llegiu! treball. Diari dels treballadors de la ciutat i del camp
[Read treball. The daily for workers in the city and the country]. Signed: Michel Adam . S.D.P. Editat Pel Sindicat de Dibuixants Professionals, U.G.T. Grafos. SA, Barcelona. Photomechanical reproduction (halftone) and lithograph, 100 x 70 cm.
This poster encourages
the people of Catalonia to read Treball, the organ of the Partit
Socialista Unificat de Catalunya (Catalan Unified Socialist
Party). The two men who are reading the paper in the foreground,
one a peasant and the other an industrial worker as suggested by
their attire, point to the constituency that the PSUC paper was
trying to reach. Formed in July 1936, the PSUC grew out of a coalition
of the Catalan branches of the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE) and
the Spanish Communist Party (PCE). Dominated by communist leadership
under the General Secretary Juan Comorera, PSUC membership quickly
grew from an initial 4,000 members to over 50,000 by mid-1937. PSUC
became increasingly powerful throughout the war because of its opposition
to the revolutionary platform of more radical parties like the Heterodox
Marxist Party (POUM) and the leading anarchist party and trade union
(FAI-CNT). By waging a massive campaign against these ultra-left
elements, the PSUC successfully secured a dominant position in Catalonia.
The red and yellow of the poster may be a reference to the Catalan
flag and therefore emphasizes the Catalan nature of the newspaper.
Michel Adam was a pseudonym
used by the painter Joan Colom Agusti. Little is known about Agusti
other than his work for the UGT and the PSUC. Agusti's poster was
edited by the Sindicat de Dibuixants Professionals (Syndicate
of Professional Artists). Created in 1933, the SDP was a small organization
of only 150 members; by October 1936, it had grown to over 1800
members and had become a key agent in the distribution of propaganda
posters. Because this poster was signed in 1936 and because the
PSUC did not exist until late July of that year, the poster must
have been printed during the last five months of 1936.