Papers (1938-1992) of Steven Michael Horvath, professor of physiology, researcher and director (1962-1984) of the Institute of Environmental Stress at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Horvath studied the physiological effects of the environment, particularly air pollutants, altitude, and heat. The bulk of the material documents Horvath's career after 1961, when he joined the faculty of the University of California, Santa Barbara, and took part in establishing the Institute of Environmental Stress. Materials documenting the Institute include correspondence, drafts and reprints of research reports, minutes of meetings, and annual reports. Also included are writings by Horvath, materials related to the Center for Aging Research at UCSB and typescript writings of others.


Steven Michael Horvath was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on September 15, 1911. In 1930 he enrolled at Oberlin College to study chemistry and after one year transferred to Miami (Ohio) University where he earned a B.A. degree in chemistry and physical education in 1934 and an M.S. in physiology in 1935. After two years at Ohio State University (1935-1937), he went to Harvard University, earning a Ph.D. in physiology and biology in 1942.

As a student Horvath held research and teaching assistantships at the Woods Hole Biology Laboratory and Miami (Ohio) University. At Harvard he worked in the Fatigue Laboratory under the direction of David Bruce Dill, whose daughter, Elizabeth, Horvath married in 1940.

In the 1940s and 1950s, Horvath held a variety of medical research and teaching positions: director of physiological research at the Massachusetts State Hospital for the Insane (1939-1942); on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania and the State University of Iowa (1949-1958); and, head of the Department of Physiology at Lankenau Hospital in Philadelphia (1958-1961). He was a visiting professor at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1958-1959 and at Jefferson Medical College in 1959-1961.

In 1961 Horvath joined the faculty of the Department of Physical and Health Education at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he helped establish the Institute of Environmental Stress and served as its director (1962-1984). Horvath also worked on the proposal to establish the Center for Aging Research at UCSB.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Steven M. Horvath Papers (1938-1992) contain reprints and typescripts of his research papers and articles on his studies into the effects of environment on health, miscellaneous UCSB minutes and committee reports, Center for Aging Research materials and typescript writings of others. Materials documenting the Institute of Environmental Stress include director's correspondence (1962-1984), administrative files, annual reports, contracts and grants, photographs, and symposium files.



The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS series is arranged alphabetically and contains awards and certificates of appreciation given to Horvath in the course of his career, personal correspondence, a curriculum vita dated 1962, and photographs of Horvath alone and with others, as well as images of a research laboratory at the University of Iowa in the 1950s.


The WRITINGS series begins with a chronological list of Horvath's publications from 1938 to 1962. Included in the series are typescript drafts, photocopies of published articles, and reprints. Writings are arranged alphabetically by title, reflecting Horvath's research interests in the physiological effects of a variety of substances and situations: air pollutants, particularly carbon monoxide; high altitude; desert heat; and aging. The series contains only a few of his papers, and is not a complete representation of his work.


The CENTER FOR AGING RESEARCH SERIES is arranged alphabetically by subjects related to establishing this center at UCSB and includes drafts and the final proposal, a descriptive brochure, sources of funding, correspondence, and miscellaneous material on aging.


This series is arranged in four subseries: A) Administrative Files, B) Annual Reports, C) Contracts and Grants, and D) Humans Under Stress Symposium.

A) The Administrative Files subseries contains drafts and a final copy of the plan to establish the Institute, curricula vitae for members of the staff, and the director's correspondence (1962-1984).

B) The Annual Reports subseries contains eleven years of accounts of Institute activities, a five-year review and material for a history of the Institute.

C) The Contracts and Grants subseries contains abstracts, interim and final reports on work done under contract to the California Air Resources Board, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

D) The symposium, Humans Under Stress: Will They Survive, honored Steven Horvath on his 80th birthday in 1991. The subseries contains material related to planning and organizing of the Symposium, letters of invitation, abstracts of papers presented, and photographs of Deborah Dreschler-Parks, the Symposium's organizer, and Steven Horvath.


The bulk of the UCSB MISCELLANEOUS series consists of correspondence related to funding sources, university relations and proposals for a research center and a visual science program.


The WRITINGS OF OTHERS series contains typescript copies of papers on topics in physiology and an English translation by D.B. Dill's son of a 1979 article in a Chilean newspaper describing an expedition to a mountain in the Andes (Aucanquilcha) that Dill's father had studied during the International High Altitude Expedition to Chile in 1935.

Related Materials

Additional writings by Steven Horvath can also be found in the David Bruce Dill and Harvard Fatigue Laboratory Reprints, MSS 517, at the University of California, San Diego's Mandeville Special Collections Library.


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1 1 Awards and certificates, 1938 - 1988.
1 2 Correspondence, 1962 - 1972.
1 3 Curriculum vita, ca. 1962.
Photographs of Steven Horvath.
1 4 Two informal portraits, 1992.
1 5 Horvath with others, 1960 - 1980.
1 6 Research and testing facilities at the University of Iowa - Photographs, 1950.


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1 7 Publications list, 1938 - 1962.
1 8 Age, Smoking Habits, Heat Stress, and Their Interactive Effects with Carbon Monoxide and Peroxyacetylnitrate, with P.B. Raven, et al., 1974.
1 9 Aging and Heat Stress, ca. 1966.
1 10 Air Pollution, Exercise and Heat Stress, with Barbara L. Drinkwater, et al., 1974.
1 11 Carbon Monoxide - Number 13, Environmental Health Criteria, published by the World Health Organization, 1979.
1 12 Carbon Monoxide and Human Vigilance, with T.E. Dahms, 1971.
1 13 Carbon Monoxide and Vigilance: Potential Danger from Existing Urban Concentrations, with J.F. O'Hanlon, et al., 1970.
1 14 Carbon Monoxide Elimination, with J.A. Wagner, et al., undated.
1 15 Effect of Carbon Monoxide and Peroxacetyl Nitrate on Man's Maximal Aerobic Capacity, with P.B. Raven, et al., 1974.
1 16 Effects of Age on Plasma Aldoterone Levels and Hemoconcentration at Altitude, with R.C. Jung, et al., 1971.
1 17 Effects of Carbon Monoxide on Human Behavior, 1973.
1 18 Electrocardiogram of Burros, with Taketoshi Morimoto, et al., 1975.
1 19 Exercise at Ambient and High Oxygen Pressure and High Altitude and at Sea Level, with K. Klausen, et al., 1970.
1 20 Hemoconcentration at Altitude, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1969.
1 21 Influence of Glycine on Muscular Strength, with C.A. Knehr, et al., 1941.
1 22 Man's Physiologic Response to Long-Term Work during Thermal and Pollutant Stress, with J.A. Gliner, et al. - Abstract, undated.
1 23 Maximal Aerobic Capacity at Different Levels of Carboxyhemoglobin, with P.B. Raven, et al., undated.
1 24 Miscellaneous individual projects, undated.
1 25 My Institute, undated.
1 26 Peripheral Blood Flow Response to Exercise Consequent to Physical Training, with R.H. Rochelle, et al., 1971.
1 27 Rapid Acclimatization to Work in Hot Climate, 1943.
1 28 Rapid, Accurate Technique for Determination of Carbon Monoxide in Blood, with T.E. Dahms, 1974.
1 29 Respiratory and Circulatory Responses to Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, with H. Chiodi, et al., 1941.
1 30 Responses to Exercise as Related to Age, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1958.
1 31 Spirometric Changes Following Long-Term Work in Polluted Environments, with P.B. Raven, et al., undated.
1 32 Sweat Electrolytes in Desert Walks, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1967.
1 33 Technique for Accurately Producing Desired Carboxyhemoglobin during Rest and Exercise, with T.E. Dahms, et al., undated.


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2 1 Development Case Statement, 1980.
2 2 Fund sources in aging, 1978 - 1984.
2 3 Funding publicity letters, 1982 - 1983.
2 4 Invitations to become associate of Center for Aging Research, January 22, 1983.
2 5 Miscellaneous aging material, 1978 - 1983.
2 6 Opportunities for Giving - Includes brochure and draft cover letter, 1982.
Project for a Center for Research on Aging.
2 7 Handwritten and typescript notes - Includes "Funding Source Information for Educational Programs for the Aging" and list of names of medical specialists, undated.
2 8 Miscellaneous reprints and typescripts by various authors, 1969 - 1982.


Administrative History

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2 9 Correspondence, 1962 - 1984.
2 10 Curriculum planning and staffing, 1961 - 1980.
2 11 Curricula vitae for staff at the Institute of Environmental Stress, 1957 - 1964.
For Institute Scrapbook.
2 12 Includes humorous certificates, verse and correspondence, 1968 - 1972.
2 13 Newspaper clippings, 1954 - 1973.
2 14 Individual Adaptations Symposium, 1977.
2 15 Laboratory Policy - Includes typescript description of laboratory equipment needs and handwritten procedure for carbon-14 studies, undated.
2 16 Miscellaneous write-ups on Institute, 1966 - 1975.
3 1 Plan for the establishment of the Institute of Environmental Stress, April 5, 1963.
3 2 Publications and manuscripts concerning carbon monoxide, 1975.
3 3 Group pictures of faculty, students and staff of the Institute of Environmental Stress, 1967 - 1981.
3 4 Miscellaneous unidentified photographs of Institute students, faculty and staff, undated.

Annual Reports

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3 5 1966 [?] - Includes copy of The University as a Major Influence in the State. Proceedings of the University of California Twenty-Second All-University Faculty Conference, March 20-23, 1967. Annotated by Steven M. Horvath.
3 6 1970 [?].
3 7-13 1972 - 1977.
4 1-6 1977 - 1984.
4 7 Five-Year Review, 1976 - 1981.
4 8 History - Includes "Analysis of Experiments by Type and Year", 1971 - 1985.

Contracts and Grants

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California Air Resources Board.
4 9 Influence of Carbon Monoxide in Normal and Cardiovascular Stressed Animals - Abstract of final report, 1971 - 1974.
4 10 Interaction of Two Air Pollutants, Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone, on Lung Function, with L. J. Folinsbee, 1975 - 1977.
4 11 Physiological Effects of Exposure to Different Concentrations of Ozone, with L.J. Folinsbee, et al., 1975 - 1978.
4 12 Physiological Effects of Air Pollutants during Long and Short Term Work..., with P.B. Raven, et al. - Abstract, 1971 - 1974.
4 13 Response to Oxidants, with J.F. Bedi, 1981 - 1983.
4 14 Response to Oxidants: Human Exposure to Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone..., 1978 - 1980.
4 15 Responses to Oxidants: Pre-Exposure to Low Ozone Concentrations Does Not..., with J.F. Bedi, 1981 - 1982.
5 1 Rest and Work During Carbon Monoxide Exposures at Altitude, 1982 - 1985.
5 2 Synergistic Effects of Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone and Adaptation to Ozone, with J.A. Gliner, 1982.
Environmental Protection Agency.
5 3 Effects of Low Levels of Ozone and Temperature Stress on Cardiac..., with L.J. Folinsbee, 1974 - 1975.
5 4 Effects of Sulfuric Acid Mist Exposure on Human Pulmonary Function, 1977 - 1980.
5 5 Related Ozone Exposures, undated.
5 6 National Institutes of Health. Cardiovascular Adjustments to Cold Exposure, with J.A. Wagner, 1979 - 1982.
5 7 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Physiological Adaptation of Women to Heat Stress, with B.L. Drinkwater, 1979 - 1982.

Humans Under Stress Symposium

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5 8 Abstracts of papers presented at the Symposium, 1992.
5 9 Financial records, 1991 - 1992.
5 10 Fund raising letters, notes and brochures, 1990 - 1992.
5 11 Letters of invitation and replies, 1991 - 1992.
5 12 Photographs of Deborah Dreschler-Parks, Steven M. Horvath and others, 1992.
5 13 Proposal form and planning material, 1990 - 1992.


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6 1 Cheadle, Vernon I., Chancellor - Correspondence, 1963 - 1985.
6 2 Gifts and endowments, 1966 - 1984.
6 3 Scientific Center of Research Excellence, 1970 - 1974.
6 4 Systemwide Estate Monies - Correspondence, 1981 - 1982.
6 5 University Relations - Correspondence.
6 6 Visual Science Program at the University of California at Santa Barbara, proposal, 1982.


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6 7 Astorga, Luz M. "Searching for the Top of Man's World", 1979.
English translation by D.B. Dill, Jr. Includes letter in Spanish from D.B. Dill, Jr. to A. Araneda, July 1, 1979.
6 8 "Changes in Adaptability to Heat and Cold Stress of the 'Climateric' Female with and without Estrogen Therapy", undated.
Costill, David.
6 9 "Appendix: Glycogen Depletion Pattern in Human Muscle Fibers during Distance Running", undated.
6 10 "Glucose Ingestion at Rest and During Prolonged Exercise", undated.
6 11 Horstman, Donald Herbert. "Glycogen Resynthesis in Man: Role of Depletion, Carbohydrate and Insulin", 1970.
6 12 Lin, Yu-Chong. "Proposal 1: Studies on the Sympathetic Activity and Cardiovascular Parameters...", undated.
6 13 Project Menlec. "The Effects of the Menstrual Cycles upon Eccrine Sweating and Electrolyte Loss...", undated.
Robinson, Sid.
6 14 "The Effects of Hot Environments on Men", 1944.
6 15 "Physiological Adjustments of Men to Stress", 1966.

Finding aid generated: 2012-12-05