Editorial Board. April 28, 1937.
88 Field Trip to State Parks in Southern California - Clark Wing, 1940.
89 Instructions for Reporting Equipment on all Operating Projects and in all Warehouses.
810 Outline of Information to be Included on Place Name and Landmark Sheet.
811 Plan for a Statewide Survey of Historic Sites and Landmarks in California.
812 Report of Work Completed, in Progress and Planned as of July 1, 1937.
813 Starters (for annotations).
814 State Parks of California: A History. Outline and bibliography.
815 Survey of Historic Sites and Landmarks in Alameda County: A Plan for Continuation. Typescript and notes.
816 Wing, Clark, 1940 - 1941. Correspondence.



Finding aid generated: 2005-10-28