Abstract

Papers of Margarita Melville, a former Maryknoll sister and human rights activist, that document revolutionary movements in Guatemala from the 1960s through 1993. Revolutionary groups represented in the collection include Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes (FAR), Guatemala Human Rights Commission and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (URNG). The collection mainly consists of flyers and distributions published by the revolutionary groups.

Biography

Margarita Melville, a former Maryknoll sister known as Marian Peter, was born in 1929. From the summer of 1954 until 1967, she was in Jacaltenango, a remote community in Huehuetenango in Guatemala's western highlands. The work performed there by Melville and other sisters led to augmentation of programs that brought the children of the elite to work among the poor in the highlands. Melville started a number of the Maryknoll Sisters' key social programs including girl scout troops and an experimental school called Monte Maria.

Beginning in 1966, she began to associate with members of rebel groups in Guatemala, including FAR (Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes), the military wing of the Guatemalan Labor (Communist) Party or PGT. Her work with these groups continued until 1967, when the Maryknoll Sisters supervisor expelled Melville and a few others from Guatemala for their activism.

She married Father Thomas Melville (after both had left the religious order), a Maryknoll Brother who was expelled and wrote THROUGH A GLASS DARKLY, THE U.S. HOLOCAUST IN CENTRAL AMERICA. They became a part of a group of expelled clergy still working to help the poor of Guatemala. This group planned to participate in other Guatemalan guerilla movements, but threats forced them back to the United States. They settled in Washington, D.C., and continued to foster awareness about Guatemala. Melville is the author of TWICE A MINORITY: MEXICAN AMERICAN WOMEN, and has become a teacher on Latin American issues.

Scope and Content

The papers of Margarita Melville, a former Maryknoll Sister named Marian Peter, are related to revolutionary movements in Guatemala from the late 1960s thru the 1990s. Materials include flyers, newsletters, manuscripts, propaganda materials, and subject files.

The papers are arranged in six series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) ORGANIZATIONS, 3) NEWSLETTERS AND BULLETINS, 4) SUBJECT FILES, 5) WRITINGS OF OTHERS and 6) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.

SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE

This series is mostly miscellaneous personal correspondence from 1985 to 1986.

SERIES 2: ORGANIZATIONS

The ORGANIZATIONS series contains manifestos, founding documents, and other materials (1967-1993) on revolutionary groups in Guatemala, including the Centro de Derechos Humanos de Guatemala (CDHG), the Ejercito Guerrillero de los Pobres (EGP), the Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes (FAR), the Guatemala Human Rights Commission (CHRCC), the Guatemala News and Information Bureau (GNIB) and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (URNG).

SERIES 3: NEWSLETTERS AND BULLETINS

The NEWSLETTERS AND BULLETINS series contains the ENFOPRESA newsletter for years 1984 to 1987 and NOTICIAS DE GUATEMALA from 1986 to 1990.

SERIES 4: SUBJECT FILES

The SUBJECT series includes information on the Central America Peace Plan in 1988, files on the Catholic Church in Central America, information collected on the Indians of Guatemala, human rights issues, and the testimonies of refugees from Guatemala.

SERIES 5: WRITINGS OF OTHERS

The WRITINGS OF OTHERS series contains the Melville's collection of writings on the situation in Guatemala from the 1960s to the 1980s. The writings include articles on the indigenous people of Guatemala, the background of the conflict between the government and the rebel groups, land issues, and racism.

SERIES 6: ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES

The ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES series contains the originals of brittle or high acid content documents that have been photocopied.

CORRESPONDENCE

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1 1 Carmen to Melvilles, 1985 - 1986.
1 2 Cruz, Willy and Gustavo, 1972.
1 3 Eugenia, Caly, 1986.
1 4 Miscellaneous Correspondence.
1 5 Vasquez, Miguel and Marina, 1986.

ORGANIZATIONS

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1 6 Agencia Centroamericana de Noticias ACEN-SIAG, June, 1986.
1 7 Amnesty International, 1984.
1 8 Amnesty International. "Guatemala: Extrajudicial Executions and Human Rights Violations Against Street Children", July, 1990.
1 9 Association in Solidarity with Guatemala (ASOGUA), "The Voice of the Quetzal", 1980 - 1981.
1 10 Central America Research Institute (CARIN), Central America Bulletin, June, 1986.
1 11 Centro Exterior de Reportes Informativos sobre Guatemala (CERI-GUA), 1987 - 1988.
1 12 CERI-GUA, 1988.
1 13 CERI-GUA, 1989 - 1990.
1 14 Comisión de Derechos Humanos de Guatemala (CDHG), 1982 - 1986.
1 15 CDHG, Testimonials about the Patrullas de Autodefensa Civil (PAC) en Huehuetenango, November, 1985.
1 16 Comité Indio, 1984.
1 17 Comité Interamericano de Desarrollo Agricola (CIDA) - Tenencia de la Tierra - Guatemala, 1967.
1 18 El Comité Nacional de Unidad Sindical en el Exterior (CNUS-EX), 1985.
1 19 Convergencia Revolucionaria, 1987 - 1988.
1 20 Ejercito Guerrillero de los Pobres (EGP).
1 21 EGP, Estrategia y Tácticas, 1975.
1 22 EGP, Lecturas y Testimonios - El Camino de Paxil, Sebastian Guzman: Principal de Principales, 1982.
1 23 EGP - Los Pueblos Indígenas y la Revolución Guatemalteca, 1982.
1 24 EGP, Manifesto, 1979.
2 1 EGP - Various.
2 2 Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes (FAR), 1967 - 1969.
2 3 FAR, 1982 - 1989.
2 4 FAR - Contribución al Analisis de la Situación Actual.
2 5 FAR - Cuestión étnico-Nacional, 1987.
2 6 FAR - Guatemala en Lucha, 1982.
2 7 FAR Statement, 1984.
2 8 FAR Statement - Pablo Monsanto, February, 1986.
2 9 Grupo Crater, Directorio.
2 10 Guatemala Human Rights Commission (GHRC), 1986 - 1988.
2 11 GHRC, 1989 - 1990.
2 12 Guatemala News and Information Bureau (GNIB), 1986.
2 13 GNIB, 1987.
2 14 GNIB, 1988.
2 15 GNIB, 1989.
3 1 GNIB Contacts.
3 2 GNIB Grants.
3 3 GNIB Land Reform articles, 1986 - 1987.
3 4 GNIB Newsletters, 1976 - 1992.
3 5 GNIB, "Report on Guatemala", Vol. 14, Issue 1, 1993.
3 6 Guatemala Scholars Network, 1984 - 1985.
3 7 La Iglesia Guatemalteca en el Exilio - Iglesia de Guatemala: "Apprendiendo de la Historia", January, 1987.
3 8 La Iglesia Guatemalteca en el Exilo, Publications, 1984 - 1989.
3 9 Informador de Guatemala, October - December, 1982.
3 10 Integración de Indigenas Mayas (IXIM), 1988.
3 11 IXIM, Movimiento Revolucionario del Pueblo, 1983.
3 12 Justicia y Paz - Inter-Religious Task Force, Central America.
3 13 El Movimiento Campesino Indigena.
3 14 Movimiento Cooperativista Guatemalteco (MCG), Testimonio, 1984.
3 15 Movimiento Indio de Guatemala, "Ch'olnoj Maya", 1984.
4 1 Network in Solidarity with the People of Guatemala (NSIGUA), 1981 - 1987.
4 2 Octubre Revolucionario.
4 3 Octubre Revolucionario, Opinion Politica, 1985 - 1990.
4 4 Guatemala - Organización del Pueblo en Armas (ORPA).
4 5 Panorama Nacional, 1986.
4 6 Partido Guatemalteco del Trabajo (PGT), 1987 - 1988.
4 7 Programa de Ayuda Para los Vecinos del Altiplano (PAVA) - Displaced Report, 1984.
4 8 Reivindicaciones Indígenas Revolucionarias.
4 9 Servicio de Información de Análisis de Guatemala (SIAG), El golpe de Mejia Victores, 1983.
4 10 Taller Artesanal JA C'amabal I'B, 1986.
4 11 TEMAS, 1982 - 1987.
4 12 Turcios/MR13, 1965.
4 13 Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (URNG), Boletín Internacional, 1986 - 1987.
4 14 URNG - Various informational materials.

NEWSLETTERS AND BULLETINS

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5 1 The Defense Monitor, 1984 - 1993.
5 2 Enfoprensa, February - June, 1984.
5 3 Enfoprensa, July - December, 1984.
5 4 Enfoprensa, 1985.
5 5 Enfoprensa, 1986.
5 6 Enfoprensa, 1987.
5 7 Focus: Newsletter of the Office of the Americas, July, 1997.
5 8 Infopress: Centroamericana, April, 1988.
5 9 News and Analysis, Council on Hemispheric Affairs, 1986.
5 10 Noticias de Guatemala, 1986 - 1987.
5 11 Noticias de Guatemala, 1988.
5 12 Noticias de Guatemala, 1989.
5 13 Noticias de Guatemala, 1990.
6 1 Noticias de Guatemala.
6 2 U.S. Newsletters.

SUBJECT FILES

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6 3 Alvarez-Marroquin, Maria Concepción - Request for Asylum in the U.S..
6 4 Anthropology Resource Center (ARC) - Sandy Davis.
6 5 Captura de E. Toj, 1981.
6 6 Central America Peace Plan, 1988.
6 7 Central America Resource Center.
6 8 Church History in Costa Sur, Guatemala.
6 9 Declaración de Jeronimo Camposeco Rojas.
6 10 Declaration of the Meeting of Communist Parties of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1975.
6 11 Farnsworth Interviews, 1987- "Voices from Guatemala".
6 12 Father Giron and the Land Movement in Guatemala, 1987.
6 13 FTN Development Project, 1975.
6 14 Guatemala Land Reform.
6 15 Guatemala's Bureaucracy of Death - G-2.
6 16 Guatemalan Coops.
6 17 Guatemalan Evangelicals, 1988.
6 18 Guatemalans "Disappeared", 1984 - 1985.
6 19 Historia de la Iglesia desde 1954.
6 20 Iglesia Guatemalteca en el Exilio (IGE).
6 21 Indian Question - ORPA, EGP, PGT.
6 22 Indian Refugees - Articles.
6 23 Interview: Lider Movimiento Pro - Tierra/Manz.
6 24 Ja C'Amabal I'B Cultural Center.
7 1 Jesuits in Zone 5 of Guatemala.
7 2 Legislative Update on Guatemala, 1989.
7 3 Letter to the Friends of EGP, February, 1984.
7 4 Luya/Talks - Newsclippings.
7 5 Massacres and Human Rights.
7 6 Mayan Revitalization.
7 7 Military in Guatemala (various).
7 8 El Movimiento Indígena - Tojil.
7 9 Responses to "Bureaucracy of Death" - The New Republic, 1986.
7 10 Socialization Interviews.
7 11 Story of Antonio Alvarado - Sr. Marian Pahl.
7 12 Testimonios de Refugiados Guatemaltecos en México - Raquel Saravia.
7 13 Testimony of Rene de Leon Schlotter.
7 14 Testimony of Soldado via Chavez, 1986 - 1988.
7 15 Vatican, 1991.

WRITINGS OF OTHERS

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7 16 "II Consulta Ecuménica. Aporte de los Pueblos Indígenas de America Latina a la Peologia Cristiana", 1986.
7 17 Alvarez, Francisca. "Derechos Indígenas en Guatemala," December 1, 1986. Ponencia Presentada.
7 18 Barros, Sally Margaret. "International Aid: An Indigenous View". "The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Guatemala, 1950-1960", May, 1983.
7 19 Bodenheimer, Susanne. "Crucifixion By Adams", BERKELEY JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 1971 - 1972.
7 20 "Breve Análisis Sobre la Situación en Guatemala", January, 1986.
8 1 Brockett, Charles D. "Background to the Conflict: The Right to Food, Agrarian Change and U.S. Aid Policy...", 1983.
8 2 Brown, Charles E. "Motivation for Guerilla Warfare", August 20, 1973.
8 3 Camposeco, Jeronimo. "El Movimiento Indígena Frente a la Represión en Guatemala".
8 4 Carmack, Robert M. "Indians and the Guatemalan Revolution", Cultural Survival, Inc., 1983.
8 5 Cojti-Cuxil, Demetrio. "Problemas de la Identidad Nacional Guatemalteca".
8 6 Dennis, Philip A., Gary S. Elbow and Peter L. Heller. "Development Under Fire: The Playa Grande...". Texas Tech University, 1984-1986.
8 7 History of "Diocesis de Huehuetenango". In Spanish.
8 8 "Documento Básico del FGEI (Frente Guerrillero Edgar Ibarra) de las FAR y que origino el EGP", 1967.
8 9 Elbow, Gary S. "Determinants of Land Use Change in Guatemalan Secondary Urban Centers". PROFESSIONAL GEOGRAPHERS, 1983.
8 10 Falla, R. "Análisis de la Declaración de la Urng Con Ocasión de la Vista del Papa a Guatemala", 1983.
8 11 Falla, Ricardo. "El Movimiento Indígena", GUATEMALA: DRAMA Y CRISIS SOCIAL, June, 1978.
8 12 Falla. "Situación del Movimiento Revolucionario Guatemalteco", November, 1984.
8 13 Feder, Ernest. "The New Penetration of the Agricultures of the Underdeveloped Countries...". OCCASIONAL PAPERS, 1975.
8 14 Galileo, Jacinto. "La Hora de Nuestro Pueblo", 1982.
8 15 Green, Linda. "Fear as a Way of Life", CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 1994.
8 16 Greenlee, Mel. "Asylum Policy in Action: The Case of Guatemala's Kanjobals", May, 1990. International Development Policy and Law Final Paper.
8 17 Gruzmán, Sebastián. "Camino de Paxil".
8 18 "Guatemala 1984-1986: Un Pronóstico Sobre el Acontecer Economico y Politico", INFOPRESS CENTROAMERICANA, 1984.
8 19 "Guatemala: Crisis Social y Actualidad de la Revolución".
8 20 "Guatemala Indian Problem".
8 21 Guatemalan Military in Quiche.... Article in Spanish.
8 22 Guerra-Borges, Alfredo. "La Cuestión Agraria, Cuestión Clave de la Crisis Social en Guatemala", November, 1983.
8 23 Guerra-Borges, Alfredo. "La Politica Agraria de la Reforma Liberal en Guatemala, 1871-1885", 1983.
8 24 Horizontes, Colectivo. "Las Corrientes Politico-Ideologicas Dentro del Movimiento Indio Guatemalteco", 1988.
8 25 Instituto Nacional de Transformación Agraria (INTA). "Proyecciones del INTA en el Agro Guatemalteco", 1968.
8 26 Lopez y Rivas, Gilberto. "Programa de la Materia Sobre la Cuestión Etnico-Nacional de la Maestria...".
9 1 Lovell, W. George, Christopher H. Lutz. "The Primacy of Larger Truths: Rigoberta Menchu...".
9 2 Lykes, M. Brinton. "Speaking Against the Silence: One Maya Woman's Exile and Return", 1994. WOMEN CREATING LIVES: IDENTITIES, RESILIENCE, AND RESISTANCE.
9 3 Lykes, M. Brinton. "Terror, Silencing and Children: International, Multidisciplinary Collaboration...", 1994. SOCIAL SCIENCE MEDICINE, Vol. 38, No. 4.
9 4 Lykes, M. Brinton, Mary M. Brabeck, Theresa Ferns and Angela Radan. "Human Rights and Mental Health...". PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN QUARTERLY, 1993.
9 5 Maloney, Thomas J. "EXMIBAL/INCO: Regional and National Impact of Nickel Minting in East-Central...". November 20, 1983.
9 6 Manger C., Sebald G. "Land Relationships and Development of the Agricultural Sector in Guatemala".
9 7 McCreery, David. "An Odious Feudalism: Mandamiento Labor and Commercial Agriculture in Guatemala, 1858-1920". LAP.
9 8 Melville, T. "Insurgency in the Modern World" (Review), August, 1981.
9 9 Moore, Alexander G. Jr. "Old and New Patterns of Leadership in a Guatemalan Town", December, 1967. A Paper for the American Anthropological Association.
9 10 Moors, Marilyn. "Work and Fieldwork: American Anthropologists Look at the Migratory Labor of Guatemalan...", 1986. Draft, prepared for NEH Summer Seminar.
9 11 Paul, Benjamin D. "Fifty Years of Religious Change in San Pedro La Laguna, A Mayan Community...", November, 1987. Prepared for meeting of the American Anthropological Association.
9 12 Payeras, Mario. "Que Implicaciones Tendria para el Actual Regimen Guatemalteco la Consumación...". RESPUESTAS A LA MONDE.
9 13 Payeras, Mario y Hector Diaz-Polanco. "Dialogo Sobre la Cuestión Etnico-Nacional", 1990.
9 14 "Peasant and Worker Organization in Guatemala".
9 15 Peckenham, Nancy E. "Land Colonization in the Peten", August 6, 1979.
9 16 "Pueblos Indigenas y la Revolucíon Guatemala", 1982.
9 17 Racismo, 1978.
9 18 Santos, Agustin. "La Nueva Politica Centroamerica de la Administration Bush", June 21, 1989.
9 19 "La Segunda Fase de la Politica de la Administración Bush", CENTROAMERICANA, February 14, 1990.
9 20 Sintesis de 3 Textos Indigenistas - Guatemala, 1985.
9 21 Smith, Carol A. "Economic Reorganization as a Continuation of War: Military Impact...", September, 1987.
9 22 Smith, Sheldon. "Plantations and Underdevelopment: The Views from Jardin and Westby", 1983.
9 23 "Testigos Del Reino Para Los Hombres de Hoy, Breva Historia de la Confrerencia de Religiosos de Guatemala...".
9 24 Trudeau, Robert H. "The Recent Restructuring of the Guatemalan Political System", September, 1983. Prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.
9 25 "Violencia Politica en Guatemala", September - October, 1977. Typed report in Spanish.
9 26 Whetten, Nathan L. "Land Reform in a Modern World". RURAL SOCIOLOGY, vol. 19, no. 4, December, 1954.
9 27 Woodward Jr., Ralph Lee. "Liberalismo, Conservadurismo y La Actitud de Los Campesinos de La Montaña...".

ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES

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9 28 Originals of Preservation Photocopies.



Finding aid generated: 2008-11-03