Abstract

Papers of Ann Chowning, American anthropologist, related to her fieldwork in Papua New Guinea among the Molima people of Milne Bay Province on Fergusson Island in 1957-1958 and 1975-1976, the Sengseng people of West New Britain Province in 1962-1966 and 1980-1981, and the Kove people of West New Britain Province in 1966-1968 and 1975-1976. Included are typescripts of field notes organized according to George Murdock's Human Relations Area Files arrangement, language notes largely comprising Sengseng vocabulary lists, essays by Chowning, and 35mm color slides documenting daily life, customs, song performances, and dance of people in West New Britain Province. The slides are complimentary to those found in Jane Goodale Papers (MSS 643) and cover those times when Chowning conducted joint fieldwork with her friend and co-fieldworker Jane Goodale in 1963-1964.

Biography

Ann Chowning, American anthropologist, received her B.A. from Bryn Mawr College and her M.A. and Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania. Her doctoral thesis was based on her 1954-1956 fieldwork with the Lakalai people of West New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. She retired as professor of anthropology at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Earlier she taught at Bryn Mawr and Barnard Colleges in Pennsylvania and at the University of Papua New Guinea, and was a senior research fellow at the Australian National University. She carried out long-term fieldwork in four distinct Papua New Guinea societies from 1954 through 1992. Studied groups included the Lakalai of West New Britain Province, the Molima of Milne Bay Province on Fergusson Island, the Sengseng of West New Britain Province, and the Kove of West New Britain Province. She studied economic and religious organization, beliefs, practices and relations. Chowning especially focused on Austronesian languages and their comparative aspects, on folklore and religion, and on patterns of insanity.

Scope and Content of the Collection

The Ann Chowning papers relate to some of Chowning's work in Papua New Guinea. The files included with this accession mainly pertain to her fieldwork among the Molima (Milne Bay Province, Fergusson Island, 1957-1958 and 1975-1976), the Sengseng (West New Britain, 1962-1966, and 1980-1981), and the Kove (West New Britain, 1966-1968 and 1975-1976) peoples. Materials contain Murdock's human relations area files, language notes, essays, and slides. The writings by Chowning are based on her long-term fieldwork conducted in West New Britain Province from 1954 through 1992. A significant part of this collection is slide materials from nearly 240 rolls taken while in West New Britain in 1963-1964. The slides cover those occasions when Chowning was doing joint fieldwork with Jane Goodale, her friend and co-fieldworker, who was working at that time among the Kaulong people in Umbi of West New Britain.

The collection is arranged in four series: 1) HUMAN RELATIONS AREA FILES, 2) LANGUAGE NOTES, 3) WRITINGS BY CHOWNING, and 4) SLIDES.

SERIES 1: HUMAN RELATIONS AREA FILES

The HUMAN RELATIONS AREA FILES series contains typescript notes and photocopies of typescript notes extracted from field notes and compiled by Chowning according to subject categories described in George Murdock's classification system for cultural anthropology. Chowning brought together all pages dealing with a particular aspect of culture and compiled them preserving the chronological order in which they appear in her field notes. Compiled notes are extracted from field notes written while Chowning was among the Molima people of Milne Bay Province in 1957-1958 and 1975-1976, the Sengseng people in West New Britain Province in 1962-1966 and 1980-1981, and the Kove people of West New Britain in 1966-1968 and 1975-1976. The files are arranged in three subseries: A) Molima Materials, B) Sengseng Materials, and C) Kove Materials. Each subseries is arranged in numerical order according to numbers assigned to subject categories used in Murdock's classification system.

SERIES 2: LANGUAGE NOTES

The LANGUAGE NOTES series documents Chowning's study of Sengseng language in the field and contains handwritten and typewritten notes with vocabulary lists extracted from notebooks. The series is arranged in alphabetical order.

SERIES 3: WRITINGS BY CHOWNING

The WRITINGS BY CHOWNING contains published and unpublished writings arranged in two subseries: A) General Writings and B) Grant Reports. The General Writings subseries contains typescripts and reprints of articles on various aspects of Melanesian culture, as well as typescripts of papers given at various conferences and meetings. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by title. The Grant Reports subseries consists of progress reports written to various granting agencies, including the National Science Foundation, and is arranged chronologically.

SERIES 4: SLIDES

The SLIDES series contains 35mm color slides and documents the joint fieldwork of Chowning and her co-fieldworker Jane Goodale in 1963-1964 while in New Britain. The slides were largely made when Chowning visited her friend in Umbi or on occasions when they traveled together from their field sites to nearby communities for the observation of rituals and celebrations. The slides are complementary to those found in Jane Goodale Papers (MSS 643) and document daily life, costumes, rituals, song performances, and dance. The series is arranged numerically using roll numbers assigned by Chowning.

HUMAN RELATIONS AREA FILES

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Molima Materials

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Box Folder Oversize
Molima. Fergusson Island. Milne Bay Province.
1 1 Subjects 103 through 512 (Photocopies), 1957 - 1958.
1 2 Subjects 522 through 597 (Photocopies), 1957 - 1958.
1 3 Subjects 600 through 750 (Photocopies), 1957 - 1975.
1 4 Subjects 760 through 789 (Photocopies), 1957 - 1975.
1 5 Subjects 792 through 886 (Photocopies), 1957 - 1958.

Sengseng Materials

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Box Folder Oversize
1 6 Place Names (103) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1968.
1 7 Acculturation (177) - Contains typescript, 1963 - 1966.
1 8 Language (19) - Contains photocopy, 1980 - 1981.
1 9 Food Quest (22) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1964.
1 10 Domesticated Animals (231) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1964.
1 11 Tillage (241) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1964.
1 12 Adornment (30) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1966.
1 13 Property (42) - Contains typescript, 1958 - 1966.
2 1 Literary Texts (539) - Contains typescript, 1964 - 1968.
2 2 Ingroup Antagonisms (578) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1966.
2 3 Marriage (58) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1981.
2 4 Residence (591) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1966.
2 5 Kinship (60) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1966.
2 6 Headmen (622) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1966.
2 7 War (72) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1966.
2 8 Sickness (75) - Contains typescript, 1957 - 1966.
2 9 Sorcery (754) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1981.
2 10 Death (76) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1981.
2 11 Religious Beliefs (77) - Contains typescript, 1963 - 1966.
2 12 Mythology (773) - Contains typescript, 1963.
2 13 Spirits and Gods (776) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1981.
2 14 Religious Practices (78) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1966.
2 15 Avoidance and Taboo (784) - Contains typescript, 1980 - 1981.
2 16 Time (805) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1963.
2 17 Ethnozoology (825) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1963.
2 18 Sex (83) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1981.
2 19 Childbirth (844) - Contains typescript, 1963 - 1964.
2 20 Infancy and Childhood (85) - Contains typescript, 1962 - 1965.

Kove Materials

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Box Folder Oversize
Kove. West New Britain.
2 21 Subjects 103 through 591 (Photocopies), 1966 - 1976.
2 22 Subjects 600 through 760 (Photocopies), 1966 - 1976.
2 23 Subjects 772 through 844 (Photocopies), 1966 - 1976.

LANGUAGE NOTES

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Box Folder Oversize
3 1 Miu - Language Notes, collected by Jane Goodale - Contains typescript.
Sengseng - Language Notes.
3 2 Contains photocopy and handwritten notes.
3 3 Contains typescript.
3 4 Some Examples of Proto-Malayo-Polynesian Reflexes in Sengseng - Contains typescript.

WRITINGS BY CHOWNING

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General Writings

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3 5 List of publications relating to Chowning's work in Melanesia - Contains typescript.
3 6 Acculturation and the Role of Spirits in the Passismanua. American Anthropological Association meeting paper, 1964.
3 7 Adolescence in Four Papua New Guinea Societies, 1994.
3 8 Antagonistic Siblings and Wandering Creators, undated.
3 9 Austranesian Languages of New Britain - Contains typescript, 1969.
3 10 Changes in Staple Crops in West New Britain, undated.
3 11 Changes in West New Britain Trading Systems in the 20th Century. Published in Mankind, Vol. 11, No. 3. Contains typescript, 1978.
3 12 Choice of Kin Roles in Lakalai, 1966.
3 13 The Contaminating Woman. Written with Jane C. Goodale, undated.
3 14 Culture and Biology Among the Sengseng of New Britain - Contains typescript, undated.
3 15 The Elections in Kombe, West Britain, undated.
3 16 Family Fertility Among the Kove. Published in Reproductive Decision Making and the Value of Children. Contains typescript, 1988.
3 17 Honoring the Firstborn: Changes in the Nature and Focus of Ceremonies in Two West Britain Societies, 1987.
3 18 Introduction to the Peoples and Cultures of Melanesia. Published in Addison-Wesley Module in Anthropology, No. 38. Contains a copy of the publication, 1973.
3 19 Journey of the Soul: Dreams, Divination, and Dying. Conference paper, undated.
3 20 'A Kept Woman of the Administration': A Personal View of Relations Between One Ethnographer and Administration Personnel, 1954-1975. Assocation for Social Anthropology in Oceania meeting paper, undated.
3 21 Kove Political Organization, conference paper, 1970.
3 22 Lakalai Kinship. Published in Anthropological Forum, Vol. 1, No. 3-4. Contains reprint, 1965 - 1966.
3 23 Lakalai Religion and World View and the Concept of "Seaboard Religion." Australian National University seminar, ca. 1970.
3 24 Leadership in Melanesia. Published in The Journal of Pacific History, Vol. 14, Part 1 and 2. Contains reprint, 1979.
3 25 Living with the Dead, undated.
3 26 The Massim as a Culture Area. First International Kula Conference paper, ca. 1978.
3 27 Maturing as a Lakalai Woman, 1954-1992. Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania meeting paper, 1994.
3 28 The Molima of Fergusson Island, 1958.
3 29 Pleasures, Pains, and Surprises of Returns to the Field. Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania meeting paper, undated.
3 30 Rapid Lexical Change and Aberrant Melanesian Languages: Sengseng and Its Neighbours. Published in Pacific Linguistics, C-88. Contains typescript, 1985.
3 31 Real Melanesia: An Appraisal of Parsonson's Theories. December. Published in Mankind, Vol. 6, No. 12. Contains reprint, 1968.
3 32 Recent Grandparenting in Three PNG Societies. Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania meeting paper, undated.
4 1 The Sengseng of New Britain, undated.
4 2 Tradition and Change in One Woman's Life: Biato of Lakalai. American Anthropological Association meeting paper, undated.
4 3 Witchcraft Among the Molima of Fergusson Island. Philadelphia Anthropological Society meeting, ca. 1959.

Grant Reports

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Box Folder Oversize
4 4 National Science Foundation progress report, 1958.
4 5 National Science Foundation - The Ethnography of New Britain. Two reports, written with Jane C. Goodale, 1964, 1965.
4 6 Report on research in Sengseng, West Britain, Papua New Guinea, November 1980-February 1981, ca. 1981.
4 7 Victoria University of Wellington research grant, ca. 1987.
Box Folder Oversize
4 8 Roll YB-1, September 1963.
4 9 Roll Y-YA-YB-2, September 1963.
4 10 Roll Y-YA-YB-3, September 1963.
4 11 Roll Y-YA-YB-4, July-September 1963.
4 12 Roll Y-YA-YB-5, July-September 1963.
4 13 Roll YA-YB-8, September 1963.
4 14 Roll YB-9, September 1963.
4 15 Roll Y-12, September 1963.
4 16 Roll Y-13, September 1963.
4 17 Roll Y-15-16, September 1963.
4 18 Roll Y-17, September 1963.
4 19 Roll Y-18, September 1963.
4 20 Roll Y-19, September 1963.
4 21 Roll Y-YA-20, September 1963.
4 22 Roll Y-21, September 1963.
4 23 Roll Y-22, October 1963.
4 24 Roll Y-23, November 1963.
4 25 Roll Y-24, October-November 1963.
4 26 Roll Y-25, November 1963.
4 27 Roll Y-26, October 1963.
4 28 Roll Y-27, November 1963.
4 29 Roll Y-28, November 1963.
4 30 Roll Y-29, October 1963.
4 31 Roll Y-30, November 1963.
4 32 Roll Y31 - Y35, October-November 1963.
4 33 Roll Y36 - Y40, October-December 1963.
4 34 Roll Y41 - Y45, December 1963.
4 35 Roll Y46 - Y47, December 1963.
4 36 Roll Y50 - Y56, December 1963.
4 37 Roll Y57 - Y60, December 1963.
4 38 Roll Y61 - Y65, December-January 1963 - 1964.
4 39 Roll Y66 - Y69, January 1964.
4 40 Roll 72 - 75, January-February 1964.
5 1 Roll 77 - 80, February 1964.
5 2 Roll 81 - 85, February-March 1964.
5 3 Roll 78 - 89, February-April 1964.
5 4 Roll 90 - 98, March 1964.
5 5 Roll 99 - 104, March-April 1964.
5 6 Roll 105 - 110, March-April 1964.
5 7 Roll 111 - 115, April 1964.
5 8 Roll 116 - 120, April 1964.
5 9 Roll 121 - 126, April 1964.
5 10 Roll 127 - 130, June 1964.
5 11 Roll 131 - 136, June 1964.
5 12 Roll 137 - 141, June 1964.
5 13 Roll 142 - 146, June 1964.
5 14 Roll 147 - 150, June 1964.
5 15 Roll 151 - 154, June 1964.
5 16 Roll 155 - 157, July 1964.
5 17 Roll 158 - 161, July 1964.
5 18 Roll 162 - 165, July 1964.
5 19 Roll 166 - 169, July 1964.
5 20 Roll 170 - 174, July 1964.
5 21 Roll 176 - 180, July 1964.
6 1 Roll 181 - 184, July 1964.
6 2 Roll 185 - 186, July 1964.
6 3 Roll 187 - 190, July 1964.
6 4 Roll 191 - 195, July 1964.
6 5 Roll 196 - 199, July 1964.
6 6 Roll 200 - 203, July 1964.
6 7 Roll 204 - 207, July 1964.
6 8 Roll 208 - 210, July-August 1964.
6 9 Roll 211 - 215, August 1964.
6 10 Roll 216 - 221, August 1964.
6 11 Roll 222 - 225, August 1964.
6 12 Roll 226 - 230, August 1964.
6 13 Roll 231 - 235, August 1964.
6 14 Roll 237 - 240, August 1964.


Finding aid generated: 2011-07-21